At the beginning of the 19th century, though Britain “came to rule half of the world” economic disparities peaked. Thoughts of replacing the notion about architecture as the construction of buildings, with the concept of community architecture, began to emerge. British Museum was one among the last buildings that represented the old notion.
The author explains that indoor include public buildings such as civic centers, town halls, museums, transport facilities etc. External public spaces are areas that lie between private buildings and include squares, parks, and streets. Therefore the public realm includes both buildings and the spaces between them.
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In both developed and developing countries, governments and communities are realizing the need to apportion public funds and resources towards environmental protection and recovery. These conservation efforts differ within each country and region which requires appropriate allocation of substantive resources.
Throughout the era of cold war and post cold war till the country got unified there were several undercurrents that flowed in the society and dominated the thinking of the people. We need to understand the historical trends in the country and especially the city because we have to decide a distinct image or identity for the place.
As the paper highlights, the Middle East has for a while seen to have a vast potential for the development of solar powered energy production with its climate and weather, indicative of high insolation as well as a large tract of space ideal for the technology. Its potential will initially be showcased via the 10-megawatt solar park at Masdar City in Abu Dhabi.
The author states that while there are specific components which are able to identify what is pleasurable as well as whether the response will be positive or negative; however, there are also ideals of experimentation and innovation which can’t be predicted. Even though there are acceptable measures for pleasure, there aren’t measures for the innovations.
The Millennium Dome is the embodiment of the main objective of the UK Millennium Projects which is to present structures and endeavours that represents the success of the country throughout the century. Based on the statement presented by Prime Minister Tony Blair, the Millennium Dome represents the rise of the society in the face of difficulties.
According to the paper, the word ‘Renaissance’ itself means, literally, “rebirth” and it was applied to the ideas of artistic renewal that took place in this time period as the people of Italy and other nations began rediscovering the skill of the ancient world that represented for them a golden age of shared culture, reason, and creativity.
The architecture and art of the middle ages are conventionally distinguished into three periods of progression. The early Christian and Byzantine periods were from the 4th to the 10th century. The Romanesque period was from the 10th to the 12th century and the Gothic Period was from the 12th to the 15th century.
Through the twentieth century, New York City became, in many aspects, the capital of the world. It was well established at the turn of the century, but through its development in architecture, amongst other things, it distinguished its role for the decades to come. It was a pioneer in the expansion of skyscrapers and what represented urbanity
From this paper, it is clear that the Early Christian architect's looked to the Roman buildings of the time to find a suitable building for their needs. The idea of using the plans of Roman places of worship such as the temple was unacceptable on principle alone. For this reason, they choose another type of Roman structure.
Exponential development in information technology has led to the renaissance of architecture exemplified by renderings that are glossy and futuristic. The ease of manipulation of concepts in fabrication has been made possible through the availability of software. Digital processes have enabled new methods of architectural representation.
On February 10, 2008, in Seoul, South Korea, all the mass media showed breaking-news that captured the national treasure number one on fire. It was an unbelievable disaster and no one wanted to come to terms with it. The name of this gate in Korean is Namdaemun, a name given by the Japanese at the time of their colonization of Korea.
With the passage of time and introduction of new inventions, City hall has been under improvement during and after its completion in 30 years. Earlier electricity and later elevators were included in the original designs. There has also been an extreme political interference even before its construction continuing till its completion.
The author states that designing and developing a dwelling requires effective utilization of space, which is often the most important feature. Consumers continually demand larger homes spaces beside several other features that make homes habitable. This thus influences the selection of a construction location often considering the elements of nature.
Once these are dictated by the client to the consultant then the consultants initiate the designing phase. The consultant encompasses vast areas of construction technology, they include experts in architecture, structural engineers, electrical engineers and then the services engineers who are majorly concerned with the HVAC of the facility.
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, Book Report/Review
The theory of architecture takes its approach by exemplifying individual’s works which contributes to the historical description enabling the full understanding of architectural work. From an individual perspective, architectural theories have been found to exists severally with the general characteristics theories exists.
As the paper outlines, not only the architectural perfection of the Taj Mahal, but the story of its appearance attracts millions of tourists from different parts of the world. Its history bears a strong resemblance to the eastern fairy tale or legend. This mausoleum narrates about Shah Jahan's, the king of the Great Moguls, and about his tender love to his beautiful wife Mumtaz Mahal.
Penn himself suggested the name the Latin name of "Sylvania" for this place, which means land of woods, but King Charles of England amended it to “Pennsylvania” which means Penn’s woods, in order to pay great regards for Penn. In the honor of the founder of the city, a huge bronze statue of Penn is mounted over the top of city’s hall building.
The field of architecture deals with planning, designing and the construction of the structure. The entire process requires the creative manipulation of materials that need coordination and a lot of technological inputs. In the early modernization of architectural structure began with different styles of building having similar characteristics
Architecture is a specialized medium of visual arts that creates a different understanding of not only artistic works, but also of the community and perspectives that are respected within a given society. When defining a modern architecture, there is also the ability to create an alternative understanding of visual arts.
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, Research Paper
The aim of this report is to guide and advise our client with regards to the entire project. This is to be achieved by looking at the recommendations provided by all teams involved in the project. The recommendations have been broken down into all the stages involved in the completion of the project using the RIBA working plan.
This essay discusses that fire safety in all buildings is determined several factors; the provisions of ways and means of escape in the event of fire, the building’s ability to resist fire effects and to reduce on the spread of smoke and fire and the provision of ways of access to allow firefighters to initiate rescue and fight the fire.
From this paper, it is clear that IT can be used only as a tool and nothing more in the context of architectural competitions. In addition, one is not suggesting that sophisticated computers and software programmes can replace the invaluable experience, intuition, and feel of experienced professionals.
From this paper it is clear that the tectonic revolution in architecture during the nineteenth and twentieth century changed the way that buildings were planned, constructed and looked. There were changes in the materials used, planning methods, construction techniques and functional ideas of architecture.
The author states that changes in various societal facets are other factors that have created a need for change in the washrooms structures, within the Day Hall Structure for instance; heightened issues of personal privacy compelling students to demand private washrooms as compared to earlier periods where people used to share such washrooms freely.
The three themes: organic architecture, expressionism, and futurism are common to both Antoni Gaudi’s Casa Mila (1905-1910) a multi-family housing in Barcelona, Spain and Lloyd Wright’s Wayfarers Chapel (1949-1951) in Palos Verdes, California. The purpose of this research paper is to comparatively examine the common architectural themes.
The present research has identified that up to 70% of house builders normally prefer this traditional construction method. Brick and block construction is simply carried out by building a foundation followed by double cavity wall. This wall is unique in the sense that it comprises of a square manufactured internal skin and a block assembled external skin.
Buildings are not only erected to keep the occupants away from heat and rain, but many factors are considered which will make a building recognizable as a significant architectural design (O'Gorman, 14). Historically, builders would concentrate on the needs of the clients they are building houses for.
The cathedral belongs to the Catholic bishopric of Paris, meaning that the church contains the official chair and cathedra of the bishopric of Paris known as Andre Cardinal Vingt-Trois. The Notre Dame de Paris is considered to be one of the best displays of the French Gothic architectural designs in the world.
TThis project has shown signs of positive progress just as it was expected on its onset. The project has successfully adopted wider remits having an open development as a sustainability route of open source. The project implementation with regards to the embedding of the available resources into the final project is reaping rewards.
The paper examines the Defensible space theories which marked that home needed a design and layout that catered their needs and desires because modern ways of living changed to a great extent. Also, the researcher concludes that some of the societal issues that have led the architects to consider the difference in style. For instance, the crime rate rose to a great extent which resulted in creating homes that were territorially safe
From this paper, it is clear that the school utilizes the artificial lights to enlighten the inner building and utilize maintain the temperature by utilizing the electricity. All the classrooms have radiators that help maintain the temperature. The building of the school is an old patterned building that utilizes the immense amount of energy for all the systems.
Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, France, is an exemplary religious structure wherein people from different walks of life occasionally visit. Loosely translated in English as the Church of Our Lady, Notre Dame Cathedral has thirteen million visitors every year (“Notre Dame Cathedral”).
The author states that the impression created by the Lloyds bank building is one of patriarchal authority. Its ornate formality suggests the culture of the British Empire, following the method that Barthes used to decode the cultural meanings of a Japanese city. This is partly a function of its age, which can be seen in the weathered texture.
The building was designed by William Thornton, the same architect that designed the U.S. Capitol as noted by AIA (2014). The building was constructed between 1799 and 1801 and is found in 1799 New York Avenue, Washington DC. The building is three stories and features a circle, triangle and two rectangles in its plan.
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, Personal Statement
This discussion talks that well-versed architects are very important in this regard if culture is to be preserved and thus my keen interest in this field. Architects are also the builders of the environment or habitation in which the populace lives at a given time. When we have well-trained architects the contribution to the community is immense.
This paper focuses on the technical aspect of the Great Pyramid of Giza, an example of the Ancient Egyptian architecture. It looks on the design, form, blueprint, construction and culture that surrounds it. At the same time, a synthetic analysis of all the points raised to flesh out the intricacies of the said great wonder is provided.
New York City is the center of the modern world in terms of all aspects of the modern world including art, fashion, technology, education etc. Particularly among the art circle, the city continues to have a special place. Artists continue to take the city as their subject and come up with varying dimensions of the city- including its people, its architecture, its live etc.
The researcher states that the rooms have been designed to serve 2 purposes. Each room will be used either as a family home away from home or it can be converted to be a seminar room where learning can encourage 150 students with 150 chairs will replace the bed. Each room will have a projector screen so powerpoint can be used.
This essay states the minimalism and postmodernism in the architecture. When the demolition team activated the detonator they squashed not merely the Pruitt-Igoe housing but as well as, based on postmodernist description, the concluding pretensions to influence of a modernism that was denounced as rationally penniless and unproductive.
The Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, the building under consideration in this study, was chosen a National Historic Landmark in 1975. This building is one of the most celebrated works of the 19th-century architect, Frank Furness and has been called “one of the most impressive spaces in American architecture” by James O'Gorman.
The Sistine Chapel is recognized internationally as a treasure of Christian art, depicting scenes encompassing the time span of the Bible and linking the two major books of this holy document together in
The focus of this study is on Robert Venturi, architecture and expressionism movement. His book “Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture” primarily says that gray of real aesthetic experience is still in used until the modernist architecture and not the black and white idealization of perfection.
Although the achievements in architecture in both the Romanesque and Gothic time periods were religiously focused, the Romanesque church was focused around accommodating the great numbers of pilgrims whereas Gothic churches were a sense of pride for the town where they were located.
The Trinity Church in Boston, Massachusetts was built between 1872 – 1877. It was designed by the architect Henry Hobson Richardson for the Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts (AIA). It is located in the Back Bay of Boston. Richardson’s design of this church helped establish his reputation as on of the great architects in history.
This essay will focus in comparing two architectural objects in the middle ages, Romanesque churches and Gothic Cathedrals period. Periods were famous for the architecture designs rather than the famous art objects. Both the styles used during the period were from Europe. The middle ages in spite of the architectural styles being different.
This essay discovers the architecture of the city called Abu Dhabi, which is in Suadi Arabia. Now all the megacities boast a rich mix of culture yet maintaining the strong cultural integrity of its origin. Abu-Dhabi is one such city. Its continued rise in stature in the global community can be attributed to its ability to swim in the ebb and flow brought.
St Paul’s Cathedral is one of the most loved buildings in London. The structure has been ruling the city architectural beauty since three centuries and has been the best example of the relationship between architecture and math. Without St Paul’s Cathedral, London city would have been incomplete. The cathedral was not the initial idea.