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Compare and contrast Burke's narrative of the scientific revolution with Merchant's - Assignment Example

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Carolyn Merchant in her narrative, Ecological Evolution, narrates about the process of ecological transformations that occurred in New England as European Settlers took control of the land (Merchant 67). Merchant describes how societies are related to the environment, and how…
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Compare and contrast Burkes narrative of the scientific revolution with Merchants
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A comparison between Carolyn Merchant’s Ecological Revolution And James Burke’s narrative of scientific revolution Carolyn Merchant in her narrative, Ecological Evolution, narrates about the process of ecological transformations that occurred in New England as European Settlers took control of the land (Merchant 67). Merchant describes how societies are related to the environment, and how they have transformed the natural environment. This narrative is primarily aimed at explaining how economic regime, human gender relations, and social structure are influenced by ecological flora and fauna. In The Day the Universe Change, James Burke narrates how specific scientific and technological advances have changed the western way of life. This film primarily focuses on highlighting the impacts of science and technology on the western culture. Episode 04 of the movie talks about how “printing has transformed knowledge”. Storage, use, and processing of information were significantly changed by Gutenberg’s discovery of printing (Burke @-7:40). In episode 05, Burke talks about “how science has revised the heavens”. The main issue addressed in this episode is that the heavens do not revolve around the earth (Burke @-9:10).
The key issues that are presented by both Merchant and Burke are that scientific and technological advancements have changed human societies. Merchant narrates that science and technological advancements have significantly transformed the environment and its fraternity in a negative way, while Burke believes that science and technological advancements have influence human societies in a positive way. Merchant believes that science and technology have led to excessive destruction of the natural environment and its fraternity. Activities like logging, hunting, and tapping at the onset of increasing urbanization and industrialization that took place in European nations, influenced Indians to begin destroying their natural environment (Merchant 143). Burke on the other hand, claims that written materials made it possible for information to be stored in hard copies, and this in turn also made it possible for history to be stored in the form of writing for easy remembrance. The ability to keep recorded financial statements among other records reduced the rate of corruption in the Catholic Church, and this is what also led to the emergence of Lutheran movements (Burke @-7:03).
Works Cited
Burke J. The Day The Universe Changed – Episode 04: A matter of Fact: Printing Transforms Knowledge. Electronic
Retrieved from: http://watchdocumentary.com/watch/the-day-the-universe-changed- episode-04-a-matter-of-fact-printing-transforms-knowledge-video_e042e2ab6.html
Merchant C. Ecological revolutions: nature, gender, and science in New England. North Carolina: Univ of North Carolina Press, 2010. Print. Read More
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