Development will involve building the substantial structure on the shoreline, establishing a cooling pool in the adjacent waters, building a roadway from the nearby highway A39, and creating wayleaves for powerlines, and easements for drainage and other utilities.
The main aspects, in this case, are the unauthorized use of the wide footpath belonging to the Duke of Monmouth’s Trustees, by the present owner of Primrose Hill Cottage, Geoff, despite legal several warnings issued by them, to a previous owner, Jack, forbidding such acts of transgression. This had no impact on the previous owner.
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The following unlawful activities are conducted using the computer, for example, cyber defamation, e-mail spoofing, pornography, forgery, financial crimes, intellectual property crime, a sale of illegal articles, online gambling, and cyberstalking. The computer may also be the target where there is unauthorized access to a computer or system.
The author states that as result freedom of contract is not an absolute right to the extent that parties are only at liberty to agree to terms and conditions that are lawful and consistent with the law of contract, construction law, and practices. Parties to a construction contract may only draft contracts that comply with the court’s expectations.
The author states that in the United States of America, an initiative was taken to check the integrity level of police officers. This initiative involved a fact-finding mission within a sample group that represented a cross-section of the US police force. A sample group of one County Agency and one Sheriff’s Agency were chosen.
The paper starts with briefly describing the contract law. Then, it moves onto discuss the importance of the contract law and the contracts in the world today. The significance of the law is considered using examples from daily life. After this the paper moves onto concentrate on the effectiveness of contract law.
In this report, The Holyrood Project is being analyzed in view of the four-phase model of project management. Project management activities can be clustered into four process groups which are Conception, Development, Realisation, and Termination. Activities within these groups have clear dependencies and must be performed in the same sequence.
At present, the default setting in the legal system is corporate autonomy. Corporation A and its subsidiary, B, in country C, are autonomous of one another (i.e. separate individuals), unless exceptional circumstances of 'sham', economic unity, or agency, exist. The burden of proof lies with the party that alleges a relationship.
The book Law as Culture: An Invitation by Lawrence Rosen proposes the idea that the law is closely intertwined with a culture so that the law itself is an expression of culture. Rosen’s most persuasive argument is the notion of the impermanence of the law, which is underpinned by the uncertainty of its basic concepts.
Unfortunately, many international issues and crimes remain beyond the ICC’s jurisdiction. The reason is not in that the ICC fails to prosecute international crime situations effectively. Rather, as a court of last resort, the ICC cannot initiate prosecution, unless the case of crime is brought to the court.
The author states that there is a great demarcation in identity constructs when comparing the post-modern era to the pre-modern era. The biggest difference is that the post-modern era has been marked with a great deal more impersonality. Whereas, in the pre-modern era, an individual could derive a sense of self and identity from their close connections.
The attackers are known to be hackers, some being fellow employees, organized crime groups, customers, competitors, political unrest groups, and terrorists (Havely, 2001). Most of their attacks are global in coverage with foreign governments and corporations being the main sources of attacks in the US and in other developed nations.
According to the rule, the evidence obtained through the search of a suspected criminal is excluded from his trail if the search of a criminal is unreasonable. It also protects the Americans from undue deprivation of property, liberty, and life. This rule has been the subject of opposition by many conservatives.
In the 1950s and 1960s, the federal government was rather quiet on drug issues. President Nixon declared a war on drugs in the early 1970s. In the 1980s, the US faced a severe epidemic of drug abuse, whose main cause was the abuse of cocaine. This epidemic became worse as a result of a neglect of drug control issues by the Reagan administration.
The case deals with the circumstances surrounding the attempted murder of the Plaintiff Mr. Widdowson by two acquaintances at his home in 30 Grasmere St. Leicester. The two acquaintances, Mr. Andrew, and Mr. Hodgson are alleged to have beaten up the plaintiff after an altercation. The incidence occurs in the afternoon at around one and two after lunch.
According to Morgan, the doctrine of frustration was first established in the case of Taylor v Caldwell (1863).In this case, the claimant sought for compensation arguing that the respondent (owner of a hall) had breached contract for failing to provide the hall through which music concert would be held.
The United Kingdom is among the most advanced democracies of the world given its track record in upholding the constitution and, especially human rights. It is thus prudent to assume that such a society will always enact legislation that means well to the people to bolster good governance while ensuring the rights of the citizens.
The Returning officer main functions in England’s electoral process of (a) Lodging of different nominations (b) Reissue of important ballot materials (c) In - person deposit of completed ballot material and lastly, (d) Conducting preliminary scrutiny and count to first preference in any time.
One of the major responsibilities for the directors of a corporate entity is associated with the powers bestowed upon them that allow them to make some of the most critical and path-breaking business decisions that affect the performance, operation, and outlook of the organization. Such decisions are made by directors on behalf of the company.
This discussion talks that wealth concentration in Russia is marked in that 46.6 percent of total income is in the hands of 20 percent of the population. The informal practices which Georgi Derlugian attributes to ‘persistent under-institutionalization of Russian life’, have been the breeding ground of corruption at all levels in Russia.
A reserve fund can be either general reserve, allocate fund to equalization of dividend reserve, contingency reserve or a taxation reserve or any reserve a company may desire but within the taxation angle. When the company is earning good profits, it is prudent to build up reserves so that it can meet any eventually in case if there is a downturn in its performance.
This essay analyzes that a promise to do or act upon something in exchange for the acceptance of the offer being made. An offer goes with the willingness to bind oneself into a legal agreement, to enter into a bargain to another party, with the understanding that the other party to whom the offer is being made is the one that will conclude the agreement.
Inconsistencies in the way that the EU uses its human rights conditionality in external relations have been quite obvious. For instance in the Balkans, human rights were viewed as entirely significant for the reconstruction and stabilization missions in the region. n the Mediterranean, the EU left the regulation of human rights to field assistance
This essay analyzes that The Parliament Act of 1911 is cornerstone legislation in this context as the provisions within it had the potential to significantly alter the status quo with regard to the House of Lords. This essay will show how far reforms to the House of Lords have materialized and what areas have remained stagnant in the century since the Act.
Stalking is a criminal offense which can be defined as annoying and bothering another person by giving repeated and unnecessary attention to the point of being obsessed. It can be in the form of harassing another person by staring, following, making phone calls, sending emails or gifts, or even appearing at another person’s place.
This report presents an account of the discrimination against criminal record holders in the United Kingdom and judges its implications on the person’s chances of future re-offense. In the United Kingdom, The Rehabilitation of Offenders Act allows people with reasonably small offenses to have their sentences ‘spent’.
This research tells that intermediation between employers and employees was made certain after the intervention of trade unions in the working environment. The theme to develop employment laws which would be beneficiary for the employer and employee is pictured, but the scenario in the market is quite different.
A key effect of these changes would be that quite many tenders and contracts will not be subjected to the intricate regulations by procurement laws and directives. However, the negative effect of unfair competition is cited by many. The proposed thresholds are also expected to reduce financial and time-related costs, especially for small contracts.
The Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 was introduced by the parliament of UK. This act was introduced by the UK parliament in response to the several incidents of death and serious injuries resulting from the attacks by uncontrolled and dangerous dogs, specifically on children. However, these particular incidents received huge media attention.
Murder, in which there is intent to kill or inflict serious bodily harm is outside the scope of this discussion. However, the second type of homicide, manslaughter under current law takes one of two forms: voluntary manslaughter, where there is intent to harm or kill but circumstances mitigate the offense to varying degrees depending upon the facts of the case.
The author states that for a valid contract, the parties must each offer consideration which is something of worth to the other party. Consideration in a contract can take many shapes other than money, such as a promise to perform in a specific way. Further, the common law does not envisage that the consideration should be sufficient.
According to the South Carolina Department of Corrections, there are presently 57 inmates on death row in the state of South Carolina. South Carolina has a strong legal tradition but equally strong sentencing requirements and the defense attorney plays an important role in ensuring that justice is appropriately meted out.
The terms of them and we refer to the law enforcement authorities and the civil society at large. The concept of someone watching us all the time is inbuilt into our selves and deeply embedded in our mind. The ever-present CCTV (Closed Circuit Television) camera and the ever-present wiretap are examples of how the state snoops on its citizens.
The author states that in the interest of the subject and the critical analysis of an argument, this article initially highlights a few basic definitions, its origins, and its future. There are sections later that invariably deal with Prof Rajak’s comment about shareholder’s rights and obligations being directly proportional to their capacity in the firm.
The present research has identified that Hart’s view differs from another great legal philosopher, John Austin. Austin view on law gives the impression that it is more like a command given by a sovereign that has to be obeyed without question. Hart says that this view is similar to a gunman in a bank giving orders to hand over money.
A contract may be tainted by defects that could affect its validity making it void, voidable, illegal or unenforceable (Butler et al, 2001). In case consent to an agreement is induced by coercion, undue influence, fraud or misrepresentation, the agreement is a contract voidable at the option of the party whose consent was so caused.
The author states that the mediator whose objective is to bring out a positive outcome has to be naturally taken into confidence by the parties to the dispute. Unless there is an assurance that confidentiality of matters relating to the dispute will not be compromised, parties will not come to the mediation forum.
Every person has the fundamental right to life, freedom and the pursuit of happiness. This is the construct within which, forces involved discuss capital punishment along the following lines: some acts are so despicable and heinous that the community cannot stand. This, therefore, invalidates the perpetrator’s right to life.
The subsidies that go in and out of bureaus authorized to deal with mental health, abuse, neglect, delinquency, and substance abuse mostly determine how young people will be classified and provided for (Roberts 2004). The classification is usually administrative and shallow and leads to artificial divisions among juveniles.
As Holt (2008) puts it, when President Bush signed the act into law he indicated that it will be used to act against those who have significantly reduced confidence in the US stock market, to expose corruption, punish those who seek to do wrong and protect the rights and interests of workers and investors.
As the paper, Interim Guidance on Considering Environmental Justice, outlines, price increases resulting from such disasters affect the poor again disproportionately as their budgets are limited. Moreover, an increase in heat exposure increases occurrence of heat strokes, and post-traumatic stress related to hurricanes among others.
The insurance industry is evolving and ancient approaches to risk management changing. As a means of covering the ever-growing market, there is a need to consider many events and risk related concerns in offering insurance coverage to the clients. The recent earthquake in Chile has sparked many questions that need to be answered on how these losses are to be covered.
In this paper, the roles of NICE in the provision of guidance are outlined with a specific reference made to the guidance on domestic violence. Also, the other organizations that provide similar guidance are discussed in the essay. The political, social, environmental, and economic contexts of the guidance are also outlined in the paper.
Mill's Utilitarianism (1861) is an extended explanation of the utilitarian moral theory. In an effort to respond to criticisms of the doctrine, Mill not only argued in favor of the basic principles of Jeremy Bentham but also offered several significant improvements to its structure, meaning, and application.
The author explains that his role within his team is to contact the victims of young offenders and offer support, sentence update information and make referrals to other agencies where appropriate and necessary. He also attends panel meetings when requested to do so by the victims.
The author states that criminology and sociology assume a very important dimension in the current research study. The conceptual framework is essentially integrated into this theoretical model in order to achieve a cohesive element of representation across a major range of variables such as social and economic paradigms.
Age discrimination involves treating an applicant or an employee less favorably because of his age (EEOC, n.d.). The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) forbids discrimination to any aspect of employment including hiring, firing, training, layoffs, promotions, fringe benefits, assignments and any other terms and conditions of employment.
This paper examines the employment contract, distinguishing it from the ordinary contract and demonstrates how the application of ordinary contract law to the employment contract can prevent employment tribunals fairly and justly balancing the interests of the employee and the employer, but it is not entirely constraining.
From this research paper, it is clear that there are many pros and cons on the effectiveness of the implementation of the curfew ordinance. Additionally, it's important to highlight that the curfew ordinance is already in place in Philadelphia but the government has put more teeth into the curfew ordinance law.
Till the 1970’s the law on liability for economic loss due to negligent acts was easy. Economic loss due to a negligent act may result in physical harm to a third party's property. Loss due to damage may disrupt the claimant's capability to continue his business, as in Cattle v Stockton Waterworks.