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Think: what cultural aspects have an impact on translation / translators What are the most typical extratextual reasons for shi - Essay Example

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Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Influence of culture on the translation process Introduction The available literature on translation constantly refers to the concept of closest natural equivalent to ensure preservation of the intended meaning of words spoken in the source language…
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Think: what cultural aspects have an impact on translation / translators What are the most typical extratextual reasons for shi

Download file to see previous pages... This paper examines the common types of modifications, and the cultural and extra-textual factors influencing translation process. Background According to Nord translation refers to the process of replacing textual materials in one language by equivalent textual material in another language (23). On the other hand, Chen and Zhang define translation as the process of transferring thoughts and ideas from the source language into the target language (67). Translation could also be viewed as the process of finding a target language equivalent for a source language equivalent. From the available literature concurs that process of translation has several commonalities. Firstly, there is a change of expression from one language to another. Secondly, the meaning and message are rendered in the target language. This means that the translator has an obligation to ensure the concepts captured by the source language are well captured in the target language. Thirdly, the translator is under obligation to seek for the closest equivalent in the target language. This responsibility is very monumental as it requires the translator to be well conversant with both the source and target language. Beside preserving the surface meaning of words, the translator should at the same time, ensure the structure if maintained as closely as possible but not so closely such that the target language structure will be distorted. For proper translation, translators are required to gain syntactic, semantic and pragmatic understanding as well as engage fully in the analytical processing of the source language. Culture and translation The connection between culture and language was first suggested by Wilhelm Von Humboldt who envisioned language as being dynamic. He further envisioned a language as being an expression of culture and individuality of the speakers. Wilhelm views were later supported by Edward Sapir and Benjamin Lee who suggested that context of situation and culture precedes text. Without a proper context, it would then be impossible for a translator to best capture the best meaning of words in text. To achieve the best results especially when translating culturally-bound sentences, it is important for the translators to use tools such as componential analysis, cultural and descriptive equivalents, literal translations, modulations, recognized translations, reductions, synonyms, transferences, deletions and combinations. To understand, the importance of these tools it would be advisable to check how modulations could be used in handling words that do not have exact equivalents in the target language. Modulation refers to the practice of adding or removing meaning within the text for easier or accurate interpretation of a particular sense. In a cultural context, modulations become very essential in suppressing all readings that might cause semantic clash. Translators may also use modulations to create contextual effects or enriching words to achieve the intended purpose. Katan observes that meaning-based translation is very important and culture determines the translation process and the final version (78). The appreciation of the cultural perspective during the translation process was apparent during the translation of the Greek language into Roman. The importance of the culture during the translation process is again appreciated in the book titled, translation, rewriting and the manipulation of literary fame by ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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