The United States federal government has set up control legislations and laws to strengthen and enforce the prohibition against the importation, ownership, transportation and use of automatic or semi-automatic assault rifles/weapons (Gaines & Kappeler, 2011). Assault rifles are semi-automatic and designed with military features.
The issue of shareholders and their rights come in because Mary and Joseph are seeking this explanatory memorandum in their capacities as shareholders of the company, who have a feeling that they have been treated unfairly. In the present explanatory memorandum, one major public UK regulation is going to be used, which is the Companies Act 2006.
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Further, one can also become a resident after being in Australia for more than half of the income year and if he/she is an overseas student who enrols to study a course lasting for more than six months. 1. An Indian IT consultant who accepts a four month contract of employment in Australia between January 2013 and April 2013 and a further two month contract in June and July 2013 and returns to India.
For instance, let us assume we are talking of a jungle/ environment rich in natural minerals such as oil, gold fluorspar etc. First, I need to understand to what extent are these minerals distributed in this jungle and how large is this jungle in terms of size because we can be talking of a jungle of more than 100000 square kilometers which cannot support human settlement due to its exploitation activities and/or the environmental risks that turn people away from settling in this jungle; this rules out the population size of 5000 people in our question.
I will highlight the disciplinary action that the officer who has shown misconduct will face and its intended purpose. By the end of the essay I will have efficiently identified, analyzed and explained a workable disciplinary action a police supervisor would take upon an officer who has shown traits of misconduct.
The license gives permission to the licensee as an element of mutual agreement between the two parties. It includes the permission and the record or document showing the permit. The licensor authorizes the licensee to use the licensed material. Some authorities may issue out license to allow an activity that would otherwise not be allowed.
In a capitalist society, the employers try to take every possible measure to keep labour costs low. Labour law provides protection to labours from exploitation. In this process, there is a myriad of issues to be dealt with. One of the key issues is that of gender inequality.
However, underlying difference between an invitation to treat and an offer leaves some uncertainty as to which and when a contract is legally binding. One must be in a position to determine whether an offer or invitation to treat exists. According to Helewitz (2010), a contract is considered to be valid and legally binding when it has the elements of offer, acceptance, consideration as well as the manifestation of the parties to create a relationship which is legal and binding.
Ideally the contracting parties must have entered into an agreement which happens when one party makes an offer and the other party accepts such offer. The tenets of common law provide that a contract is binding only when supported by a consideration and not a promise.
There are various sorts of police corruption acts; one is the corruption of authority where police officers are given free items by the suspects. Secondly, there is the act of opportunistic theft from the suspects and the victims of a criminal act.
When the offer is accepted and there is a consensus, a contract is established. The consensus of a contract is based on the terms of the offer and acceptance of the consideration. This, therefore, means that a contract is discharged with the terms being the reference point and guide for the execution of the contract.
According to the research findings, the Court uses every possibility to save a convicted person from execution. Recently, the Supreme Court halted the execution of Cleve Foster, convicted of 2002 rape and murder. And it was for the third time his execution had stayed. This case also strengthens the assumption that the Court tends to completely abolish death penalty someday.
Therefore, the best action to take in dealing with the capital offenders should not be death penalty. This will give room for reformation of these law breakers. In addition, human beings make laws and it is in such a way that they can be redesigned to enhance democracy in the whole world.
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This essay discusses that like every other department, the administration and management of the police department is the most important part as all the other divisions of the department are controlled by it and are ultimately dependent upon it for the shaping up the strategies and methods of their implementation.
The responses of the seller would be also examined focusing especially on the fact whether the seller met all the requirements set by the Sale of goods Act of 1979. Harry has declared to the seller his intention to buy a particular table, along with a chair, which should also have specific characteristics, in accordance with the purchase order that Harry gave to the seller (Sivesand 2005).
It is evident from the study that the scandal happened because of the inefficient and unethical practices of the Enron’s top management particularly its accounting department in liaison with the consultant accounting firm, under the ‘mute’ supervision of its CEO. This mistake led to the entire company collapsing and unfortunately affecting the employees and other stakeholders.
Terrorism is a violent act is defined as a politically premeditated violence done against noncombatant targeting subnational groups of clandestine agents. Anti-terror experts refer terrorist groups as an organization with subgroups that threatens public safety and national security in a country.
Distribution agreement is a contract between a manufacturer and a supplier, with terms of the distribution and sale of the products manufactured. The agreement also includes the terms concerning advertisement of the product. The Treaty on the Functioning of European Union 101 (TFEU) was proposed to ensure more efficient enforcement of the (EU) European Union competition systems in the importance of the customers and businesses.
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Objectives…………………………………………………………………………………4 4. Type of agreement that Urbania should enter for continued development and production from the Western plateau region after the expiry of the concession…………………………………………………………………………………5 4.1 Risk management…………………………………………………………………….
A state offers legal protection and expects the individual to give back through committing onto state obligations. Through this, state poses jurisdictions the subject while he/she is accorded protection. Subjects are obliged to entitlement of privileges provided by virtual of belonging.
Digital technology developers make peer-to-peer networks,which enable people to obtain the same works without paying.Acquiring the works with this method is similar to stealing,as per copyright law,hence it is must to reaffirm,and even extend,copyright law to criminalise the use of networkers who copy others’ work.
Today, crime rates have soared in both index and property crimes resulting from poverty, drug addiction and social pressures. The public wants their local government officials to exert all efforts to protect them and make their neighborhoods safe from these criminals.
When all is said and done, the current criminal justice system is about as fair and effective as we can reasonably expect". Comment on this with reference to strengths and/or weaknesses of the Australian Criminal Justice System.
The effectiveness of the Australian criminal justice system has been a debatable issue to or not to fulfill the reasonable aspirations of the people from it.
This is why the role of different parties participating during the trial is also of great significance. Given that a judge is the one to announce the final decision regarding the case, one should bear it in mind that a judge cannot keep an offender in jail longer than prescribed in the local and federal laws.
Progressively, the global markets recognized the need of change in the modes of transport as well. Traders observed that carriage of goods by the sea is more beneficial, for this method is cost effective and raises little threats to the environment. Recently, a new concept called short sea shipping has been introduced which would amplify the movement of goods by sea.
The author states that courts in England have not yet prepared to prescribe exactly what can be regarded as fraud. It is to be noted that the Serious Fraud Office (SFO) which was formed on the recommendation of the Roskill Report in 1984 had not taken into account the offense of fraud but recognized on an evocative manner.
Although America’s correctional system provides a number of considerable benefits to the society, there also exist some key issues, which need to be dealt in order to make the system more effective and beneficial for the society. Overcrowding Overcrowding is one of those issues, which is affecting the overall performance of the American correctional system.
A Correlation Analysis of the Effect of Unemployment on Rape Research question/hypotheses Research Question: Is there a relationship between rape and unemployment? Null Hypothesis: There is no statistically significant relationship between the rates of rape and unemployment.
Selections of some peer studied articles were included to support some assertions on genetic domination. Books were also used as other sources of information. The strength and weaknesses of genetic claims were likewise discussed in which some examples are given.
In publishing his book, Principles of commercial law, Ian (2001) argued that contract involving sale of land like any other contract focus on creating a legal obligation through writing, but one of the most complex contracts. The common law defines a sale of goods contract as conformity to transfer the possession of goods or assets at an agreed price or contemplation, from the seller to the buyer, who becomes the new owner of the goods (Ian, 2001:78).
In addition, the paper will analyze various controversies that surround the issue of stem-cell research and analyze the merits and demerits of stem-cell research. The paper will conclude with an elaborate conclusion bearing personal view with regard to the stem-cell research.
Lately, despite the historical importance of the system of trial by jury, it has been facing a good deal of criticism. The detractors of the jury institution feel that this entire system is a form of solecism, leading to a waste of public funds, and exploited by criminals for their own benefit.
It revolves around the debates among the constitutional representative government and cannot be viewed as a “question of law”. The process which involves a complex series of steps and procedures, is a remedy for the political bodies by which they express their intolerance towards the President or other civil officers, for disregard to their duty, misconduct or breaching some kind of public trust, without any intervention from the judicial or presidential entity and exercise the authority of removal of that officer from the public trust position.
The issues of public safety and children’s health preservation are taken into account in terms of these regulations after 90s till nowadays. With respect to the role public concerns play in the modern context of outdoor businesses, recent developments in the UK legal system are correlated with tort law principles and regulations.
Ideologically, it is founded on the idea of giving concrete and sustained effect to local democracy, relegating greater discretionary power to the people rather than concentrating the decision-making in the central government. The localism agenda as envisioned in the UK is institutionally linked to the Big Society Agenda.
al risks in order to obtain protection for investment.3 In fact, there are different standards of protection which BITs usually include some of them, as in the case of fair and equitable treatment, full protection and security, most favoured nation treatment and umbrella clause.
Sentencing: It is the judicial decision or a formal court judgment pronounced upon someone who is adjudged guilty of criminal proceedings and the punishment that is imposed. It is a well thought out, final act which declares the charged person's period of imprisonment, punishment or fine etc.
Research illustrates that harmonization does not entail adoption of single set of rules, but instead implies wide range of ways in which differences in legal concepts in different jurisdictions are accommodated 1. Harmonization controls the condition of conducting trade according to familial rules of domestic international trade law.
The fears generated from criminal activities restrict people their basic freedom in participating in community activities. In every community, there some people who are very vulnerable to crime and crime related fears. Women, children, and old people are severely affected by criminal activities (Stack 6).
Ironically, one of the intellectual creations of Sir Tim Berners-Lee while working at CERN challenged the very grounds upon which the intellectual property law now stands. The creation of World Wide Web gave way to the creation of Internet that not only figuratively but literally changed the way intellectual property can be copied, exploited, commercially used, misrepresented, stolen, misappropriated and infringed.
Based on the case, the Queen’s division held that a violation of the basic human rights of the claimants had been committed. The claimants included four Nigerian ladies. The conclusions were reached on the basis of the provisions of the articles 3 and 4 of the ECHR (European Convention on Human Rights).
Thanks to the improved transport and communication system1. Countries coming together in regional economic regions and organizations contributed largely to international commercial exchange. Law was greatly required for the sake of cooperation and development in the market.
For a contract to be valid certain terms have to be met by law. One of the most used terms in law is consideration and this is meant to give meaning contracts. Consideration is one of the tenets of the contract law. Consideration in most cases is referred to as promise given in return for something.
In the development of ethical decision-making, there are various stages. They include pro-conventional, conventional, and the post-conventional stages (Coon, 1986). These stages were invented by a researcher named Lawrence Kohlberg. According to Kohlberg, these three ethical decision-making stages are critical in all religions (Coon, 1986).
With enough prove of defendant’s negligence the claimant can easily win the case but can also lose if the evidence against the same is not credible enough. Claimants suffering from psychiatric injury caused by negligence have hard it rough while establishing trying to establish liabilities to the defendants.
That the bioethics committees play an important role in the administration of healthcare services is also confirmed by the decisions and recommendations that these committees make. The gravity of the roles discharged by bioethics committees was best grasped by attending a meeting that was chaired and attended by a local hospital’s bioethics committee and an interview that involved the chairman of the bioethics committee.
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In the context of stop and search investigations, it occurs when “the police use race or ethnicity as a factor in determining whether to stop someone.” (Worall, 2011). The foundations of criminal profiling Despite the United States being known as the country where racial discrimination is abhorred and any form of hate crime is penalized, racial profiling remains to be a prevalent practice by agents of the state.
The judicial system is crucial in a country as it facilitates the application of justice in the society, and it helps punish the law breakers. Verdicts passed by the jury, or the judge over a criminal activity should be consistent with the applicable elements of the law with regard to the offense committed by the culprit.
The author states that one of the major issues that police forces is the complaints relating to incidents of police brutality, which are in fact hindering them from honestly performing a professional and fair enforcement of their duties. He claims that police officers need to be bestowed with more powers depending on the circumstances of the crime.
Hopwood delivered the first trial on the basis for affirmative action in higher education since the early 1970s. He delivered a comprehensive appellate opinion of exceptional breadth, excluding of race within admissions. Hopwood v. Texas represents the first successful legal challenge to a university’s affirmative action policy.