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The fourteenth amendment of the United States of America constitution was adopted as one of the reconstruction amendments, in July 9th 1868. The amendment sought to address the rights of citizens and equal protection before the laws to all persons, either born or naturalized in the US. This included former slaves who had just been freed.
A constructive trust is declared by reference to the conduct and common intent of the parties. Although not always clear, it can be created by indirect payments or by making improvements to the value and condition of the property of another. Lord Diplock defined the circumstances in which a trust will be implied by operation of law.
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This study focuses on two arguments any gun control debate typically focuses on. The argument favored by those who advocate outlawing ownership of handguns is supported by the theory that a restriction on gun ownership reduces gun related crimes. Arguments against gun control laws are predicated on the theory that it deprives innocent victims of a formidable defense mechanism.
Criminal laws that protect animal rights are aimed at preserving species and ecological justice. The term species justice refers to the right of animals and other species of non-humans to guard themselves against human abuse and cruelty. As such it is essential to guarantee animal rights through appropriate legislation and enforcements.
The Fourth Amendment is the aspect of the United State’s Constitution which was created to protect a citizen’s privacy. Belton believed that his Fourth Amendment rights had been violated by this police officer who found cocaine and marijuana in the jacket that was inside the car when the driver was stopped for speeding(“New York v. Belton”).
ng techniques, to proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues such as crime, social disorder, and fear of crime” (Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), n.d., par. 1). The basic components of community policing were identified as:
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, Research Paper
The law describes nuisance as public or private depending on the case it attracts. Private nuisance occurs when the comfort and convenience of a person who rightfully owns the land they possess occurs for a continuous period of time. This nuisance is a
Consequently, special needs, mentally ill, and substance abusing prisoners contribute to overcrowding in our prisons presently. Meanwhile, these prisoners have rights that need to be protected. More importantly, their case as belonging to special offender populations
Disasters are occurrences that have profound effects on the locality upon which they manifest in, and since time immemorial, man has been devising ways to counter these effects. Disasters can be natural or man-made, and when they occur, their effects can be devastating to human life, infrastructure, and the environment.
US government has been under terrorism attacks and has improved vigilance even to the communities. Protection against e-crime begins with an individual at home. Family protection can be done through securing a protected wireless network using passwords,
et out of this illegal business, his father decides to send him to a local brokerage company called Bucket shop in Long Island which is in New York; where he gets to work as a broker. However, out of his father’s knowledge, the firm also deals with fake and dubious stocks
Chapter 18 describes the laws of remedies for breach of sales and lease contracts. Generally, when parties make a deal in lease or sale they sign a contract regarding the rules and regulations about the deal. They are supposed to follow it strictly.
There have been so many legislations which have been effected in this regard, one of which the Act of 1979 for sale of goods which was geared towards creating a trusting and effective commerce environment. Some of these old laws have been regarded
As the paper outlines, war is waged on the pretext of certain humanitarian reasons based on incorrect reasoning. It is imperative that the law provides basic rights such as freedom and democracy that need to be promoted by the people. Any form of war must be avoided by the citizens if they want to make a choice to live their lives in all freedom.
t, which primarily focus on jurisdictional determination of the ability to respond to technological and natural disaster through identification, prioritization and assessment of threats that are caused by different criminals or crime groups (Ratcliffe, 2009).
However, it is of
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e prospects for the development of anything that symbolizes a global police unit, they go ahead to show, authoritatively, how the concept of global policing is not only a reality, but also a major reason to worry. Global policing, according to the authors is the activities that
The author states that the vehicle can be searched upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized as stated by the 4th Amendment. Without this search warrant accompanied by a sworn affidavit, searching Yourprops’ personal vehicle is impossible.
Law enforcement officers must make decisions that can aid in enforcing the initiative. The paper outlines the relationship between issues influencing the decisions local law enforcement officers makes regarding the development of crime prevention. It also covers the means of integration of private security professionals in the strategies.
This issue has been a concern for many for no one is immune (Survey of Workplace Violence Prevention, 2005). For instance, workplace violence can strike anyone at any time. Some workers, nonetheless, are said to be at great risk.
The author says that this includes a basic knowledge of criminology and the laws related to fraud, the fundamentals of investigations, and the various types of fraud schemes. Although more colleges are offering a fraud-examination course as an elective, basic knowledge of fraud detection and deterrence is essential to success.
The death penalty is one of the most contentious topics and only those damned to the wages of this indisputable sin surpass it. Minorities like Hispanics, Latinos and African-Americans aggregate this ongoing barrage of prejudice.
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Black people and women should be offered equivalent justice by providing them with adequate employment and education opportunities. Aristotle’s’ parochialism has become rather notorious today. Actually, the word justice was originated from the Greek word ‘polis’ which has greatly been altered from its real sense.
It is further defined by Lawrence W. Sherman, who proposed the concept of evidence-based policing in 1998, as “the use of the best available research on the outcomes of police work to implement guidelines and evaluate agencies, units, and
The case demands that more reasoning be presented as to whether further follow up on the Middle Eastern man is required or not and why.
As mentioned in the case, the Middle Eastern man had a view that the attack of 9/11 was
Bush issued a charter that gave rise to Homeland Security. In addition, there was an intention to strengthen the available assets that the United States Federal government could entreat in the event of a disaster. Since Homeland
This means that my voting decision will be dependent on how the party has performed in the past, this will impact will especially take place if a new face or novice judge is running for the elections. If the judge has
As a result, the government of the United States licensed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration stated that each and every person above the age of three years was required to be vaccinated against the virus. Mr. Russell is a resident of
False confession can also occur due to cognitive and personal disabilities that may hinder a confessor from memorizing clearly. People with cognitive malfunctions are vulnerable to admit to implied interrogative questions that require either “Yes” or “No” answers. Since prosecutors are smart and always intend to use their evidence to pin down a suspect.
The issue highlighted in the case Brosseau v. Haugen is violation of Fourth Amendment by Brosseau and entitlement of Brosseau to the qualified immunity as Brosseau made use of deadly force against Haugen in shooting him in the
In this study text, the above factors influenced by the post-World War II are discussed. Terrorism, which suffices as having been applied during, and after the period, is evaluated. Reasons are provided as to why it is more of malum in se than it is malum prohibitum.
The author states that children were liable to capital punishment in equal measure to the adults, and the courts judged them in the adult courts without any complaint from the public. However, with time the perception of juveniles became more lenient as the judicial system needed to comprehend the cognitive development of the children.
Under the contract, ultimately the terms of the contract will liability on grounds of freedom of contract principles. Manufacturer liability in tort is primarily governed by negligence and the tort of misrepresentation. For manufacturer liability to arise, both torts require the claimant to establish a duty of care, which can be problematic for a claimant particularly in misstatement cases.
The constructs of parliamentary sovereignty in the constitution of the UK has an uneasy co-existence with the supremacy of European Community (EC) law. This is because parliamentary sovereignty provides for the supremacy of parliament’s statutes over other sources of law and that no Parliament can bind successive Parliaments.
The thesis begins by defining the concept of domestic violence to show its scope is not limited to physical and sexual assault. The background of the problem is discussed as well as the causes and consequences associated with it. The role of law enforcement authorities is also elaborated and the laws enacted to protect victims and punish offenders.
To understand fully the situation it is imperative to begin at the time when Potter, the employer, has fired Aker, the agent who was working for Potters agency. Potter fired Aker in 2008; the reason behind this was not mentioned. Like for
It is important to note that the recommendations of the 9/11 Commission’s report recommendations have largely been good for the agency because they have not only enhanced the power of the agency to collect data and intercept communication but also to collect information during the investigation of terrorism.