Recent research efforts suggest that international terrorism and atrocity crime are inextricably connected. International terrorism cartels and their sponsors engage in numerous crimes to finance and help terrorist activities. Some of these crimes include human trafficking; drug trafficking, money laundering and robbery.
The author states that Black Books would be denied of optimally utilizing its assets to maximize its profit potential. And when this problem occurs, Black Books may find itself enmeshed in huge debts owing to corporate inactivity. The major problem associated with incurring huge debts or going insolvent is that it may destroy a company’s brand image.
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This court (state court) has jurisdiction over each of the defendants because the Alaska West Express, Inc., has a minimum contact in the geographical area in which the court sits. The driver of the truck (presumed to be a citizen of the state) also has minimum contact required by the state court in order for it to have jurisdiction over his person.
Throughout the past two decades, in spite of the considerable declines in adolescence delinquent rates, the viewpoint of the public on youth violence has motivated the prevalent support for elimination of the juvenile court system as well as the implementation of more stringent crime legislation in the country.
Three types of courts are prevalent in each Emirate in UAE: criminal, Shariah and Civil. While Shariah courts in UAE deal with some family issues among Muslims, whereas the criminal court deals with criminal offenses, a civil court deals with commercial/civil issues. In criminal offenses, there is no application of Shariah laws.
Migration, on one hand, helps any government to fulfill the demand of skilled and unskilled workforce. At the same time, it is required to keep the unwanted and unsocial elements of other countries out of the country for the safety and security concerns of the residence. The Immigration Law is one of the instruments to ensure that.
There are not too many who care about what will happen to that person once s/he is in the custody of the wardens and that person’s identity and life are often lost to the system of corrections. However, there is still a life which goes on behind bars and an entire system which governs how that person is to be treated, what rights are given.
Achievement of the purposes of nuclear non-distribution is not promoted at all by a position of nuclear powers which still insist that this weapon in their hands strengthens safety, and in hands of others creates a threat for an international peace. If we achieved steady progress on a way of disarmament such position would be not so menacing
As the paper highlights, responsibility of the carrier for the damages caused to the consignment could be justified if it is proved that the carrier did not show the appropriate care for the preservation or the protection in general of the consignment and acted in a way that could be expected by the circumstances to put the consignment under risk.
However, the supermax prison uses controversial methodologies, beginning with the lack of legal recourse that an inmate has if a prison administration chooses to send them to such a facility. The supermax prison was created because of a perceived need to have the opportunity to completely control prisoners.
Terrorists usually compromise with some of the community leaders in order for them to be allowed to live amongst the community members. Some of the leaders may even offer financial support to them. This has been the major cause of the proliferation of terrorist activities which have been a major security threat, especially for the United States.
The author states that teamwork is vital so as to support fellow officers in difficult or dangerous arguments. Additionally, each officer is accountable for using his own judgment in dealing with such circumstances. He must trust his associates to realize that the application of his discretionary powers is weighed down with peril.
The advent of the internet has resulted in a tremendous increase in the scramble for lucrative domain names. In addition to tremendous competition in names that seem to bear market value and seem easy to remember in the minds of people, registration, and resale of domain names has evolved into an individual and lucrative business sector.
In Barclays Bank Plc v O’Brien, Lord Browne-Wilkinson had stated his opinion regarding the disadvantages of married life, particularly for women, and how modern wives were deprived of their independence due to the marriage institution. Women had enjoyed special protection, under equity, in the context of their surety transactions.
Both the parties should have the required mental health to interpret the terms and conditions of the contract before signing it. Moreover, both the countries prohibit minors from signing a contract. Persons who sign a contract on behalf of minors should take the responsibility of any consequences occurring from the contract.
The next aspect of the relational control-motivated aggression theory that must be examined is the quality and nature of the aggression itself. The types of aggression include low, moderate, high and severe. Low aggression includes such acts as refusing to talk, crying, yelling, and stomping out of the room
Under the Animal Welfare Act 2006, it is stated that a person commits an offense if an act of his, or a failure of his to act, causes an animal to suffer. It is also stated in this act that an animal’s needs shall be taken into consideration such as the following: the need for a suitable environment, the need for a suitable diet etc.
With the progress of time, human activism within the domain of global boundary gradually became complicated and consequently, conflicts between states became inevitable. Such conflicts also initiated several others other issues, namely, abundant abuse of human rights, deprivation of states and their inhabitants from enjoying their rightful claims.
The author explains that the legal provisions regulating working hours and rest periods are the Working Time Regulations came into force. Under the Regulations, the main legal influences impacting working hours and rest periods are employee status, the type of work involved and the extent to which employers have not opted out of the Regulations.
Critics of immigration law express the view that the immigration law is largely silent on interior enforcement, which at the same time is not well-defined (Weissinger para.5). Many people and organizations have faulted the INS capacity for failing to deport illegal immigrants especially those seen to have criminal records.
Intellectual Property is an intangible property which is a creation of mind. The creator’s property is generally protected through the mechanism of patents, copyrights, and trademarks. Intellectual property rights are granted to the creators to safeguard their interests so they can reap the potential benefits for their efforts.
Arbitration is a private process. It was implicit that the parties, arbitrators nor any supporting staff would not disclose any information about the arbitration. There was an exception if one of the parties had to bring into play the help of a court in regard to the arbitration or to set aside or enforce an arbitral award.
An express term of a contract is that which is expressly agreed by the parties, either orally or in writing. As a general rule, the courts hold the written document as a complete agreement so that the terms inscribed within form the total extent of the contract and no further terms may be added or varied later by external evidence
The EHRC is relatively new. Therefore its effectiveness in achieving equality and freedom from discrimination in the workplace remains to be seen. However, at this stage, it holds out the promise of providing employees with a fair and balanced opportunity for redressing instances of inequality in a private way.
It has been argued that children, including those in the adolescent stage, have a tendency to be reckless of the existing laws, as they know there will be no harsh punitive measures. It has been argued that teenagers below the age of seventeen are breaking the existing laws more often because of the existence of the juvenile justice system
The scope of the Brussels regime was also extended by the Lugano Convention, concluded on 16 September 1988 between the (then) 12 Member States of the Community and the (then) six Member States of the European Free Trade Association. The Lugano Convention covers the same subject matters as the Brussels Convention, now the Brussels I Regulation.
According to the paper, criminal offenders’ initial contact with the criminal justice system comes via the police or rather law enforcement agencies whose mandate in and to the system is to investigate the nature of the crime committed and make arrests, should they be deemed necessary. A coercive means defined within the legal parameters may be of due importance.
The primary author of discussion in this paper clearly illustrates her viewpoint of the business case for diversity is an outdated business philosophy when stating that the diversity brand is “vague, tired and devalued”. The author suggests this as it is perceived that the long-term contribution to assisting women has been minimal at best.
A criminal offense that results in injury to another, particularly homicide typically encapsulate the concept of remoteness between either the conduct or omission and the consequential harm. The actual consequences of that conduct or omission may be produced by other factors “which are more directly connected than is the conduct of the accused.
The author states that as a result, multilateral and bilateral agreements have contributed to a shift in international relations from autonomous regulations to a more multilateral co-operation between diverse states. It, therefore, follows that modern international agreements are currently necessary for regional and international integrations.
When one looks at recidivism rates and the fact that it suggests that long custodial sentences do not rehabilitate offences, to adhere to the just desert doctrine would have been entirely unfair and inadequate. The community is not protected if prisoners are reintroduced into the community and re-offend.
The author explains that English law states that a mere reference to a promise is factually incorrect and misleading. The fact is that English law will not give effect to a mere promise and the next important issue is that an agreement, or consent of parties interested to execute a contract, is required in exchange of consideration may be legally binding.
Who would inherit your property if you die after divorcing Romeo and the matrimonial home has now been transferred into your sole name, whilst the flat has been transferred into Romeo’s name? You have provided details that your possible heirs would be Romeo, your husband, if not divorced? Collin your son and one child you had given up from adoption.
The law of estoppels generally enquires in this issue whether the promise not to sell has been made without consideration – thus, if V received any consideration – money – for this verbal promise, she would be bound to keep the sofas until 3 pm Saturday, or stopped from selling them sooner than the stated date.
It should be noted that the first rule is that a property cannot pass if the goods are unascertained. This makes the distinction between specific and unascertained goods fundamental. The second rule is that, if the goods are specific or ascertained, the parties are free to make whatever agreement they like about when the property is to pass.
The author states that the basic underlying idea behind any law, in any society regardless of its size, is the upholding of law and order, by limiting chaos and destruction and promoting peaceful coexistence among the global citizens, which is achieved by laying down strict and formal rules regarding permissible and nonpermissible activities.
The associations with the environmental laws and water pollution are designed to change the damage which is now prevalent on the earth. The first step to this came from the UN’s establishments and policies to begin to change the water pollution that was used. This was followed by federal regulations in the United States based on the Clean Water Act
In today’s world, the economy of most of the countries is facing downfall, which is creating adverse effects on the living conditions of the people belonging to those countries. When the economic conditions of a country become unstable, it brings a negative impact on the living style of the people of that country.
An agreement to arbitrate will have a closer and more real connection with the place where the parties have chosen to arbitrate than with the place of the law of the underlying contract in cases where the parties have deliberately chosen to arbitrate in one place disputes which have arisen under a contract governed by the law of another place.
The study will apply various methods in data collection. Interviews will be conducted through open-ended questionnaires as well as structured questionnaires. They will be filled by various leaders from different departments which are concerned in running of the government prisons. There will also be questionnaires for ex-prisoners.
The humans have the profound and notable ability to commit mistakes. The mistakes are taken as the opportunities to learn. The human basic and fundamental psyche is designed to enjoy the victory whereas; it is programmed to contemplate about mistakes. The mistakes are analyzed and results are deduced so that errors in the future can be ignored.
Every corporate body has a responsibility to impact positively on its major stakeholders that include the workers, the government, consumers, the surrounding community and even the environment. China is among the countries whose idea of corporate social responsibility has been criticized over history.
Perhaps one of the biggest areas in which masculine hegemony is found is in the area of gangs and violent circumstances. In these gangs, status and power are an important aspect of inclusion within these groups. In most cases, these gangs are masculinized and presented in a way that is reflective of war.
This scenario would have been better decided by a court of law but since it is an emergency an immediate decision should be made. It is upon the medical practitioners to decide whether the suicide note and the son’s advice form sufficient basis to decide to withhold treatment or not (Nicholson et al., 2008).
The criminal justice system in the UK is not working. According to the British Crime Survey report for the last quarter of 2003, the percentage of violent crimes reduced by 5 percent during the year 2003 compared to the previous year but the percentage change between October to December of 2003 compared to a year earlier reflected a jump of 11%.
The author states that England has a diverse mix of arts, cultures, and people. There are various forms of arts that are being protected and promoted. The Art Council of England works with the vision to promote the arts at the heart of national life, reflecting England’s rich and diverse cultural identity.
he criminal law is not only concerned with compensation between offender and victim but also with compensation orders and other reparative ideas conniving themselves as a regular adjunct of sentencing options. The criminal law is an ideological function, that it makes statements about the boundaries of tolerated behavior.
It is anticipated that this study will reveal that provocation as a defense is not clearly and consistently applied and that the court will take many factors into account when deciding whether to accept the defense of provocation. For comparative purposes, this research project will examine the use of provocation in other countries.
EC Regulation No 593/2008 on the law applicable to contractual obligations will come into force on December 17, 2009, and will apply to all contracts completed following that date. The primary purpose of EC Regulation No 593 (Rome I Regulation) is to harmonize the choice of law rules among member states within the EC.
It is necessary to consider the law in relation to noise, in particular with regard to aircraft as well as the rights of individuals to airspace in and around their property as well as the law in relation to noise from machinery and aircraft to demonstrate the way in which machinery noise is regulated differently to aircraft noise.