The highly controversial issue of 'whiteness' has been subject of intensive public and scholarly debate in the U.K. and U.S. over the last decades. The recent rapid proliferation of publication dedicated to the theme is also impressive with hundreds of British, Australian, and especially American historians and scholars specialized in a variety of disciplines from law and sociology to pedagogic and cultural studies producing numerous article and books with such titles as Forever White, The Wages of Whiteness, The White Scourge, How the Irish Became White, How the British Working Class Became White, Making Whiteness, The Invention of the White Race, and Whiteness in Crisis (Bonnett, 1993, 1998
Thus it is important to plan for interpretation, and to constantly monitor and evaluate visitors' perceptions of this interpretation (McArthur, 1998; Uzzell, 1989). The interpretive plan or interpretative strategy will differ across heritage organisations, depending on the scale of operation and what is actually being planned for.
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The resource explores the scale of these climatic alterations on a global scale relating the phenomena to the escalating global population size, energy consumption as well as the intensity of land use. The scale of climatic modification triggered by various human activities is also done in relation to various factors which enlist international trade and travel.
A number of previous studies have reported a compromise of the conjunctiva during contact lens wear, presumably as a result of the direct mechanical effects of lens wear; these include conjunctival staining, hyperaemia, chemosis and folding, and an apparent depletion of the number of conjunctival goblet cells (inferred from impression cytology studies).
An interdisciplinary research in this field is important, because global warming is caused by many factors and has an impact on different spheres of our life. For instance, climate science is aimed to investigate the changes caused by global warming. Geology examines the impact of human activities (drilling) on climate.
Coming to the ergonomics aspect, it can be clearly said that the magazines score on the newspapers by a significant margin. It is a well-known fact that carrying a magazine is much easier than the newspapers. It is much more attractive than the newspapers. Also, the special pages used in the magazines make it much more convenient to hold
Scientists, policymakers, and laypeople are beginning to evaluate and understand the gravity of the situation and interpret data about environmental change in a new light: progressive, incremental degradation of environmental systems is not as tolerable as it once was, and to combat that, small time measures can only achieve so much.
This is a new field of accounting such that its focus is on how to measure the amount of investment the company has to put up in order to measure and communicate the costs from the company's use of raw materials and resources such as land, water, air and others.
In order for such a procedure to be done, two RAD51 targeting constructs that contained either neomycin or blasticidin first had to be prepared. Once these targeting constructs were prepared, the RAD51 neo constructs were transpected into DT40 cells, and heterozygous clones were isolated for the RAD51 gene.
Many feminist scholars argue that GIS is compromised as a source of critical perspective precisely because it is still imbued with the masculinist ideal that to gaze upon something is to give one power over it. GIS seems to have less of a future among the more politically radical elements of geography than among the more conservative elements.
We will also compare theoretical projections to experimental results, measuring how far off from the ideal a real cylinder approximating the condition of "thinness" is. We will examine how far our experimental thin cylinder strays from the ideal linear elastic isotropic we are assuming.
Thus, careful study of both the chemical composition of food and the micro-organisms, together with the genetics involved, can enable much more efficient sterilization of foodstuff through temperature control or combination strategies that is the main objective of study.
I was puzzled to find out that the vectors connecting the same two points (let's say QR and RQ) are not equivalent. How can it happen It seems so logical to assume that if two endpoints are the same, the segment between them is the same also. Can somebody help me with this issue
CREB is a transcription factor that allows regulation of gene expression mediated by cAMP-responsive signaling pathways that plays a key role in gene regulation, cell proliferation and differentiation (Brunetti, A., et al, 2000). Extracellular signals induce ligands to bind to cell membrane receptors and these, in turn, induce second intracellular messengers to relay signals through protein kinase pathways to CREB, which is resident in the nucleus (Euskirchen, G., et al, 2004).
Long term monitoring of slope stability is essential to ensure that the risk to personnel, equipment, buildings and other infrastructure located close to the toe or crest of a man-made slope can be properly managed.
In this study we will be able to show the influence of rainfall in the stability of natural slope such as hillsides and mountain.
The debate regarding cloning has been raging for over a decade. The argument is largely between science and religion. The very idea of cloning human embryos has initiated new laws, and even the bible has no reference to it; the Ten Commandments say “Thou shalt not kill,” but nowhere does it say, “Thou shalt not create.”
During the Quaternary, there have been occasions of higher temperatures occurring across the globe, temperatures comparable to and even higher than those we experience today. In truth, "the hallmark of the Quaternary is the repeated oscillation of the earth's global climate system between glacial and interglacial states" (Walker, 2005, p.
With respect to their structure, biochemists often refer to four different aspects:
Secondary structure, local interactions held together by hydrogen bonds between the lone pair of electrons of an oxygen atom and the hydrogen attached to a nitrogen atom.
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, Research Proposal
Since records have been kept of global temperatures, the ten warmest years ever have all been since 1990 (Blackwell). There is some debate as to the actual cause for this increase in temperature. However, a large part of the scientific community agrees that the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has contributed to this increased temperature.
The resistant strain, MRSA was first discovered in the United Kingdom in 1961 and is now widespread, particularly in the hospital setting where it is normally termed a superbug. The symptoms can range from skin boils to necrotizing fasciitis which is popularly known as "flesh-eating disease".
The first is the chronological distance between the historian and the time period being analyzed. Reconstructing the history of a culture that existed 5,000 years ago is a very different prospect to analyzing that of 500 years ago, which is again different from that of 50 years.
Subsidence may occur abruptly-virtually instantly-or gradually over many years. It may occur uniformly over a wide area as local depressions or pits separated by areas which have not visibly subsided. It happens most common in the sedimentary rocks over abandoned coal and clay mines.
This report consists of a review of the current trends in MEMS technology and an outline about the MEMS devices. Market analysis of MEMS applications and its future trends are also discussed.
"The MEMS is the batch-fabricated integrated micro-scale system (motion, electromagnetic, radiating energy and optical micro-devices/microstructures - driving/sensing circuitry -controlling/processing ICs) that: converts physical stimuli, events, and parameters to electrical, mechanical, and optical signals and vice versa; performs actuation, sensing and other functions; comprise control (intelligence, decision-making, evolutionary learning, adaptation, self-organization, etc.), diagnostics, signal pro
The classical examples are the analysis of finger prints; Blood stain investigations, identification of explosives, recorded sound and handwriting etc. But in recent past biological technique have taken center stage in identification of criminals over all other techniques and that is based on DNA composition of individual.
For example, the cell's outer membrane is a selective barrier. It is responsible for the transportation of certain chemical substances from a relatively disorganized environment into the more orderly cellular interior (McKee 2004, p.22).
Because membranes are selectively permeable, they retain certain compounds and ions within cells and within specific cellular compartments, while excluding others.
To this extent the chemical investigation of organisms or foods was facilitated. The importance of such chemical work for medicine and for the understanding of organismic functions was often recognized but it was a long way from a chemical analysis to an explanation of life processes.
Dispensing difficulties form an important part of this study. The various types of prescriptions which are difficult to fill and the consequent effect on the patient are analyzed. Pediatric dispensing difficulties are another area of concern.
Eye prescriptions are subject to change due to a variety of reasons.
According to the essay, gly has a vast pK range and can be covalently linked to the resin at any pH value. Glu has quite acidic isoelectric point (pI) (= 3.1), and for all reactions in aqueous solutions (Boc and DCCD derivatization) it is required to keep pH close to 3.0. Once Glu is linked, Lys has very alkaline pI (= 9.8).
Comparative Planetology is studying the similarities and differences of each of the planets, their moons, surface, asteroids, comets and contents to have a complete understanding about our solar system (Bennett, J., Donahue, M., Schneider, N., & Voit, M., 2004, The cosmic perspective, Chapter 8.1).
Genetic material can also be passed between un-related individuals (e.g. via Transfection, or on viruses). Genes encode the information necessary to construct the chemicals (proteins etc.) needed for the organism to function.
Parkinson's disease is one of a larger group of neurological conditions called motor system disorders.
Research tools are important in formulating logical thoughts and in supporting the conclusion of a study. Therefore, "subjectivity becomes the mark of objectivity, for it proves that the study is unadulterated by any aspects save those general to all spectators."
The paper also illustrates on how an interview will be prepared, how it progressed and finally the taking of notes during the interview. There are a number of considerations that are supposed to be taken into consideration before one schedule an interview.
The book Warming World rightfully mentioned that the entire world population is not equally concerned about it since the effects are not yet felt on some regions (Blowers, 7). People have different opinions about it primarily because of the differences in their situation.
Some researchers regard them as offering the greatest potential for the alleviation of human suffering since the development of antibiotics. Researchers claim that these cells may be used to replace or repair damaged cells, and they possess the potential to drastically change the treatment to many diseases.
He became a prominent and distinguished physician. He was a staunch supporter of division of pharmacy and medicine in the United States (Porter, 97). This paper seeks to analyze John Morgan and his contribution to pharmacy in the lights of broad and diverse academic resources.
Amphetamine and methamphetamine are powerful stimulants of the central nervous system.They are commonly used in pharmaceutical applications, either as metabolites of several therapeutic drugs or as such themselves. They are also often used as abuse drugs and as doping agents in sports.Differentiating between therapeutic and illicit use of AM and MA is essential.
This paper discusses the dangers of arsenate and arsenic in water and also describes the various technologies employed for arsenic removal including the use of nanoparticles. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) emerges as one of the most promising agent to be used with other nonmaterials due to its unique mechanical, electrical, optical and thermal properties which takes it one of the most ideal supporting material for nano-coatings.
The FDA requires examining the efficacy of the drug thru well-controlled trials, the effectiveness of the drug should be determined and the safety of the drug to be developed is checked before approving the medication for market. The Drug Development Process includes 12 steps;
"Scientists and farmers have been genetically modifying plants for hundreds of years," he says. Hybrid corn and tangelos (hybrid of a tangerine and grapefruit), for example, are the result of genetic modification through traditional methods of plant breeding.
Air pollution is dangerous to our health and long term exposure to air pollution can shorten our life. Early exposure to air pollutants can slow down development and growth of the lungs in children. In London, air pollution is decreasing over the years due to several steps taken by the government to minimize air pollution.
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, Book Report/Review
The basic meaning of the word "Innovation" is rooted in the Latin word novare, which means 'to make new', from novus or 'new'. Innovation can therefore basically mean 'something newly introduced, such as a new method or device' (Collins, 1991, 798).
Innovation was first mentioned sometime in the 15th century, the age of exploration characteristic of the Renaissance marked by the discovery of many new things in geography, science, politics, religion, and in the arts.
This is why food is made to be visually appealing as much as they ought to appeal to a person's sense of taste. One of the most common methods of utilizing this appeal comes in the colors foods are presented to us.
The title of the project will be Smarties Chromatography and the main objective will be to identify the colors that make up Smarties candies and to identify the corresponding chemicals that are used for these colors.
Urinary tract damage and other cancers have been linked to the intake of aristolochic acid as well as kidney damage and kidney failure which requires dialysis or worse, kidney transplantation . Therefore, this makes aristolochic acid both nephrotoxic and carcinogenic .
This is the same way and approach that can be applied in the understanding of forensic anthropology. To understand forensic anthropology it imperative that one understands what forensic involves and after that move on to understand what anthropology is all about.
The basic theory of finite element analysis is the same regardless of the type of analysis being done. The geometry being modeled will always be divided up into smaller divisions known as elements and the elements are connected together to form the finite element mesh.
A general linear regression model was postulated and evaluated.
Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
Underground leakage usually directly mixes with underground water and in this case, it has happened for sometime. Gasoline is a petrol-derived mixture and is inflammable. It has hydrocarbons, and benzene. It is produced in oil refineries, and has between 5 and 12 carbon atoms per molecule.
In the United Kingdom, hydrography has a long history since the British were always a sea-faring nation with easy access to the sea and with little alternative for trade and commerce with other nations than by the sea. King Charles 2 appointed Captain Grenville Collins as the 'Hydrographer to the King' as far back in time as 1683 (Mason, 2007).
Subsequent natural use of these phosphates, by plants for example, and the artificial channeling of river, stream, or ocean water (by man) to irrigate crops, bring the washed-off phosphates into the living ecosystem. This living ecosystem consists of growing plants, living animals, and human beings in their inter-influence.