The war on drugs has implied harsh punishment on persons found either using or selling drugs, ignoring the level at which it is practiced, as is the case with high-school children looking to earn some extra money to support their families. Furthermore, persons incarcerated for minor drug trafficking find it difficult to get employment having being convicted. This leads them to refining the skills they already have in drug trade (Becker and Murphy, 2013). Established in the 1970s by President Nixon, the war on drugs has resulted in devoting of substantial government resources to law enforcement and criminal justice processes.
However in some cases there exist equal right of ownership and usage of the same property. The co-owners may use the property simultaneously but no should interfere with the right of use for the other co-owner.2 The law of property helps to determine the right of each individual in property where conflict of interest exists, and also helps to determine the extent to which the owner of the property can utilize that property without breaching the rights of others who may have interest in the same property.
Hire a pro to write a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
The SEC as a regulator, mandates public companies to divulge relevant “financial and other information to the public” so that investors can retrieve the said basic facts and use the same to decide on whether they would “buy, sell, or hold a particular security” (SEC, n.d.).
Constitutional safeguards provided by the 4th, 5th, and 6th Amendments The fourth, fifth and sixth amendments to the US constitution outline various constitutional safeguards that American citizens enjoy in both juvenile and adult court proceedings. The amendments focus on certain safeguards such as a speedy trial, the accused person’s right to counsel, the Miranda Warnings, the exclusionary rule among others as well as exerting a significant impact on the day to day judicial processes in both juvenile and adult courts (David Andrew Schultz 2009).
Numerous laws have been framed in the past to control the challenge of terrorism, which has grown to become a global challenge as against a specific country’s challenge. The formulations of these legislations usually follow the cases, as they are experienced therefore having no set of universally acceptable legal framework to work wholly against the terror attacks.
The group was formed after they had seen the conditions at the prison deteriorate to such a degree that there was a massive public outcry. Since then correctional facilities reform has been an on-going process, with challenges and successes that this process has endured over a long time.
7 pages (1750 words)
, Download 1
, Research Paper
Weapons whose use is classified as deadly force include but are not limited to bladed weapons, vehicles, explosives, and firearms. Sometimes, aggressive use of non-weapons like a baseball bat is also deemed as deadly force. Police forces are granted the right to use the deadly force when the subject in question serves as an immediate danger to others.
Legal reform is an inevitable part of the development and evolution of law to meet existing needs and expectations amongst people of a given society. Legal reform is a fundamental aspect of changes in society. It often involves explicit changes in particular laws and these are done by a public authority and sanctioned for use in courts.
The international law binds nations in the world and provides a platform in which different countries can form treaties, usually termed as agreements or conventions that helps them to partner in business or various economic aspects. Oman is a pure Monarch where the Sultan, king, holds all the power and is responsible for formulating all legal relations in the state.
The English legal system is a system of law that is practiced in England. This kind of system is practiced in most of the commonwealth countries. The English legal system recognizes homicides and continues to explain that for a case to be rated as a homicide, there must be a person who is dead and the death of that person came as a result of an act by another person (Jason 1997, p.
The author states that the second issue of alteration of position of brackets that are already fixed. The contractor does not have the capacity to refuse the Architect of any redo of work or variation in the design, until the contractor has been issued a completion certificate or in case the work ordered by the CA/Architect is out of his authority.
Police corruption in the police departments is not a very new issue of discussion. It has always been in existence since the beginning. Just to flashback to only seventy years back in the 1920s and the 1930s, there are very many incidents of police officers looking past the prohibition violations for a payoff.
Jeremy Bentham’s idea is that by excluding evidence adverse to the defendant/accused under some pretext or other, justice should not be denied to the plaintiff/complainant. The reverse can also be the case. Jeremy Bentham lays down certain principles as a standard of reference or as a guide for practice.
In any relationship between both the employer and the employee there exists an agreement in terms of duty performance by the employee while he/she receives a control directly or indirectly from the employer. When an employee is given a duty to perform by the employer, it is expected that he shall perform it diligently by following the laid down instructions and/or procedures.
But with the passage of time things changed as we witnessed the era of renaissance, marked by the progress and development of man from an animal to a social animal. Though the times have changed but still, the struggle continued. Indeed the subjects changed, the barriers transformed and the roles in the society revolutionized but still man kept on striving for freedom and independence.
This law makes retailers responsible for providing country of origin labeling for unprocessed food items such as beef, pork, and lamb (U.S. International Trade Commission, 2010, pp.5-8). At the same time, this law gives exemption to processed meats. In September 2008, The United States Congress expanded the provisions of the COOL law.
The devolved government in the United Kingdom, which has been active for the last ten years, has the role of overseeing the working of the system. However, the responsibility of the department has been divided and unsettled (House of Commons 2009). The scheme is bound to fail or a reversion to a union state or it will end in a federal United Kingdom due to its unevenness and incompleteness.
These values are universal, based upon logical reasoning and are independent of religion, culture and nations. In simple words, ethics are the do’s and don’ts which depict quality and standard for a better living. Ethics are needed to be followed in every mode of life as these are of extreme consideration and importance.
The early city planners were concerned with security factors, and cities were specially planned to allow for the fortification of a city. A closer look at the oldest cities in the world indicates that fortification of cities was very important.
In the UK, the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act has been introduced in the year 2000, which defines covert human intelligence source as a person who “establishes or maintains a personal or other relationship” of a secret nature for facilitating information or to “provide access to information” or “covertly disclose information” to another person
The British legal system analysed the issues raised within these cases and delivered its judgements. The applicants, however, sought further redress of the issues within the European Court of Human Rights, following dissatisfaction with decisions made within the British courts (Tomschat 2009).
In the present situation, the parties are identified as Motor Co. and Global Company. As part of records, the financial history of the company has always been so important in knowing the financial credibility of trustworthiness of the parties. Both parties have some level of credibility in the fact that their companies are duly registered under the appropriate authorities.
Many states adopted their first obscenity laws in 1820s till late 1830s. The first federal law on obscenity was passed in 1842. In the wake of civil war, the government was actively prosecuting obscenity and in 1873, a new strict law was developed and adopted by the congress.
As a motherland to most of the modern democracies nations’ constitutions, its un-codified form has remained the same, but with continued development. When the forefathers of the United States borrowed a lot of legal matters from ancient superior England, they saw the need to codify the established their constitution for purposes of coherence.
In this light, reform of inheritance laws has caused intensive scholarly and political debates. Acting as an executor sometimes poses a big challenge to people. Executors are normally called upon to settle the estate of the deceased and are, therefore, charged with the responsibility of making critical, timely and life changing decisions relating to distribution of deceased person estate to the beneficiaries.
White-collar crimes normally take place within a business and can involve embezzlement, lying, cheating, fraud, or blackmail. The individual uses resources that their business has to offer to allow them to achieve whatever their crime is, though they mainly involve money or stealing items or services to sell illegally to others.
CaseNo.3:04-CV-254-KRG-KAP, Paul Leonard suffered a fatal attack at his workplace while Klewinowski in case two was induced coma for eight days and sustained numerous fractures and a broken pelvis in the construction area. They both accuse their employees of negligence and manufacturers of the tools they were using at the time the accident occurs.
The research includes determining the police department’s anti-bullying role, within the school environment. The police can implement several measures to prevent, reduce, and/or minimize the threat/impact of bullying in schools in the community. The best police defense against bullying is to allow police visibility within the schools.
The defendant submits that the complainant should be dismissed pursuant to Section 2-619 of the Illinois Code of Civil Procedure. The defendant claims that there is an absence of subject matter jurisdiction as the plaintiff lack standings. He adds that the court should abstain from offering a decision that might invade the outlines in the Section 2-619 of the Illinois Code of Civil Procedure.
United Nations defined terrorism in 1992 as a method which inspires to perform the violent actions repeatedly by any organization, group or even by an individual for any personal political or criminal purposes.
Protection of privacy is vastly protected as a right expressed in Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) (property and private life) and the Data Protection Act (information). In other words, only when rights to privacy are infringed will the claimant have a right claim for invasion of privacy.
Why the decision to strip Lance Armstrong of his titles is wrong? On August 24, 2012, the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) wiped out the 14 years of Armstrong’s racing career that includes the seven Tour de France titles after concluding that he used illegal substance.
Criminal theories are fundamental in understanding the persistence of crime and the counteractive actions. Social control theory focuses on the behaviors that children develop as they interact with their parents.
According to the paper, consumers who have purchased goods and services through mail order outlets in any member state shall have the right to withdraw unilaterally from the contract within 15 days of the date of placing the order by giving notice to the supplier. Within 7 days of receiving such a notice, the supplier shall make a full refund.
In the 16th century, criminal activities attracted public events that were intended at shaming the criminal through whipping and sometimes handing. During the 17th century, prison was any place that the offenders were held while awaiting the punishment.
Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Policy Paper Disability has been accredited for being a major cause for concern in the employment sector especially where employee rights are violated based their incapacitation. Disability is caused by various factors that can be natural or man made.
This includes information which is sent through phone calls, emails with photographic information attached, and other information sent to the police. Fusion centers can also accommodate incoming information but it does take the right knowledgeable people to know how to utilize research skills and analyses to get the bigger picture.
Battered women’s syndrome has been considered and used in issuing verdicts. This is partly due to being accepted as admissible. However, as in the cases of children, there is a lot left to be desired. There is no scientific evidence admissible to the scholars in the field that has been presented in the cases.
SA, The Rafaela, S. Facts: A shipment of printing equipment was shipped to the Plaintiff in the US from an English destination. The shipment was damaged in transit abroad the defendant’s ship. A bill of lading had not been used and the parties had agreed that the transaction would be regarded as subject to a straight bill of lading identical to a form used previously.
The word “charity” is connoted from a Latin word “caritas,” which means care. Generally, a charity signifies generosity towards needy and poor people. However, the legal meaning of the word, “charity” is much wider. It includes other purposes for the welfare of the community as a whole.
Organized crimes are those groups or gangs that are said to be run by criminals and are highly centralized. These criminals run such organizations so that they can carry out illegal activities and gain monetary profit from them. These organizations sometimes force the others to work with them for their benefit in the name of “protection” which would actually be extortion.
Hate crime can occur against anyone, irrespective of his or her racial, religious or any other affiliation. Here again, I wish to assert that it is the perception of a person that leads to hate crime, and not the victim’s affiliation. Hate crimes are triggered by circumstances that range from local to the national and international levels.
Also, in many cases, the authorities are given training regarding the correct the use of force. They are also made aware of the legal punishments that could be imposed on them for unethical use of force. So, this paper will focus on the above discussed issues, which surround and concern the ethical use of force.
Given their noble duty and calling of serving the people, then, one would expect that policemen would do their utmost to live up to the high expectations society has of them. Equally, if not more important, is that those in charge of the police force have the responsibility of ensuring that only the most competent and morally upright candidates are absorbed into their ranks.
Such a connection dates back to the time of Great Depression in 19301. Similar is the case of global meltdown of 2008-09. These are supposed to be the price paid for central banks’ improper actions and banking sector’s engagement in speculative activities.
It is also charged with the responsibility of ensuring that the security of the travelling public is upheld at every level of the transportation undertakings. This means that the TSA agency manages all levels public transport, from mainland to air transport modes and means, the primary purpose being to ensure safety and security of travellers.
7 pages (1750 words)
, Download 2
, Research Paper
Some situations may involve weapons or other hazardous materials. In all these instances, coordinated responses and actions are required by law enforcement officers to arrest the situation, protect lives and property and restore normalcy. These incidents may be predictable for example during the Super Bowl or emergencies which were totally unexpected such as a drugs incident, multiple accidents, a terrorist attack or a hurricane.
In a business setting, there are various stakeholders including shareholders, customers, and clients. In this respect comes the issue of ethics in a business, and its implications of legal and business decision making.
ion during humanitarian crises and armed conflict.3 The most relevant international instruments in this regard are the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and the Additional Protocols.
First, the paper looks at the historical background and federal financials of NCJRS. Then it delves into the different sections, services and resources found under it while citing the relevant web links where necessary. The paper then finally looks at a critical appraisal of the NCJRS which is tainted with criticism of the system as it stands today.