There is no doubt that the city will see a lot of marriages happening there. However, on the flipside is the problem that inevitably, a lot of divorces are also likely to ensue. But the major issue in this case is that if a person from another state, where same sex marriage is not allowed, comes to New York and marry here, the person cannot get a divorce in his home state and will have to return to New York for obtaining divorce, that too, as per law will be possible only after a stay of three months.
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(Companies Act 2006, 2008, P.134) The basic reason for this is that an existing shareholder should be given the right to protect and maintain his share of total equities of company by having the opportunity to buy out a new supply of equity shares. Also, it puts the existing shareholders in a more commanding position.
This is in complete contrast with pre-colonial period, when there was less domestic threats and virtually non- existent international crime. This paper explores the historical development of police agencies, their jurisdiction and roles in the modern society.
Various theories of correction have evolved ranging from traditional to nontraditional correction strategies. They include: rehabilitative, boot camps. The goals of these specific goals of these strategies vary but they are aimed all aimed at modifying behavior and reducing recidivism.
The law enforcement agency is one such institution having a common culture as amongst the police. They have a culture which is about solidarity and secrecy or as other writers refers to it, ‘a code of silence’. This is the culture that prevents a police officer from telling on his colleague(s) on any acts of illegality performed.
Geoffrey Lantos, espousing the views of Milton Friedman, actually states that corporate social responsibility is immoral. The reason for this is that the shareholders, who have a close relationship with the corporation, experiencing detriment when the corporation takes its focus off of the profit motive.
Al. 2007 p 82). The royal prerogatives exist by the dint of common law. There is no statute or any act of parliament that can give prerogative powers to the crown. However, as we shall see a statute has the power to abolish the prerogative powers (Philips H, et al 2001 pg 310.).
The transaction she was about to make was illegal because it was not authorized from the owner of Merrill Lynch. In fact, Merrill Lynch Company had stopped and ordered the cancellation of the transactions though, Faneuil went ahead to conduct the transaction as instructed by Bacanovic.
The HSWA 1974 places its general duties on employers, employees, manufacturers, and people in control of premises. The framework for subsequent health and safety regulations is built by these general duties. The Act also does the establishment of the Health & Safety Commission and Executive.
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To deal with such situations, the police have discretionary powers as to their course of action. In some cases it is just enough to give a verbal warning to the offender, who then desists from such behavior in future. However, the discretion also give the police officer the power and authority to arrest and prosecute to the fullest extent of the law.
New background checks on guns. The United States of America has had an increase in gun violence for a long time especially in the major cities. The availability of guns follows weak government institutions and guns management policies most of which have made it easier for more people to purchase guns.
Thus, the justice system allows individuals to examine all the documents and other information on which the case relies. However, in the recent days, the issue of national security has acquired much significance in view of the ever escalating incidents of terror attacks that are especially directed towards developed nations such as the UK and USA.
A bomb blast has occurred at a central bus stand in London in which more than 23 people died and several injured according to the initial reports. The bomb blast was so massive that its voice and tremors were felt in a radius of 7 kilometers from the crime scene.
The surge in the number has been because of escalation in juvenile violent crimes, declining confidence in the juvenile courts to punish serious offences, and a general move towards punishment as opposed to personal rehabilitation. Additionally adult criminal sentencing in most states has been streamlined due to claims that initially the system was lenient to violent criminals.
Diversion has a number of useful purposes that make it ideal especially with regard to juvenile offenders, offenders who suffer from mental and other behavioral disorders and those whose criminal activities may be traced to specific societal or community situations.
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The crime fighting body, the FBI in each year compiles a comprehensive report that details all reported crimes in the US, which are grouped in crime rate per 100,000 residents across states and cities. Such crime data offers the basis on which decisions can be made on the approaches needed to lower or prevent crimes in different areas.
The greatest concern for most businesses now is to achieve as much competitive advantage as possible to distinguish themselves from the rest, not only for profit motivations in the present, but also for longer life in the future. In that case, business strategies employed by business corporations target to achieve two most important goals, to see that the businesses remain profitable and to ensure they remain relevant in the future, by producing quality services that meet customer standards.
It also provides the grounds, based on which the court has pronounced its judgement. However, on a whole, the summary does leave scope for better organisation, coherence and textual flow. This could be achieved by structuring the narration in a logical sequence by stating relevant factors in the proper order.
In courts in the United States, civil proceedings have been found to be held on perpetrators of genocide followed by movements to voice the steps and measures required to be considered against genocide act (Totten 2008). The term genocide was established in the year 1944 by Raphael Lemkin in one of his books that he wrote.
Apparently, the author is referring to the rule in customary international law, more appropriately referred to as the “persistent objector rule” which is recognized by the International Court of Justice as a valid exercise of a state’s sovereign power. In the end the author makes conclusions and offers his recommendations.
Friendly takeovers simply occur when one organization tenders an offer to another organization and the board of directors accepts or declines the offer. In the corporate world, where publically traded organizations have a multitude of owners – indeed, in the United Kingdom the takeover only refers to publically traded companies -- the process becomes complicated, and the potential for the hostile takeover emerges.
Consequently, she made an offer to Andreas to buy it. Andrea accepted this offer and sold the scarf to Emily. Unfortunately, Emily’s scarf was stained during her visit to a nearby restaurant. She was told by Andrea that her scarf could be cleaned by using a special liquid and returned to her in a week’s time.
Soon after this gory incident, the former president, Mr. George W. Bush announced “War on Terror.” Resultantly the USA Patriot Act of 2001 came into being. The citizens of America rightly demanded their democratic government to take immediate remedial measures for their safety and security.
Along with prison population, rate of sexual and other form of violence, sexual victimization also increased which costs more on exchequer to hire more guards to maintain law and order. At the same time, rate of recidivism is also said to be high in US as that of two-thirds of released prisoners will be incarcerated within three years for the repeated offence, which reflects the system and effectiveness of rehabilitation program carried out by the prison authority.
6 Conclusion 8 References: 9 “My Lords, there are two issues in this appeal. The first is concerned with the nature of the so-called “Quistclose trust” and the requirements for its creation. The second arises only if the first is answered adversely to the appellant.
The author states that consumers are affected by fraud in business because they do not get their money’s worth; for instance, in a Ponzi scheme, consumers actually end up losing money eventually. A more common type of fraud is when organizations’ lie about the origins and quality of a product.
According to the report the goods have been delivered to him, and it also contains the terms and conditions at which the goods are being carried. Usually it was seen that the carriers were at a greater advantage and had more negotiating and bargaining powers as compared to the shipper. The Hague rule which was a bit of amendment an old Sea law.
The Article has a provision that no contracting country shall return or expel a refugee in any way to the borders of territories where his freedom or life may be endangered. The principle of non-refoulement is the foundation of international refugee law and asylum.
The American Law Enforcement Industry consists of the following components. Local level, municipal police, country police and country sheriffs as well as their diffrencies and functions are described in the essay. It also covers the information on state level police, state police and Bureaus of Criminal investigator.
Question 1 Facts In the case of Davis v. Washington, U.S. Supreme Court, (2006) where McCottry had been assaulted by Davis the boyfriend who had later on fled the scene. McCottry was supposed to testify for charges of felony violation of domestic order. This led to using hearsay from the 911 call recording that was made by McCottry despite Davis objection of not doing it.
There exists what is known as bureaucratic/corporate organized crime; conversely, there also exists what is known as patron-client organized crime. Furthermore, by working to understand the patterns, commonalities and distinct differences between the two, the individual can obtain a much clearer grasp.
Introduction The recent global economic scenario is found suggesting the importance or corporate governance (CG) to be understood, as many of the economic advantages and disadvantages depend on the corporate governance systems. Corporate governance installs and enforces its own regulations and policies; therefore, if its customs do not match with the customs of an organization, emerging consequences can be severe in financial terms.
They provide benchmarks for shaping the behaviour of the populations in a bid to ensure that these are within the expectations of the society. For those who violate important legal provisions, the penal code facet of the law provides for the punishments that respective individuals should be exposed to.
y of convicts is not heeded I. Cases involving the convicts’ appeal has not been heeded II. There is no support for convicts who are justified to ask for there rights III. Disparity in implementing the law C. Necessity grew to nullify the original provisions of the law I. change in mindset necessitated change of the law II. Law was not any more holding III. Democratic revolution has happened requiring rights of people to be followed Price Media Law Moot Court Competition Case In the past as opposed to the current situation, criminal law system, did not a
My Lady, I have two submissions to make 1. According the Unfair terms S. 2 (1 – 2 ) of UCTA 1977 – In the case of other loss or damage, a person cannot so exclude or restrict his liability for negligence except in so far as the term or notice satisfies the requirement of reasonableness.
They compose of such rights as freedom of expression, equal treatment before the law and the right to life among others. Here, there is freedom of expression which thus gives people the right to protest as long as they do not infringe into other people’s rights or break the law.
In many instances, the battle is a direct interpretation of whether an individual’s human rights could be directly applied or appreciated as another person’s human rights (Mignon, 2012). The bodies tasked with the mandate of ensuring that the laws are upheld ensure that they try as much as possible to deal with the challenges experienced.
Curfew Law Enforcement. Curfew laws are guidelines or restrictions enforced within a city that limit or demand what times people are allowed to be out on the streets or at different places like places of recreation. These restrictions can be guided by the age, as they may be for youths within the streets or just general for the whole population within the city.
The NASS on the other hand is involved in the reselling of quality speakers after it has imported them. The ECOs of the companies had reached an agreement that MSC would supply NASS with about 10,000 units of high quality speakers in a period of 60 days, from 15, Feb 2012.
Unrestricted movement of individuals in the whole market has raised the need for persons who have registered as citizens of countries other than those where they were born to access legal counsel whose quality may be compromised by language translation or by conflicting legal structures of their new country of residence.
The rights are interdependent, interrelated and indivisible because violation or improvement of one right affects the effect of the other rights. The state has an obligation to promoting and protecting human rights of their citizens, regardless of the political, cultural or economic systems that exist in the state.
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Phase III of the system is currently under construction. This section of pipeline will connect the terminus at Cushing, Oklahoma with refining facilities in Houston, Texas and Port Arthur, Louisiana. Once this section is completed, Canadian petroleum produces will have their long sought-after pipeline terminus in a tidewater location as well as direct access to Gulf region refining facilities.
Laws give the expectations, ethical standards and rules of conduct. Laws give measures of how to enforce rules and regulations and settling disputes. The other functions of law are determining the government power, ensuring peace in the society, ensuring there is free competition in the economy, protection of citizen freedoms, enhancing social justice and ensuring that the environment is protected.
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Greeley et al (2005: 33-41) observed that the youths who cannot get what they desire or need in life through conventional means will often use the unconventional means like crime to get the necessities they need. Most often a youth will get to know the unconventional means by being part of a gang.
This induces sales agents to sell more of expensive items and earns the shop more profit. The issue for determination is whether the commission strategy is an unlawful bait and switch. Bait and switch defines advertisement of an item at a low price, in order to attract a customer to sales location, followed by attempts to influence the customer to another product.
It is notable that Kris has committed a crime during a probation period. Other than that, he has had a good background, upbringing and has hopes for a good future. He has a positive relationship with his parents, successfully graduated from high school and has never suffered from any mental illness.
The intentions of this study are two chief mechanisms for ensuring the compliance of the Member States with fundamental rights and European law. The first of these are the infringement proceedings available under Article 258 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. The second device available relates to the European Court, where the proceedings initiated by the Commission could finally be taken up.
The research centers on the criminal justice organization’s bureaucracy. Overall, the criminal justice organization effectively and efficiently implements the entire spectrum of criminal justice. In addition, bureaucracy maximizes the criminal justice organization’s efficiency. However, the line and staff organization reduces flexibility
In general, a person who owns a piece of land or a property is said to be the owner of the land and enjoy rights to enjoy the land. Nevertheless, in the UK a freehold owner does not own the property on an absolute basis; rather he or she owns the fee simple estate in the land “from the Crown under freehold tenure.”