Employment is one of the most crucial aspects of life, immediately people are through with college, they are always looking out for employment opportunities. This always entails sending their resumes to prospective employers who vet them and thereafter decide whether they are fit for the job or not. …
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This always entails sending their resumes to prospective employers who vet them and thereafter decide whether they are fit for the job or not. Drug use has been on the rise the world over and employers are trying to work on reducing this trend. There are always a number of tests checking for drug use and any other thing that may be deemed unfit by the employer. Drug checking in employees is something that has caused great debate, with regard to the rights of the employees involved and this will be the focus of discussion in this paper. In 1988, the National Institute for Drug Abuse (NIDA) issued a directive on drug abuse programs for those employees in the public sector. Some of the drugs that were singled out for testing in employees included marijuana, cocaine, opiates, amphetamines and phencyclidine (537). However, some employees decide that they could test for alcohol since though it is a legal drug it was being highly abused by most employees. One of the justifications for workplace and drug testing by corporate is the fact that it is a requirement by the federal and state laws. This is as per the Drug Free Workplace Act of 1988 that also requires employees in private establishments to undergo drug tests so as to prevent drug use. This justification is further fuelled by the fact that most states and cities have laws concerning drug testing (541). Another reason why most workplaces advocate for drug testing is with regard to what the company in itself stands to gain, that is cutting of costs. For starters, insurance costs will be reduced due to the fact that fewer employees will have to be treated as a result of the problems that they may get after abusing drugs (539), for example, employees who take alcohol excessively and abuse other drugs may be susceptible to liver and lung infection sand this will be on the companies account when they are catered for by their insurance companies. Apart from that, the general productivity of the employees will increase when they do not have to visit hospitals all the time thus developing the whole company (539). Lastly, there is the general positive implication not only to the place of work but the society at large. When employers screen job applicants and their employees for drug use, they help reduce the general usage of the drug since most people will have the fear of being discovered. Most of the time, the use these drugs leads to a lot of crime, broken families, diseases and generally a downward trend of life and workplace screening helps in reducing all these problems (539). Most employers refer employees found to be using drugs to rehabilitation centers thus they are helped in case of other prospective jobs. Despite the fact that workplace drug testing is rather mandatory and is on the rise, there has been the debate as to the question that it affects employee’s civil rights. Some critics point out the fact that the ability of an employee to protect various assets and property must be weighed the right of the said individuals to their privacy (539). It is not fair to dismiss the capability of an employee to work simply based on the fact that maybe they did not pass a drugs test. Urine testing is one of the most commonly used method of testing for drug usage and is considered intrusive and an invasion of privacy (539). There are times when employees are requested to reveal all prescriptions and over the counter drugs that they may have taken within their last thirty days so as to get accurate results. This is not a fair practice due to the fact that it reveals an employee’s off-duty and private life as well as their medical history a matter that is private (539). Other than that, urine and blood tests can reveal other conditions such as pregnancy that may make an employee uncomfortable. Excretory
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Excessive use of alcohol can also be in conflict with terms of employment.The Medical Review Officer (MRO) collects samples of urine, blood, etc from employees (or candidates) and performs comprehensive exams in a laboratory to screen for drug usage. Once tell-tale traces are found out the employeee is liable to legal prosecution.
The researcher states that when employees feel that they are not being trusted by the employers, they experience job dissatisfaction and undergo workplace stress. For employees whose work is not field related or those who work in emergency fields, an affected employer-employee relationship weighs heavily on the reputation of the company and also on the lives of other people.
The recent times have seen a marked increase in drug use and therefore amplified the need for drug testing in organizations. Many employers are employing the drug and alcohol test agenda as a compulsory and vital part of the workplace so as to reduce the convolutions anon.
on (SAMHSA) of United States for the year 2007, 11,891 (21 to 25 yrs) and 19,977 (26 to 34 yrs) tested positive for consumption of illicit drugs such as marijuana, cocaine, hashish, etc. (SAMHSA, 2007) United Nations in its effort to combat drug use and abuse has initiated
There are some safety sensitive positions such as the position of a pilot that do not require drug abuse because they directly deal with human life. Transportation employees play significant role especially the drivers and train captains who carry hundreds of people and therefore drug testing may help in enhancing safety amongst clients.
However, there are legal, medical and moral issues that need to be addressed before any test is done randomly especially the common urine tests that many employees find themselves victim to.
Random drug tests are