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It is also important to note that the procedure and organization found between the adult and juvenile court systems vary greatly (Snyder, 2001).
In Alabama, after committing the crime, Juveniles are detained as compared to being arrested. A petition is drawn up next whereby the juvenile court’s jurisdictional authority over the detained individual and offense serves the minor’s family as notice and offers the basis for the convergence of the court, and acts as the official document for charging. The juvenile’s case is adjudicated, once it is in court, and a disposition is passed. The governmental Act that entails Freedom of Information access to everyone means that the adult records can be viewed by anyone, whereas, juvenile records are considered as sealed documents. This measure is meant for protecting the minors so that their single mistake in life does not become a barrier throughout their life. Juvenile records may be expunged once the minor offender reaches 18 years provided they meet the set state criteria. In addition, unlike the adult court procedures the juvenile courts proceedings are far less formal. The least detrimental options often form the main basis for a juvenile case disposition. Therefore, the parents’ patriae legacy remains clear (Mays & Winfree, 2000).
Juvenile dispositions use of indeterminate sentencing is often a constant source of controversy for the juvenile courts. Under this sentencing, the judges are given power to determine and decide the type of sentence that will be carried out. Juveniles, in such cases, are watched during their detained periods and only when the judge completely considers them fully rehabilitated, then they can be released. This arrangement, according to critics, allows the judge to have too much discretion, and therefore should not be considered as a detrimental punishment. The three main ways that a court is typically
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Though these programs and programs like these are in place to prevent juvenile crimes and drug abuse, they continuously prove to be ineffective on a large percentage of youth. The inadequate results of prevention programs can be derived organizations lacking quality implementation for prevention programs and the absence of strong adult reinforcement at home.
Comparison of the Model programs and that of promising programs will allow us to see how they differ from each other as well as understanding what each approach represents. Model programs represent current programs in effect in various areas with success rates already established.
Status offending is behaviors and acts only that are only committed by juveniles such as running away and truancy. Status offending also includes acts that are lawful for adults but illegal for children such as sexual intimacy and drinking alcohol. Smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol and sexual intimacy is legal for adults thus not offense (Elrod and Ryder 362).
The present legal systems treat crimes committed by the minors in a different way from the crime committed by those who have attained the age of majority. The main difference between the juvenile and adult court system is that, adult court system focuses on the avoidance and justice as the underlying principle for prosecuting offenders whereas the juvenile system is committed to rehabilitate delinquent youths into upstanding citizens with good morals (Tanenhaus 68).
The nature of their work demands an effective juvenile justice worker to possess several vital competencies including the knowledge, skills and attributes. Some of the most central competencies for the juvenile justice worker include good communication skills, patience, creativity, respect, motivation, compassion and commitment to youths.
ren and youth who enter the juvenile justice system should be treated appropriately through every stage of the program, including “prevention, early intervention, diversion, detention, probation, residential care, incarceration and post-release care”. Without an effective
The Juvenile Justice Charter School offers counseling, mental health services and anger management classes. Individuals are opted to enter the Vocational Education Program offered by San Jacinto College as well as attend drug and
As the wealthier lot is becoming richer with each passing day, there has to be a fine line of distinction towards what can be seen as acceptable and what is simply deemed as inappropriate from the very basic
Differently treated from adult offenders, juveniles are not accused of crimes but with misbehaviors; they are considered innocent and adjudicated offenders; they do not go to prison but to a reformatory or
In the Juvenile Justice System Flowchart published by the Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice, it can be seen that after intake, there are three possible actions that can be done. These are the formal charges, diversion or no action at all depending on the nature
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