The agency began its operations in July 1999, but its establishment traces back to 1992, when the Maastricht Treaty was signed by EU Member States. Previously known as the Europol Drugs Unit (EDU), the agency rolled out its policing programs, though, with a limited mandate in 1994 (Safjanski, 2013; Tzifakis, 2013).
UAE Courts and Law Introduction The constitution of UAE is based on rule of law, equality, liberty, freedom of religion and speech, freedom of communication, freedom of association and council, freedom of movement and freedom to be elected for an office without any discrimination within the limitations of UAE.
Hire a pro to write a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
The European Court of Human Rights is an international court set up by the European Convention on Human Rights (Kloth, 2010). It hears petition relating to countries breaking some laws that uphold and protect human rights. Any country preaching these provisions on human rights touching on political and civil rights are brought before the court.
Article 34(formerly Article 28) prohibits quantitative restrictions on imports and Article 35(formerly Article 29) prohibits quantitative restrictions on exports.3 Article 36 however, provides for exceptions to quantitative restrictions and includes restriction exceptions on the grounds of public health, morality, public police, public security, protection of animals or plants, national arts, history, archaeology, industry and commercial property but may not enable discriminatory treatment.4 The restrictions on Katisa’s export of balsamic vinegar to Member State Y must therefore be examined by reference to Article 36.
In Ashburn Anstalt v Arnold, Fox LJ’s judgment confirms that based on principle, licences do not indicate “tenancy interest or interest in the land” on the part of the licencee; therefore, they cannot bind third parties as a result of this.
The increasing population of the world has caused an increase in crime rates leading to large correctional staff, severe punishments, and expansion in prison and jail systems. The United States of America being one of the largest countries in the world faces the same problem. The measures to control the criminals should also increase.
In New York, for one to make a valid will, he or she should be of sound memory and mind, and there must be two adult witnesses who have understood the will. In this case, it makes sense for Elisa to instruct Mary, a local solicitor and a family friend, to prepare a will on her behalf so that she would not make mistakes or unintentionally fail to accomplish what she intended.
School shooting is a not a strange incident in this modern world of violence. Violence has become so common in today’s culture. Domestic, political, social, racial and other types of violence are ruling the modern world. Gun violence, other violence, and emotional abuse are so prevalent among children in the modern culture.
Children that experience neglect in their childhood, are rejected by their parents, develop conflicts with their parents or siblings, and are inadequately supervised increase their risk of becoming criminal in adulthood.
In the utilitarian criterion, decisions are made based entirely on their consequences or outcome, and aims at providing the greatest good for the majority. In a focus on rights criterion, decisions are made based on the fundamental liberties and privileges of individuals as identified in the bill of rights.
Whether the Death Penalty is A Desirable Policy. An issue touching on a policy relating to death penalty brings to mind the fundamental rights and freedoms of human being (Coughlin, 2004, p.47). Usually, it creates a heated debate, throwing each side of the camps to the extreme ends, a sharp division that cannot be easily harmonized.
On the facts it is clear that John was not subjectively reckless as there was no awareness as to the result of his acts whereby he used force on Denise nor was there awareness that Denise was alive when he burned the house down thus it can be said that he did not foresee the consequences of the said action.
For one to be guilty of attempted murder, he or she must have recklessly, intentionally or deliberately disregarded human life by planning and attempting to kill someone. This essay will address the concerns of a client who has been accused of attempted murder, explaining the elements of murder and whether or not he committed the crime of attempted murder.
There are essentially three broad categories of factors that determine how a court will determine ancillary relief: compensation, needs and equitable sharing of assets and liabilities.1 It has also been consistently held that in determining these three category of factors for awarding ancillary relief, the court has a wide discretion to achieve a result that is fair and are thus informed by and not confined to the three category of factors.2 Therefore it is up to the court seized of the matter, which category of factors will dominate in determining a fair outcome.
The dog was in a restless state and brought his founder to 875 South Bundy, home of former American football player Orenthal James Simpson and spouse Nicole Brown Simpson, now taken by Nicole and their two offspring (Gilbert, 2008). On the path to the house, the corpses of a Caucasian pair were found.
Many films, television shows, music videos and cartoons have been made to draw a picture of the goings-on in the criminal justice system. While some of the stories shown in the films are based on real life events, others are fictional in nature, but they, nonetheless, provide a concise portray of the society and especially criminal justice in America also around the world.
Introduction Since colonial times, the administration of justice in many parts of the world has more often involved other methods of arbitration in addition to the more preferred process of litigation that is court-based litigation process. Some of the colonial powers such as the British systematised and ensured enacting appropriate mechanisms for alternative forms of seeking and settling disputes.
It was in the year 1967 that concerns significantly had arisen resulting from the disorders prevalent in the seas owing to greater technological advancements, multiplying uses and rivalry among nations for power that demanded for some stable measures. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea was adopted in the year 1982 focusing on a constitution for the seas2.
The present Act integrates these two issues, in addition to significant alterations to the law of data protection, and to the authorities of the Information Commissioner. Sections 52, 54 and 57 of the 2009 Act create alterations to the law of homicide. Section 52 alters the definition of partial protection to murder of decreased duty.
President Obama makes an emphasis on the necessity of immigration regulating laws development and he considers this law “to undermine basic notions of fairness that we cherish as Americans, as well as the trust between police and our communities that is so crucial to keeping us safe” (Anti-Immigration Law).
FSA functions are governed by the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Davidson 2010). FSA regulates banks, insurance companies, mortgage companies and investment advisers. The objectives of FSA are to maintain confidence in the financial markets by ensuring stability in the UK financial system.
Children from different income groups are included and they would be provided subsidized or free food. The program main goals are to ensure that children can receive a nutritious diet free of junk items and in this way not be at a risk for obesity, overweight and cardiovascular disorders.
This paper will attempt to explain the philosophy of Hart, contrasted with the philosophies of Bentham and Austin, along with the critiques of Hart, then attempt to reach a conclusion as to whether Hart’s philosophy is as flawed as Bentham and Austin’s, or if Hart’s philosophy is grounded on a sounder basis than the philosophies of these two men.
Name Course Instructor Date Land Law-Assignment 2 Introduction A mortgage is a registered security on possession that permits the mortgagee or lender to take and put up for sale the property if the mortgagor fails to repay the money. It can be placed on goods or real estate, if money is borrowed to buy it.
This is because it worries people whether the groups can be trusted or not. Few people say that knowing how to participate in something they worry about is a barricade to involvement. Queries raised by accomplices when they were asked what their response would be if an individual told them to take part in the practice included ideas such as, “I trust that they are legitimate and on the right path.” This means that any person who is willing to take part needs assurance that the practice is legitimate.
The legal system that a country observes outlines the rights and freedoms of individuals and the state. Any actions or activities that violate the provisions of the legal system constitute a crime, whether committed by an individual, a group of persons or the state.
In a democratic state, there are many factors that a government needs to take into consideration while handling a case and the response that they are likely to get from the people who form their vote base would form a major factor. This paper shall take into account this scenario while looking at certain cases that generated a lot of public interest as a result of the intervention or interference of the media.
The emergence of this particular PPP can be seen as a consequence of neo-liberalist economic policies pursued at the end of the nineties in the United Kingdom2. Ever since the implementation of PFI, it has come under intense critique from certain quarters that argue that PFI promotes the interest of the private sector at the expense of public service provision.
Youth gangs are distinctive groups mainly associated with young adults in adolescents usually involved in extensive illegal activities in the society (Wiener 2005). These youth gangs develop negative identification with the agencies of law enforcement, as well as the neighborhood residents (Goldson 2011).
In his book titled Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty, he says that for this inequality to be managed and reduced there must be renewed efforts directed towards the creation of new and functioning policies (68). Acemoglu continues to argue that our main focus should not be getting underdeveloped countries to do things right, but rather getting them to stop doing the wrong things in terms of policy-making and the creation of new and stable institutions.
Whenever it comes to the jurisprudence, the most prominent name that comes to one’s mind is of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. (1841-1935), who was one of the most influential and powerful members of the Supreme Court of United States of America in the Jurisprudence.
5 pages (1250 words)
, Download 1
, Research Paper
There are many important considerations and factors involved in law enforcement particularly in the US. Law enforcement as component of the criminal justice system requires focus and ample amount of time for consideration to be more successful both in its inception and actual implementation.
Montaldo (2013) explains that the ethereal child was apparently the victim of an abduction attempt gone awry, the regular child beauty pageant participant was gagged with duct tape, strangled by garrote, and apparently raped by the unknown assailant. The Boulder, Colorado police force was puzzled by the clues that they found at the crime scene at the time as nothing in the area seemed to make sense to their trained deductive minds.
Frontway Clutches Ltd. Supplied faulty clutches to Mr. Conn, thus the supplier is responsible for the failure that occurred in Mr. McScrooge’s van. Second, even though Mr. McScrooge suffered the failure of the clutch, he did not present it to Mr. Conn as the evidence that the clutch he had fixed in his van was faulty.
This paper will deliver some notions that will significantly increase someone’s awareness of the former issue, in the light of the United Kingdom setting. The purpose of this study will be depicted in section two, which will be interpreted, and further, the researcher’s initial perspective will be explained.
Summary dismissal in essence is a kind of dismissal that is instant due to gross misconduct and in many cases it takes effect immediately. There is no notice to termination of contract and the employer has the upper hand over the employee.However, the law is not quite clear as to what offenses constitute grounds for summary dismissal and therefore it may be used as tool for settling scores1.
Numerous theories have come up with the main aim of explaining the causes of crime. Over the years, these theories have been modified to explain the causes of crime comprehensively. Criminologists aim at reducing the incidences, as well as the level of crime taking place.
Police has the ability of using force effectively as a means of protecting themselves and carry out their occupational responsibilities. The organizations of the police, in a general view acknowledge the need to support and help the police in learning how to do their work perfectly.
Transnational corporations, whatever their form, are legal persons recognised in private law, which refer to a single decision-making authority, but which have a presence in multiple territories. The principal cause of the dilemma involving transnational business corporations and human rights violations is the vacuum in governance created by globalization.
The Purpose of this paper is to analyze the statement “Since the upshot of frustration is to exterminate the contract and release the parties from further liability under it, the doctrine is not to be facetiously invoked, but must be kept inside very constricted limits and ought not to be extensive”1 .
Where on one hand, this might protect the interests of the people in terms of unbiased judgment; on the contrary, it may also hinder racial diversity in the judicial system of the nation and hence, be termed as a practice of racial discrimination. Therefore, whether racial diversification should be promoted or prohibited through reforms in the US judicial system, the possible response to be obtained from the respondents and if these ideas are good or bad, is subjected to more in-depth understanding and critical evaluation of the present scenario.
"While it is said that equity will not perfect an imperfect gift by imposing a trust where none is intended, yet there are instances where trusts are created without the parties being aware of its creation". There are many ways that trust can be arranged and be specific on how these assets can be passed to the beneficiaries.
15 pages (3750 words)
, Download 3
, Research Paper
Even as the presence of cyberbullies and their operations remain largely covert, the effects of cyberbullying are far-reaching and devastating on the person of the cyberbullying victim. The implication of the act is based on the fact that it is injurious in nature, in that it contravenes the rights, freedoms and wellbeing of the targeted individual.
Following one of the most notorious trials by the Oyer and Terminer court in 1692, 19 people were hanged, one pressed to death, and eight others condemned (Adams 43). By that time, Satan was believed to be actively present on earth and peoples’ lives since the supernatural was considered as engrained in everyday life.
Various states have developed different legislations on abortion; this has created lack of uniformity in handling of abortion cases. Most of the legislations have focused on reducing induced abortion, its advocates have had two lines of thoughts which have kept on changing with time.
Name Instructor Course Date Lew, Julian D.M. Final Report on Intellectual Property Disputes and Arbitration. The ICC International Court of Arbitration Bulletin, Vol.9, No.1, 2012, July, pp. 37-95 Intellectual Property Intellectual property rights have increasingly been a thing of debate considering the fact that many people are embracing technology to come up with new developments in the society.
This essay intends to examine, the modalities and functional aspects of urban transportation and housing. Body As a point of departure, policies guiding urban housing and transportation are critical in any urban development. The two primary reasons for urban policy include, the urban or cities are integral in economy development beaus most of the populace resides in them.
From this paper, it is clear that the use of analogies to justify same sex marriage does not render justice to social norms and the institution of marriage. Comparing same-sex marriage to marriage between members of different races is demeaning given the gravity of the matter and its implications on social stability.
13 pages (3250 words)
, Download 1
, Research Proposal
This paper will analyse the main components of restorative justice programs and analyse their strengths as well as their weaknesses. This will be used as the foundation for the development of a restorative justice program which seeks to deal adequately with instances of domestic violence.