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Cognitive Psychology: Do Memories Reflect the Operation of Different Systems, or are They Different Ways of Accessing a Unitary Long-Term Store - Essay Example

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Cognitive psychology is the school of psychology which is used to examine the internal mental processes of the human system, including those such as problem solving, memory and language, and cognitive theory contends to the fact that the solutions to problems take the form of algorithms - rules that are understood, but which do not always necessarily guarantee solutions…
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Cognitive Psychology: Do Memories Reflect the Operation of Different Systems, or are They Different Ways of Accessing a Unitary Long-Term Store
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Extract of sample "Cognitive Psychology: Do Memories Reflect the Operation of Different Systems, or are They Different Ways of Accessing a Unitary Long-Term Store"

Download file to see previous pages In recent decades, it has become one of the principal pillars of a new branch of science called cognitive neuroscience, a marriage between cognitive psychology and neuroscience" (Wikipedia, 2007). There are many different issues within the realm of cognitive psychology that are important to discuss, and the aim of this paper is to discuss one of these issues in particular, which is memory; here we will be discussing the question of whether memories reflect the operation of different systems or whether they are different ways of accessing a unitary long-term store. In order to do this, not only are the terms memory and cognitive psychology going to be have to be discussed more, but as well any and all other key related issues. By doing this, we will be able to gain a much more informed and knowledgeable understanding on the subject matter at hand overall. This is what will be dissertated in the following.
Memory is the brain's power to remember things, and it comes in different forms, with three major different types of memory, which are: sensory, short-term, and long-term. Sensory memory is the type of memory which refers to those items which are detected by the sensory receptors, of which are retained temporarily in the sensory registers and which have a large capacity for unprocessed information but are only then able to hold accurate images of sensory information for a certain amount of time. There are also different types of memory within sensory memory, and "The two types of sensory that have been most explored are iconic memory and echoic memoryVisual sensory memory is more commonly referred to as iconic memory. Auditory sensory memory is known as echoic memory" (Eysenck & Keane, 2000). The short-term memory on the other hand is the memory which acts as a sort of scratch-pad for temporary recall of the information under process, and long-term memory is the memory which is intended for the storage of information over a longer period of time, and information from the working memory is transferred to it after only a few seconds, and, unlike in working memory, there is little decay.
Different domains or types of memory also exist within the brain, and, like a database for example, memory is organized in different areas of the brain. "A person, without effort, can remember their phone number, birthdates, the taste of chocolate, the sound of children playing, the scent of a rose, the knowledge of how to ride a bike, the feeling of fear and the intention to remember to pick up milk on the way home" (Hartwell, 2007). The three most major domains of memory are: knowledge memory, event memory and personal memory. With knowledge memory, this is the information that is taken in regarding the world and external things, and within the domain of knowledge memory, information about numbers, music, language, stories, and facts, for instance, are stored. Event memory, on the other hand, refers to "a person's ability to remember whether or not they have done something, where they have put something, when ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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