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Job Analysis and its Role in Human Resources - Essay Example

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As the world ushers in the Information Age, change is not only inevitable but it is occurring within a blink of an eye. As traditional methods of hiring employees are facing the pressures of a changing workplace, the recent trends such as rapid job change, organizational decentralization, the need for increased productivity, legal challenges and changing workforce are causing processes of human resources professionals to debunk their previous notions about what a job should be…
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Job Analysis and its Role in Human Resources

Download file to see previous pages... The importance of job analysis to HR managers is very crucial that it has been called the building block of everything their personnel does. Wright and Wexley (1985) reasoned out that the fact is that almost every human resource management program requires some type of information that is gleaned from job analysis. An appropriately executed job analysis could be beneficial for the company. This is because an organization will be able to undertake:
Work redesign-Often an organization seeks to redesign work to make it more efficient or to improve quality. The redesign requires detailed information about the existing job (s). In addition, preparing the redesign is similar to analyzing a job that does not yet exist.
Human resource planning-As planners analyze human resource needs and how to meet those needs, they must have accurate information about the levels of skill required in various jobs, so ...
Training-Almost every employee hired by an organization will require training. Any training program requires knowledge of the tasks performed in a job, so that the training is related to the necessary knowledge and skills.
Performance appraisal-An accurate performance appraisal requires information about how well each employee is performing in order to reward employees who perform well and to improve their performance if it is below standard. Job analysis helps in identifying the behaviors and the results associated with effective performance.
Career planning-Matching an individual's skills and aspirations with career opportunities requires that those in charge of career planning know the skill requirements of the various jobs. This allows them to guide individuals into jobs in which they will succeed and be satisfied.
Job evaluation-The process of job evaluation involves assessing the relative dollar value of each job to the organization in order to set up fair pay structures. If employees do not believe pay structures are fair, they will become dissatisfied and may quit, or they will not see much benefit in striving for promotions. To put dollar values on jobs, it is necessary to get information about different jobs and compare them.
Moreover, job analysis is also important from a legal standpoint. This is because the government imposes requirements related to equal employment opportunity. Detailed, accurate, objective job specifications help decision makers comply with these regulations by keeping the focus on tasks and abilities. These documents also provide evidence of efforts made to engage in fair employment practices. For example, to enforce the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission may look ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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