Nobody downloaded yet

The Structure of Scientific Revolution (Kuhn) and Varieties of Religious Experience: (James): An Analytical Review - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
This paper is an analytical review on two of the most influential books of the 20th century: The Structure of Scientific Revolution by Thomas Kuhn (1962) and Varieties of Religious Experience by William James (1902).
The first book discusses a detailed history of science, how…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93% of users find it useful
The Structure of Scientific Revolution (Kuhn) and Varieties of Religious Experience: (James): An Analytical Review
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Structure of Scientific Revolution (Kuhn) and Varieties of Religious Experience: (James): An Analytical Review"

Download file to see previous pages person could be credited with a discovery unless history had been sufficiently studied to conclude the same, because other simultaneous, if inconclusive, theories were taking place also which helped in the structure building and assumptions base of any discovery. Therefore, a knowledge and awareness of history is of equal consequence to science aficionados.
In his book the Structure of Scientific Revolution, Kuhn broadly defines all scientific discoveries as those that have adhered with time to current facts and information and those that require further experimentation and study. Kuhn’s main contention was that while there were scientific discoveries being made simultaneously, many older theories were being discarded which were actually the basis for these newer, more accurate ones. He was opposed to the idea of sole attribution as he felt that original theory existence and proposition could not be discarded. He writes: “Out-of-date theories are not in principle unscientific because they have been discarded… research that displays the difficulties in isolating individual inventions and discoveries gives ground for profound doubts about the cumulative process through which these individual contributions to science were thought to have been compounded.” (9)
The second book is actually a compilation of the lectures that James delivered during his time as a Gifford lecturer, speaking on Natural Religion at Edinburg. The book has been read by millions of people who are interested in religion, acting “as a means of restoring self-understanding to the psychology of religion through an examination of its “foundational practices” and an appreciation of the “provisionality and uncertainty” of its knowledge” (O’Toole 233). This book is a deep study of religion and human nature, drawing insights into the significance and need of religion for human beings.
The work of William James has come to be a very important basic document and reference for ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The Structure of Scientific Revolution (Kuhn) and Varieties of Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(The Structure of Scientific Revolution (Kuhn) and Varieties of Essay)
“The Structure of Scientific Revolution (Kuhn) and Varieties of Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Structure of Scientific Revolution (Kuhn) and Varieties of Religious Experience: (James): An Analytical Review

William James: Varieties of Religious Experience

...failure in applying to religions because logics and formulas simply cannot assess abstract concepts and objects such as God and deliverances burgeoning enormous religious sentiments in human minds. William does not however confront applying philosophy into religions. He rather points out the importance of transforming philosophy into a critical science by omitting such topics of metaphysics and scientifically absurd doctrines (William 445-447). He believes critical science has a role to play in religions in determining which mystic experiences are random and insignificant while which are worth worshiping and admitting to our lives. Such a critical science and its findings he believes can...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Scientific Revolution adapted to this structure omitting important issues. And thirdly, Kuhn denies the logic of the science, and thus, he transforms the growth of the scientific knowledge into the simple alteration of the certain dogmas that cannot be criticized. Such categorical judgments push to think that the system suggested is imposed. To conclude with, Kuhn’s theory is an alternative thought on the development of world’s science. The idea of “normal science” and “scientific revolution” that alter each other perfectly fits most of the significant changes of the world’s science through the history. Copernican revolution was one of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper


...Religious Community and Experience According to Robert Redfield, within each religion and culture there are two traditions - the great tradition andthe little tradition. The great tradition is the one that is sought by scholar and intellects, and tradition that is for the "literally elite," as it involves learning from books and other religious tombs. The little tradition, also known as folk religion, is the one done by the common people; it is now known as "popular culture." (Ellwood, 121-122.) The differences between the two is that in a greater religion, the practitioners have books and methods to use to reach their end in their faith, while in a little tradition, the practitioners are...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Philosophy: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions by Thomas S. Kuhn

.... Secondly, in setting out his theory of scientific revolutions, Kuhn states that a paradigm constitutes the development of a significant fact, which is then matched to existing paradigm theory, followed by empirical work that is undertaken to articulate the theory (Kuhn:25-29). But one of the problems inherent in this approach is that Kuhn fails to make a clear distinction between theory and models. He breaks up the empirical stage of experiments to verify theories into three sub-categories: (a) experiments to determine physical constants (b) experiments to verify quantitative laws, such as Boyle’s law...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Understanding Religious Experience

...Mysticism in a Woman’s World Traditions of Women Mystics by Religion and Philosophy Introduction The concept of spirituality transcends gender, as itis a nature of humans to search for an Ultimate Entity. However, the idea of “God” was only limited to men in the past centuries, as women were deprived of opportunities of intellectual growth. Their religious experiences were denied and were considered heretic just because they belong to the “weaker sex.” In Christianity, records of mysticism are important because it would become a basis of a Christian’s enduring faith. Despite of their position in the society, women mystics served a vital role in Christianity; their capacity to sympathize with suffering...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

James Burkes Narrative of Scientific Revolution and Carolyn Merchants Ecological Revolution

...A comparison between James Burke’s narrative of scientific revolution and Carolyn Merchant’s Ecological RevolutionJames Burke’s The Day the Universe Changed is a ten episode documentary television series, which narrates how specific technological and scientific advances have transformed the western way of life. The primary focus of the film is to highlight the effects of science and technology on the western philosophy. For example, episode 04 talks about how printing has transformed knowledge. The ancient world that relied largely on spoken word and memorized knowledge was significantly changed by Gutenberg’s discovery of printing...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

The Scientific Revolution

..., there is no doubt that the appearance of such scientific theories has provided new ways of perception for the traditional political, economic, and social methodologies. With the advent of theories such as that of evolution and spontaneous natural order, the idea of leaving things, including economic markets, to a natural order began to seem more sensible and humane. As a result, one may conclude that the scientific revolution did not only mark the sixteenth and seventeenth century; rather, it has influenced a variety of fields throughout the whole world till the present day. Works Cited Abdou, Filali-Ansary "Islam and Liberal Democracy: The Challenge of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Religious experience

...Running Head: English How do Islam, Christianity and Judaism view ‘Fortune’? Essay One of the most meaningful words that I have learned from my religious experience is ‘fortune’. Fortune, or widely known as ‘luck’, has a deeper meaning in our faith tradition-- Islam. It does not simply involve personal riches or material possessions for the Islamic tradition. It involves moral codes and conduct. We believe that an individual’s fortune is determined by his or her personal disposition in life and moral conduct. But some of us believe that every individual has two angels. The first one records the individual’s actions and conduct, while the second one prays or begs for him/her at the God’s court. The second...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Thomas Kuhn The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

...Thomas Kuhn: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Thomas Kuhn: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Introduction Kuhn’s philosophy of science derives inspiration from the history of science and pursues to describe how science develops. Kuhn asserts that an immature science is that which is yet to attain a paradigm. An immature science progresses to mature science with the adoption of its first paradigm. Stage two details the process of normal science comprising processes directed by, and essential for, maintaining scientific paradigms. Scientific revolutions are in direct conflict with normal science and emanate from some crisis amid the scientific field. Pre-Paradigm Stage The first stage, “pre-paradigm science,” details... ...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Religious Experience

...Wordsworths Religious Experience With Nature The five section poem provides a broad perspective over which a number of issues can be painted. Wordsworth has an intimate and close relationship with nature to the extent that it becomes a source of spiritual meditation. Wordsworth intimates that there is a realization of God in the natural setting. Throughout the poem Wordsworth employs religious expressions to illustrate his feelings. There are various elements of spirituality that are inherent in the subsequent passages of the poem. Case in point is that thoughts of spirituality and death are employed to define life after death (Wordsworth 33). Wordsworth feels closer to God when...
1 Pages(250 words)Book Report/Review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Structure of Scientific Revolution (Kuhn) and Varieties of Religious Experience: (James): An Analytical Review for FREE!

Contact Us