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r of the chromosomes from either parent, a genetic malfunction can occur resulting in the development of an extra genetic material in chromosome number 21. Additional genetic material on chromosome 21, which is responsible for the features of the Down syndrome, can result from three primary genetic variations; trisomy 21, this is when a child is born with three copies of chromosome 21 in all the cells instead of the usual 2 copies. Mosaic Down syndrome, where the child is born with some cells having an extra copy of chromosome 21. Mosaic down syndrome is caused abnormal cell division after fertilization. Translocation Down syndrome occurs when part of chromosome 21 is attached (translocate) onto another chromosome, prior to or at conception (Sherman, 2007).
Children born with Down syndrome often have intellectual and physical disabilities. At adult age, a person with Down syndrome present with an IQ equivalent of a nine-year-old. Often, people with Down syndrome presents with stunted growth, webbed neck, low muscle tone, narrow roof of the mouth and flat head. Additionally, they present with abnormal outer, large tongue, flattened nose as well as separation of the first and the second toes (Porth,
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First of all, stop eating foods high in fat and cholesterol and try a healthier diet. As a consequence, this leads onto the problem of being overweight. Once someone’s diet improves then body weight will naturally decrease. An extension of this is an increase in physical activity because extra energy will be used up thus reducing body weight.
AD can be a progressive disease in which there is cognitive impairment, language problems, mood swings, belligerence, and other issues. This research paper will seek to analyze and assess the nature of the disease. Working of the Brain The human brain has neurons and synapses that help to improve cognitive and physical functions.
In many instances, the outbreaks have severely strained both the local and national resources during periods when health care expenditure in the economically developed states has been restrained. Emerging illness is a phrase that has been utilized with augmenting occurrence to delineate the appearance of an unidentified contagion, or a beforehand identified contagion that expanded to a new ecological niche or a geographical area (Howard & Fletcher, 2012).
Whenever such movements of stomach acids likes the hydrochloric acid that help in the digestion of food leaks from the stomach back to the esophagus, the mucus lining of the wall prevent them from corroding the esophagus. Additionally, such backward movement of stomach and intestinal acids are rare since the digestion system has a mechanism of enclosing both the stomach and the intestines thus preventing such occurrences.
The swelling extends deep into the lining of the affected organ. The swelling can cause pain and can make the intestines empty frequently, resulting in diarrhea.
Crohns disease is an inflammatory bowel disease, the general name for diseases that cause swelling in the intestines.
The consumption of gluten by such patients results in a strong immune system response that hampers the absorption of vital nutrients. Celiac disease if left untreated could lead to further complications like autoimmune disorders, neurological problems, infertility and in some cases even cancer also (The University of Chicago Celiac Disease Center 1).
Experts have pointed out that for the year ending 2005, such diseases have caused more deaths world wide than either communicable disease or starvation.
In 2005, the WHO estimated that among 58 million deaths from all causes, approximately 60% of deaths (35 million) were associated with chronic disease.
The disease knows no socioeconomic boundaries. Life expectancy is reduced by approximately one-third after development of Alzheimer's disease. People with Alzheimer's disease live an average of 8 to 10 years after diagnosis. The disease can last for up to 20 years.
s, such as tremor, flexed posture, impaired postural reflexes, bearing characterized by forward leaning, a mask like facial expression, and changes in handwriting. With the progression of the disease and consequent neuro-degeneration, patients may be unable to move (Alexi,