This essay explores the assessment of the effectiveness of the United Kingdom discrimination law; discrimination in relation to disability, to sexual oriented people; discrimination law in regards to sexual harassment, to religious tolerance, to gender issues and equal opportunities; people resourcing and discrimination laws; process of enhancing the effectiveness of the United Kingdom discrimination law.
12 pages (3000 words)
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This essay discusses that controlling crime in the community makes people feel safe and protected. In another view, Schneier explains crime control as a condition that comes about from the establishment and maintenance of protective procedures, which are a surety of a state of inviolability from intimidating acts or sways.
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According to the research findings the consumer protection regulations also prohibit traders from lying about the goods they have, or marketing them to consumers as another product, in order to gain credibility. In any case, a trader has signed a code of practice, he or she should stand by it and obey it to the later, failing to do so.
The welfare of the child will always come before the rights of parents. Traditionally the debate revolving around children rights centre on the friction that exists amongst concerns over children welfare on one hand and worries over crossing legal borders and encroaching over issues related to family privacy and rights of parents.
The paper is being carried out to discuss about important elements in child development and psychology in order to understand better the way children think and act in various stages of their development. After discussing the general approach, the special approach of interrogating a child as an eyewitness will be described and analysed.
On Friday February 17, 2012 just after midnight, we received a phone call from one Bob Smith of Maiden Lane, Raleigh concerning a murder: The murder of Randy Odleman had taken place in Room H, along Maiden Lane, Raleigh.
Brief Memorandum to the Justice with Regard to the Case of Perry v. Schwarzenegger1. This memorandum is aimed at providing sufficient arguments as pertains to how Justice Roberts will rule in this case. The facts of the case will be delineated since they serve as a baseline from which arguments will be given.
The report will cover the following: Evolution of the Law on the Mobility of Labour in the European Union; Overview of Regulation 1612/68 & Discrimination against EU workers and their families; Overview of Directive 68/360 & Entry of EU Citizens to other Member States; Jurisprudence from the European Court of Justice; Enforceability against private parties.
Customarily, director’s duties in UK have been divided under the head self-regulatory and non-regulatory mechanisms. Under regulatory approach, directors are required to comply with their obligations and duties
Hence, it is presumed that there will be a substantial financial loss that may arise to the company due to their inadequate diligence, care, skill and negligence. S 171 to 177 of CA 2006 speaks about the duty owed by a director of a company to the company.
This research aims to evaluate and present the four main challenges to the criminal justice system that are youth violence, drugs, violence against women and over-criminalization. Historical efforts to reduce youth violence worked and some are still effective for instance counseling and early detection.
14 pages (3500 words)
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It is evident from the study that poverty prevalence in Canada influences the lives of the underprivileged communities such as the aboriginals, immigrants, starting families, youths among others. Reports on the prevalence rate alludes that Canada has recorded an increase in poverty rate among the Canadian underprivileged community.
The disintegration of the tire accrued owing to the fault committed during the manufacturing process. In this case, the manufacturer was in confusion to explain how the fault connected to negligence. The duty of the judge is to identify negligent act3. Negligence is the act of an individual to exercise due care.
When should the State become involved in family life?
It is generally accepted that the state should not intervene in family life, unless intervention is necessary to “correct inequality” and to “prevent abuse”.1 An absolute non-protection stance on the part of the state will be far more “harmful” than “helpful”.2 Developments in family relations during the 20th century indicated that state intervention in family life was increasingly necessary for resolving a familial crisis: child neglect and abuse.3 Highly publicized incidents of child abuse which resulted in the death of children have renewed and intensified public demands for a more aggressive form of state intervention
This essay critically analyzes the notion of corporate social responsibility giving particular attention to minimum legal expectations. The issue of corporate social responsibility has emerged and developed in the past few decades. Earlier on, most individuals pointed out that the sole responsibility of various business organizations is to maximize the financial returns for their stakeholders and nothing else
According to the research findings it can therefore be said that though international human rights law contains many rights for the benefit of mankind but it also has its share of weaknesses and fails to be considered a foolproof law which could be exercised for the optimum benefit of the mankind without any difficulties.
The treatment programs listed in this paper do not posit about long-term effects of their programs, only short term ones of up to two years after the program has ceased. Incorporating psychiatric screening for every driving under the influence (DUI) offender might be the most effective program in the long run.
This paper argues that whilst there have been some measures put in place as a result of the assumption of non-executive directors, there still are a plethora of issues and problems that need to be addressed and resolved, including the degree to which directors can be held liable for wrongdoing and the existence of mechanisms to ensure redress for corporate malfeasance and misfeasance.
The thesis statement this paper would be holding is “No exhaustive list has been compiled and perhaps no exhaustive list can be compiled of the considerations which are relevant in determining the question of employment status, nor can strict rules be laid down as to the relative weight, which the various considerations should carry in particular cases.”
The researcher compares employment procedures of the USA and UK. The important difference between the USA and the UK employment procedures are that in the UK an employer cannot fire an employee at will. They believe that the relationship between the employer and the employee is always contractual in nature whether written contract between the employer and the employee exists or not.
13 pages (3250 words)
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White collar and corporate crimes. The continuous increase of criminal activity in all aspects of social and economic life has become a key problem for legislators worldwide. Current paper focuses on white collar and corporate crimes, as related to a wide range of professions, organizations and businesses.
As the paper declares s 175 has to be interpreted in conjunction with the s 182 CA 2006. It is the latter section that deals with the scenario where a director has an interest in a present business arrangement or transaction. If A Ltd wants to enter into business dealing with B Ltd and X is a director in both the companies.
One of the major torts is negligence. For an unfair act to become a tort, it is very important that it must cause damage. In UK, it is very important for the party that has suffered a loss to know that it has to prove that the damage caused was a direct result of the action of the defendant i.e. there must be a proximate cause.
Control over a Third Party.
The establishment of negligence claims relies heavily on the specific relationships between parties. Negligence claims against a third party, under omissions and acts, can only be imposed when all the elements of negligence claims have been proved.
Though there was no dispute with the exact time at which the intoximeter was being used, the computer time mentioned in the printout of the Intoximeter reading demonstrated that there was an error of about 1 hour 13 minutes. The Divisional Court took into consideration this error and provided a decision against the DPP.
Therefore, it is advisable that any organization should have legal and ethical policies that guide the management and employees towards complying with legal and ethical requirements (Key, 1998). One of the main ethical issues that relate to work environment is sexual harassment.
In all the fifty states of United States there are Rape Shield laws enacted to protect the interest of the so called complainants. Evidence as to previous sexual conduct provided by the defendant in a criminal suit relating to the prosecution of an accused in rape cases and sexual assault cases are inadmissible.
The bond linking religion and democracy in this dissertation is the government, exclusively the American government. It will be sensible to ascertain the effect caused by the merger of the American government and religion. The thesis of this paper, which will seek to guide the inclusion of viable content in the paper will be, the influence and power of religion make vulnerable the establishment clause plus the free exercise clause of the American constitution.
The author states that currently as a general rule, environmental compliance costs are recoverable in rates because these costs are not costs that an energy utility can chose to incur; they must incur them. In ratemaking, a PUC may deem that a measure taken by a utility was not the most economical or efficient way to reach compliance.
A harmless protest in February 2011 turned into an uprising that led to a conflict. International community intervened, and after months of bombardments by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), as well as ground conflict between the opposition forces and the Gaddafi forces, the Gaddafi government was overthrown.
The paper shall choose to discuss three crucial components of the GATT/WTO that impact upon developing countries: the tariff and subsidies issues surrounding the trade in agricultural products, the protection of trade-related intellectual property rights, and the application of the dispute settlement mechanism.
From the research it can be comprehended that companies are still in the habit of offering bribes to officials of other states in order to get their products into those states faster. Also bribes offered to political heavyweights for smoother navigation of the product within the political climate of the state.
From this research it is clear that even though Dodd’s argument received government favor in 1930s, all along, Berle’s argument has been in mind of people. The company act 2006 has borrowed a lot from Berle and Dodd debate in 1930s. It has attempted to link their argument and proposed neither a non-pure popularity theory nor a shareholders supremacy theory.
The right to roam which is a statutory right in England and implies that no individual may make an absolute claim to private ownership of mountainous terrain or parts of the country. The right to roam and various statutes provides for public access to private property irrespective of the property owner’s claim to his or her property under traditional theories of private ownership.
According to the research democratic deficit of the European Union is engaging and multi-faceted and confusing sometimes. The existing debates on this particular issue have resulted to contributions by various authors and their thoughts are quite provocative. For instance, some conceive the European Union democratic deficit to be a problem that is false, not a dilemma or even a contradiction.
Petsmart, Inc is the largest retail business that offers complete pet grooming, pet adoption, and pet training. The company is the leading provider of pet and training information. The retail chain operates in Canada, Puerto Rico, and the United States. The company’s products range from dog, cat, horse, bird, fish to small animal products.
This research provides background on climate change and the benefits and drawback of Cap and Trade with respect to California. Moreover, it also discusses the importance of Cap and Trade implementation and factors which led California to employ this particular regulation program. On the other hand, the paper explores the impact of Cap and Trade on the utility rate formula.
In the modern business environment, the use of World Wide Web and internet is ubiquitous. The business environment is very competitive and companies are forced to adapt to latest technologies, as well as emerging business trends in order to survive and improve their profitability.
A decade into the new millennium and more and more women are looking for employment in Saudi Arabia. We are living in a modern time; there are economic pressures and extreme competitiveness for both sexes in the workplace.
The present research has identified that the criminal justice system is designed to enforce the law and maintain public order to preserve the peace at all times. The whole intent and objective of punishing a person found to have committed a crime is not only justice and to exact retribution but to protect society from further harm being perpetrated by lawless elements.
According to the research while drafting the contract, more significance has to be given to the areas like the notice clauses, the choice of law clauses, the force majeure clauses, the delegation and the assignment provision. It is advised to use LOGIC standard contract form as it is having drafting efficiency and to costs fewer pounds and takes less time to input the standard clauses into the contract.
"...one thing is clear, and that is that liability in negligence for harm caused by the deliberate wrongdoing of others cannot be founded simply on foreseeability that the (claimant) will suffer loss or damage by reason of such wrongdoing. There is no such general principle. We have therefore to identify the circumstances in which liability may be imposed." Lord Goff in Smith v Littlewoods  1 All ER 710at 731.
Advocacy-LLM Criminal litigation. What in your opinion are the most important qualities of the effective criminal advocates? Criminal Advocates and the Necessity for Accreditation Program in UK In UK, more than 3600 legal professional are enrolled with the Criminal Bar Association (CBA) who either directly employed or under self-employment.
18 pages (4500 words)
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According to the study the effectiveness of mandatory sentencing can only be as harsh as society and lawgivers want them to be. In general, States have opted to move towards more effective and less restrictive strategies intended to maintain or lower the population of prison inmates, give them treatment, counseling or other means of combating crime and so reduce the possibility of their returning to jail.
According to the study international rights laws and relations provisions are not serving the general interests of justice. There are major gaps in the implementation of the laws, especially in terms of interpretation and application of these rights. There are vague provisions and elements of the international laws which often leave states doubtful in their implementation and interpretation of provisions.
Furthermore, the company was founded in order to construct residential properties only. While the company was being formed, it was also decided that any transactions of the company’s business that exceeded one million pounds would require the consent of the entire board of directors.
“Malaysia, a middle-income country, has transformed itself since the 1970s, from a producer of raw materials into an emerging multi-sector economy. Under Prime Minister NAJIB, Malaysia is attempting to achieve high-income status by 2020, and to move farther up the value-added production chain by attracting investments in Islamic finance, high technology industries, biotechnology, and services”1 In the year 2007, Malaysia’s economy was the 3rd main financial system in South East Asia, and the 28th biggest economy in the world, by purchasing power parity among gross domestic products for the year 2008.
The dissertation succinctly expounds on the key aspects of the entire study about the ethics in organ procurement to be taken into consideration for the purpose of preparation of the actual study in the subsequent chapters. This paper mainly describes the main topic for the reader to comprehend and understand since the next chapters will get into deeper details of the study about the ethics in organ procurement.
Insurance companies have made strong lobbying for fixing cap on the award of punitive damages under tort laws. As of 2005, 45 out of 50 states in the USA pursued cap on punitive damages or more realistic evidence to prove it. Under Arizona state constitution articles XVIII, § 6 , the privilege to initiate action to recover damages for harm shall never be abolished, and the quantum recovered shall not be subject to legal cap.
Moreover, he contends that firms tend to interact with each other in a planned fashion such that they tend to act as independent entities that are devoid of each other’s existence. However, if this were the case then theoretically all activities carried out by firms would never result in disputes since they would be well planned and thus well executed.