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the theories of architecture are crucial when it comes to the development of construction sites. All the theories are important in their own way and they can be used to model an architect before the actual construction transaction is undertaken. The theories are very important in that they enable an architect to be able to get a clear view of how the expected architect is to be.
It is evident that architecture has been growing parallel to the growing technology as well as a cultural phenomenon at large. When today’s architecture is compared with that of a century ago, some of the things that cannot be ignored to be the main indicators of change are installations and designs of the architect works.
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DDP (Dongdaemun Design Plaza) located in South Korea in the heart of Dongdaemun business district is the first building to be designed in South Korea using Building Information Modeling (BIM) technology. This made it possible for the DDP design to remain in harmony with the Seoul metropolitan government, Seoul design foundation and the Zaha Hadid.
Korean style houses have been developed inside of Korean life for a thousand years. Indeed, the most special parts of Korean style houses: the main floored room, the roof shape, the materials used and the floor heating system, were invented from their wisdom from their life. 'Hanok' was the name used for the Traditional Korean style house.
For various centuries, ancient Rome was one of the most powerful nations on the planet considering its military organization, warfare, engineering, and architecture. Rome focuses on utilizing its unique cultural achievements inclusive of the invention of dome and groin vault. Some of the major aspects of art and architecture during the early Roman period include Circus Maximus, Colosseum, Baths of Trajan, and the Arch of Titus.
The original exterior of the San Giovanni Baptistery was changed into a green and white marble shell in the 12th century. At that time, the people of Florence added a little third level, the roof in the pyramidal shape and a lantern. Around the beginning of the 13th century, the round apse that was originally on the baptistery was replaced.
The mosque was built as attribution to the late King Faisal of Saudi Arabia. Its symbolism was based on the fact that it was to portray the hopes and aspiration of Pakistani people (Archnet Digital Library, “Faisal Mosque”). According to Serageldin (1990), Muslim or Islamic culture value the symbolic portrayal of the architectural building.
The light contains the necessary light components found in the sun’s rays that promote photosynthesis. The container has a firm base and can stand on its own. The top of the container is partially closed to allow air circulation into and out of the container. Photosynthesis occurs naturally in nature.
As stated by Castex, the architectural epitome which the land holds can be traced back or associated with significant eras in history marking the beginning of an enthralling journey from the Temple of Poseidon in fifth century BC to the more recent renovations of structures which occurred at the departure of the twentieth century (xxvii).
After Empire State Building was completed, it received warn welcome from society in particular the film industry. Its celebrity status found its way into the film King Kong. Another important fact to understand about the building is that it is owned by the Astor family. This family also owns some of the most impressive sites in New York.
To compare the two architects we can very well see that they both were directed towards the modern ways of architectural design and wanted to shape the most modern urban city and style. They were both architects of the most modern techniques of designing and wanted to exhibit their skills to give the right model to contemporary designers.
The Nordic practice of competition secretaries is exceptional in the international perspective. In most other countries, competition affairs are handled through local bodies of voluntaries and this has resulted in non-uniform competition procedures even at the national scale. An architectural competition always bears the stamp of its organisers.
According to Kim Dovey, “Architecture and urban design are the most contradictory of practices - torn between a radically optimistic belief in the creation of the new, and a conservative acceptance of the prevailing order”. The natural disasters of 1755 allowed for a complete restructuring of Lisbon, although the political influences would find a struggle between the old and new relationships.
The English regulations, which coincided with parallel efforts in French, German, Austrian and American professional associations, outlined the principal features of the modern competition of the twentieth century: an open, anonymous competition based on a program or brief which relates to a specific site and purpose, and which lists the jury members as well as the prize funds and the deadline for submission.
While most influential architects embraced the new forms of technology, they disagreed with the ways in which they should be implemented, and the extent to which they should form an entirely new form of architecture.
Houses, apartments, factories, offices, schools, roads, and bridges are only a few of the diverse creations of the construction industry (“Nature of the Construction Industry”). The building and construction sector undertakes both the jobs of erecting new structures along with making additions, alterations, and repairs to existing ones (“Nature of the Construction Industry”).
Electrical systems: (Inspection is only made on the visible part of the electric installation and as such no electric tests conducted during this observation.) Electricity mains are connected and the consumer modern type units of RCD located on the ground floor. Installations with a life span of 25years with safety checking recommend after 5years.
Nomadic life can give you every freedom you wish to access in life. There is no tension about office work, boss firing and other daily tensions. Moreover, driving out to the open road is not a mere imagination now and it has turned to be a reality with the technology favouring the aspiring generation.
For instance, red is always used to shoe danger, green for vegetation, and white for peace. Many cities apart from color being a weapon, it is used as anesthetic. Color is actually used to add some bit of esthetic value to a substance. The buildings of most cities were also painted using various colors to beautify them. Generally, color can be considered very vital in every aspect of life.
When the new basilica was constructed, the old one was still standing. The sixteenth-century Rome witnessed a brief period of prosperity that preceded the attack of the Spanish imperial troops in the city. The classic architecture blossomed, accordingly, by the hands of Bramante, one of the most important architects of the Renaissance.
Architecture as a profession is a representation of the trajectory of an architect’s thought taking the best practices as a model. In this respect, Australian architecture should always deal with the indigenous people at the site close to Aboriginal cultural and intellectual property. Thereupon, it is highly important to come up with a set of actions, protocols, and other activities aimed at protecting indigenous interests first of all.
The public transport systems in Perth and Melbourne are on different paths, with the Perth system a centrally planned network delivering consistent patronage growth for more than a decade, while in Melbourne recent demographic shifts and petrol prices have triggered transit demand that took the fractured management of the privatized system by surprise, they have largely attributed to different public transport systems and urban planning policies.
Through these historical sites, it is possible to see many of the country’s significant historical moments, as they are remembered at these locations. In addition, these sites often involved in historical events, as the Washington Monument and the Lincoln Memorial have been the location of a number of different events over the years. Monuments are a form of history-making because they symbolize significant aspects of history.
Faced with rapid commercial expansion and limitation on land area, technology to consumerism became the base for both architecture and the culture. On the other hand, according to Fletcher et al. (1996), cities also increasingly shifted towards being cosmopolitan citing historical images and the multitude of eclectic sources and as a result, buildings celebrated the diversities of the modern city.
During the past century, however, our conception of buildings has made a tremendous transformation. Under current ideas of space, social areas are recognized as something more than a structure to be built within a specific budget; buildings are also considered a means of expressing or repressing social harmonisation, interaction, and innovation.
Reactions to the restoration project have been widely mixed. Many have been thrilled with the revelation of bright colors more in keeping with the pigments of the era and the known processes of fresco painting. Pope John Paul II celebrated the ceiling’s brilliant colors and newly welcoming atmosphere for those who would come to see the ceiling for themselves.
Old Saint Peter’s had a long central aisle based on the shape of Latin cross, and a crossing to it that was transparent in front of the church. The construction of Old Saint Peter’s was commissioned by the Roman Emperor Constantine in the 306 to 307 AD, after the legalization of the Christian religion as a public hall and a church.
Michelozzo’s precise attention to proportion in the design of window spacing and the dimensions of each floor is directly related to the work of Brunelleschi as well as an acknowledgment of the ancient styles that were heavily influencing the art world at the time. These aspects of the design were also principally concerned with the outward appearance.
Wright was very conscious of the natural surrounding and worked wherever he could to encourage the idea that this is a natural outgrowth of the forest, perfectly suited to the living needs of another of nature’s creations – humans. An example of this is in the concrete trellis that stretches over the driveway to the house.
A Cathedral, for example, can represent an opportunity to introduce the ribbed vaults and flying buttresses in order to contemplate the “metaphoric possibilities inherent in vast expanses of glass” (Dupre 2001, p. 4). However, to the congregant, a church can mean a place of peace, where the communion with God is at its deepest.
Haussmann gave Paris a sense of harmony and aesthetic proportion. If the overall objective was to establish Paris as a leading city in Europe, he certainly achieved it. And, as a town planner, he exerted great influence not only in Paris but also as an inspiration for future urban planners around the world.
Despite the reality that Greek and Roman shape have extraordinary practically identical traits, it's far primary to choose the combos and the propensities where the Romans decided to transport their possessions. The five basic income were incredibly favored in each Greek and Roman structuring.
Thе development is а freеstanding towеr with 40 stories plus mezzanine, above ground, аnd one basement level. Thе towеr is circular on plan. Thе towеr diametеr variеs with height, thе maximum diametеr being at level 17. Between levels 2 аnd 28 thе majority оf thе оffice floors have 6 triangular light wells equally spaced around thе pеrimetеr.
The author states that most scholars believe that this megalithic monument dates back as early as 2500 BC to 2000 BC. According to A well known British Archeologist Christopher Chippindale, Stonehenge comes from the combination of two old English words “stan” or stone and the “human” which means “instrument of torture”.
The architect Nicholas Hawksmoor (1661-1736) a pupil of Sir Christopher Wren, was part of the new project. He incorporated the wonders of the ancient and Judeo-Christian worlds, based only on travellers’ accounts. The extremely ambitious proposal for fifty new churches stipulated a complex architectural program, as well as process of design review.
There are obstacles of good urban design: criticism of design principles by experts; economic factors in terms of land; political controversy; the need for a large and diversified market for homes and businesses; and traditional or Euclidian zoning which addresses land use only and not the form of the built environment (Thomas, 2003).
In architecture, the meanings of the building take on different definitions after they are constructed. While the intended purpose in constructing a building is an agreed-upon purpose among general members of the community, the associated meaning is the meaning that surfaces after its construction by the people that interact with the structure.
The author states that in each region and in each generation, architecture reflected prevalent conditions of climate, materials, building techniques, and social organization, but even more was it influenced by the historic national traditions of the peoples settling the new continent. There is a significant difference between the style and structure.
The author states that for many centuries the golden stupa or domed spire of the magnificent Buddhist shrine of Shwedagon has dominated the landscape of Yangon, which was earlier Rangoon. The pagoda enshrining the sacred hairs of the Buddha has been the spiritual symbol of the entire Burmese nation since the nineteenth century.
As to the Towers themselves, Islamic traditions, local ethnic arts and crafts, and localised needs are integrated into the floor plans and interior designs. The same design's perimeter also forms the exterior design conveys a sense of locale and Islamic traditions as well as help maximize space in a business hub where land is hard to come by.
The area of the land covered with buildings will be less than half the area of the plot. The new building is at least 20m from any highway or no nearer to any highway than the original building. No part of the extension is higher than 4 m and will not project above any part of the original building and will not be within 2 meters of a boundary.
The author states that the dynamic rituals and ceremonies permit the realization of these ideas through which the Hindu temple functions. The forms of Hindu architecture are fundamentally influenced by the rituals and ceremonies that are at the very core of the religious life of Hinduism as well as the more elusive ideas.
This report is one of a set of issues paper prepared as part of an investigation into the planning challenges existing in the development of property in Australia. The formulation of a range of issues following research into the role of the three key players in the development process in Australia in planning and property matters are dealt with here.
The author states that architecture is in most cases referred to as the process through which people come up with designs and construct buildings and other physical structures. Therefore, architecture can be said to be the service involving documentation of the details of a structure that usually involves coming up with drawings.
Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564) made a similar splash in his painting styles, including free-flowing movements, elegantly draped clothing and realistically rounded forms. His surviving full-size cartoon of Battle of Anghiari depicted a group of nude men in various states of alarm as they are informed of an impending attack.
To sum up, everything stated above it is necessary to point out that architecture is not the initial issue that forms the national culture, but rather the one that reflects it. British culture is a unique one in this sense. One can see the buildings that revive various epochs and eras in the development of the country.
Tea garden plays an important role in performing the tea ceremony, this ceremony is continuing for many years. The tea garden has two parts: the soto-roji (outer garden) and the uchi-roji, (inner garden). The outer garden consists of a waiting area where guests waits, and the inner garden where tea is served to guest.
Whilst the Persepolis portrays processions images of slaves or military triumph that are characteristic to the ideology of kingship in antique times, the Knossos palace has several shrines like the pillar scripts and lustral basins. Items recovered from the debris at Persepolis prove obedience as well as respect to the central government.
Modern architecture has developed through the years, transforming gradually to what is witnessed today. Towards the end of the 19th Century, American designers combined styles in "assorted" fashion, devoid of such worry for the origins of the styles. New building materials and technologies stimulated this developing experimentation.