This paper “Simulation in Nursing” investigates the importance of simulations in obstetrics education aimed at minimizing prenatal hemorrhage, as well as analyzes the impacts of simulation and its benefits in obstetrics education…
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Based on these approaches, they state that simulation should entail techniques used to represent direct replication of the original object for purposes of detailed learning of the same object; for instance, the exposure of some vital parts which cannot otherwise be seen or studied using the real phenomenon (Larew, sessions, Spunt, Foster, & Covington, 2005). As Jha, & Bates (2001) note, simulation technique has made it easy for medical practitioners to acquire adequate hands on skills in providing adequate medical care to all patients seeking services. It has helped in building all round experts capable of handling various complications in the medical field with minimum errors compared to those made in the past. Extreme complications for instance excess hemorrhaging in mothers giving birth, occasionally resulting into deaths have been arrested. Minimizing perinatal hemorrhaging is the main agenda behind the introduction of simulation in medical education since it is the major source of death in delivering mothers (Adams, 1999; Alspach, 1995). This paper investigates the importance of simulations in obstetrics education aimed at minimizing prenatal hemorrhage, as well as analyzes the impacts of simulation and its benefits in obstetrics education. Introduction Excess hemorrhaging can cause death of mothers if not stopped soon after birth. Much blood is even lost in cases of caesarean deliveries where a c- section has to be cut as compared to cases of normal birth (Benner, 1984; Adams, 1999; Kahol K., 2009). There is, therefore, a great need for delivering mothers to be prevented from loosing a lot of blood during and after birth. It is estimated that about 140,000 deaths occur annually with 1 woman losing life every four minutes due to OB hemorrhage (American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 1998). Between 1995-1999 maternal mortality due to OB hemorrhage in the United States of America was 14%, leading to the second cause of death in the region, cardiomyopathy 21% (American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 2002). The majority of these deaths is however reported to be 93% preventable if care providers had been more vigilant, recognized the risk and symptom to intervene early (Benner, 1984; Seymour et al, 2002). This is actually in line with the WHO report in 2007 on OB hemorrhage which indicates that OB hemorrhage is one of the most preventable causes of maternal mortality. Driven by the dire need for immediate attention and response to such vital conditions, most institutions have resorted to using simulation techniques to train nurses and gynecologists in the field of obstetrics. Benner, Hooper-Kyriakidis, & Stannard (1999) point out that simulation education is currently becoming the most preferred mode of education and training in most institutions offering training for nurses and gynecologists. Different kinds of simulators have been identified for use by various institutions and training organizations. As a result, the chances of survival among mothers giving birth have been increased over the last few years (Adams, 1999; Case, 1995).
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According to the paper simulation prepares the trainees for unexpected medical events and medical emergencies. Simulators are of various kinds; in their most common form they are available as different anatomical parts, computer programs and life size mannequins. In their most modern form the mannequins are fitted with sensors and provide instant feedback to the learner. This enables the trainees to correct their mistakes immediately instead of waiting for the instructor to tell them where they went wrong.
Municipal solid waste (MSW) consists of many different things including food and garden waste, paper and cardboard, glass, metals, plastics and textiles. These are also generated by commercial and industrial organizations although large volumes of chemical and mineral waste are produced in addition, depending on the sector.
These are the few types of simulation. Going by this definition we comprehend that simulation in nursing tutoring has been present for a long time. This includes the use of oranges to perform subcutaneous as well as intramuscular injections; using a static manikin to learn CPR; the insertion of Foley catheters inside a manikin in a scientific lab structure and even position in concert major psychological disorders in addition to communique skills in psychological health.
The Advantages of Including Clinical Simulation in Nursing Education. The great philosopher, Aristotle, once said, “What we have to learn to do, we learn by doing”. This quote has become the motto of many people especially those involved in Education. Although most people have been raised to learn things by listening to a teacher’s lecture, observing others or doing pencil and paper tasks to record learning, experiencing learning first-hand is still the best learning approach.
The main purpose of applying simulation for any project to is to reduce the risk of the problems that the new system may bring about to the entire project and may bring the entire business to a standstill because the new operation was not tested beforehand.
Simulation is the use of an act in a bid to explain the aspects of another different act by means of representation emulation and imitation. In nursing and other health care professions simulation can be used to perform four major functions which include training/education, assessing to trainees.
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Using the simulation is the new way to refine and develop the nursing skills.
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s employees to specific project teams when special projects are contracted and then reassigns them back to the organization once the project is completed (Answers, 2009). The organization that regulates and sets standards for the profession is the Project Management Institute.
It analyses the ethical dilemma that Merck’s pharmaceutical company is facing and suggests a policy that can be taken up in favor of the company and its stakeholders.
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