In conclusion, a number of factors have contributed to the growth of FDI and trade. Many of these factors work in conjunction with each other. The Bretton Woods system, the Marshall Plan, the economic integration of Europe and NAFTA have all had a profound effect on FDI and the trade between nations.
Quite clearly, this cartel has made the oil industry an oligopolistic one, where these few counties, through their cartels control a significant portion of the production and prices and other producers are just passive observers. Like any other oligopoly, OPEC aims at profit maximization, through either reduction or increase in production
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The development of the housing industry in a country is dependent on the housing policies of the government of the country and by a number of other external factors like the demographic and the socio-economic situation. The financial crisis of 2007-09 had its roots in the housing market of the United States.
The governments of developing countries, like the more well-to-do industrialized nations, seek to reap more benefits than costs from the globalization. International exchange of technological innovations, a worldwide network of financial markets and trade and development of new institutions are essential components of globalization.
According to the paper, Wal-Mart is driven by the objective that they should serve their customers to the best way possible keeping the costs as low as possible but still earn a reasonable amount of profit. The paper will analyze the reasons as to why Wal- Mart is not good for the U.S. economy.
Islamic finance can also prove to be a panacea for wider financial issues. The solution to prevent future financial crises is in completing replacing the interest-based system with an equity-based system that is fair and favorable to both parties. Islamic finance is inherently an equity-based system that can fulfill this need
Globalization is a term that describes the increasing connectivity and interaction between all the countries and cultures of the world. Globalization has led to a complete integration of the different regions of the world especially the markets as the boundaries of the countries have started losing their relevance in terms of factor markets.
While looking at the withholding tax system as a whole and considering the lack of understanding on the part of the taxpayer of the tax system and how it operates leaves taxpayers with a huge burden to carry. The resultant end is high cost outlays to the business as well as a discouragement to carry out operations of business in Singapore.
Some people argued that globalization started as early as 1498. The strongest evidence shows that most of the globalization took place in the ninetieth century. The globalization does not involve the unhindered flow of labor, and some economists say that it can result in some harm to the fragile and smaller economies if used indiscriminately.
The magnitude of economic setback has engulfed a wide range of sectors including employment, public as well as private sector organizations, financial institutions, international trade, as well as public spending and investment. The current state of the economy is in dire need of reformative measures, beginning from local levels.
Nayyar’s discussion on globalization analyses the historical trend in relation to its implications for development. A picture of globalization during the 19th and 20th century is presented in which striking parallels are revealed. The discussion reveals that rapid growth and economic convergence are not what globalization has trailed.
Japan is said to be the principal trading and technologically manufacturing country of the world. Prior to the world war II Japan was the center of an empire that at times included Taiwan, Korea, Manchuria, much of eastern China, southern Sakhalin Island, and the Marshall and Mariana islands of the southwest Pacific Ocean.
The most commonly used definition for hyperinflation is proposed by Cagan who defined it as present in all cases in which monthly inflation has reached in at least one month fifty percent or more. Inflation patterns involve an extremely rapid increase in the level of inflation for a short period, which is often shorter than a few years.
As per reports, food prices and fuel costs have been going up globally, particularly in the United Kingdom. Referring to an Oxfam study, the report adds that this trend would continue over the next 20 years; and again, according to the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization, the whole prices of food reached its highest monthly figure.
The service sector has increased multifold to include services like banking, janitorial, education, entertainment, logistics, and healthcare among others. In developed countries, the service sector is the major employer so the impact of globalization and information technologies on the economy cannot be measured without considering the service sector.
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People staying in the United States are experiencing probably the most advanced living standards in the world. Industrial revolutions happened in the United States in the twentieth century gave momentum to the economic growth of the country. The United States is following a capitalist economy which has its merits and demerits.
The vertical axis of the diagram represented in the paper shows the construction of new schools while the horizontal axis represents the number of new telephone lines being made. S and N are respectively the maximum numbers of each item which could be made through expending all the available resource.
This study is now being conducted in order to establish the impact of the TRIPS on developing nations. This essay is being conducted in order to critically analyze the importance of TRIPS for developing countries. It will analyze the legal and political implications of the TRIPS, and examine its impact on multilateral trading between WTO member states.
The advisory services are more technical and of high quality. Clients can access essential services anywhere at any time by use of technology such as ATMs, credit cards and internet banking. The industry has also been able to offer products like insurance cover and real estate management due to client demand and sophistication
The role of SMA is to perform many traditional tasks of management accounting, with an emphasis on external market conditions that contribute to final service output and long-term positioning of the business in relation to competition and brand relationships with consumers and other relevant buyers.
This paper outlines that the banking crisis of 2007-2008 precipitated the deepest global recession since the 1930s and has led to calls for significantly tighter controls over banks’ activities. All across the globe, people have been hit by food inflation, a rise in unemployment and the vagaries of weather which have disrupted growth plans and the consistency of daily life.
Economics can be defined as the study of scarcity and how to allocate the limited resources and make sure that they are utilized maximally. Economic principles, therefore, are guidelines on how the economy works. Principles of economics can also be defined as methods or guidelines that economists use when dealing with economic issues.
If the government increases public infrastructure spending, then the first and foremost change that would take place would be an augmentation of the government’s share in the total spending of the economy. Now in economics, crowding out is any reductions in private consumption or investment that occurs because of an increase in government spending.
The South is the most distinctive region of the USA. John & Clayton (2004) state that, the 1861 to 1865 American Civil War greatly devastated the South both socially and economically and it took decades for the scars of the war to heal but the Southerners took this war as significant to their way of life particularly to the agricultural system.
Unequivocally, globalization is a force for greater inequality and people worse off for it. It will be argued that globalization is intrinsically a force for greater inequality. The systemic problems of globalization can be found in the structures of market capitalism and the ideology of neoliberalism.
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Digital economy, which is also referred to as web economy, internet economy or the new economy, refers to a type of economy, which is centered on digital technologies. The theory of the digital economy emerged during the last decade of the 20th century. A popular metaphor used to describe the digital economy is the shift from processing atoms to the processing of bits.
For a long time, India had an extremely protected economy, but with pressure from the international financial lending institutions, the government was forced to embrace a free-market system. The country has a large population and covers a substantial geographic area. With the reforms, India’s economic growth rate increased from 3%.
In the forex market, the traders and the individuals have different access levels unlike the stock market, where every client can access the same price of stocks like the other participants or individuals. Whereas in the forex market, on the top level, there are the biggest investment banking firms like Citi and Deutsche Bank
From this paper, it is clear that the Inability to objectively measure utility clearly indicated that it cannot be independently used to predict behavior and decision outcomes. The realization of this fact led economists to abandon their old ideas. Jevons commented that the human heart’s feelings may ever be measured by man.
The introduction of euro in the European Union was carefully prepared by the member states; however soon after its introduction, a series of problems appeared – related mostly with the lack of an appropriate framework for the regulation of issues referring to the use of euro in daily commercial transactions.
The video industry is a good venture but unless the government intervenes, the industry might collapse soon due to the many challenges. Californian is a state that has been facing major challenges which have an impact on economic. The economic strength of California will be weakened if the challenges facing the industry are not addressed
Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae are the federal government owned organizations but they were listed. It means they were also owned by the private owners. The main objectives of the organizations were to extend the secondary mortgage market. They used to purchase the mortgage from the lenders who originate them and traded them in the secondary markets
The choice by a government to apply either of the policy instruments depend on different factors of choice. First, the government may consider the effects on revenue. The immediate effect of a tariff is the generation of revenue to the government if the imposed tariff is not applied to prohibit consumption of a particular commodity.
The dividend cover of the company is 2.4 times in 2007 and has remained more or less stable over the years. For 2008 and 2009 the company reported a dividend cover of 2.6 times and 2.7 times respectively. A rise in the EPS of the company is accompanied by a rise in the DPS which has ensured a stable dividend cover for all the years.
The size of the banking sector, change in GDP and banking sector reforms are the other variables that contribute positively to bank performance. It can be recommended based on the study that the present tendency to blame the ownership structure of banks as the main reason for bank failures as inappropriate and wrong.
The People’s Republic of China also called China is the most populous country with over 1.3 billion people worldwide. With the introduction of the market based economic reforms in the year 1978, China became the fastest growing economy. It has also been the world’s largest exporter and the second largest importer of goods
The U.S. is mainly into the import of foods, feeds, and beverages, industrial supplies and materials, capital goods, and consumer goods. In the food category among others non-agriculture foods have been the least imported in January 2010 to 58 billion dollars while fish and Shellfish have been the highest to 1,093 billion dollars
There are notable differences between inflation targeters and non-inflation targeters, especially as depicted in their inflation volatility. In this regard, one concludes that inflation targeting countries experience low inflation volatility, then the non-targeters, which are highly volatile to inflation.
Qatar has to improve its energy, water, airports, ports, roads, wastewater facilities, and sporting facilities as well as causeways and railways. These mega-projects will cost over USD100 billion. As a means of achieving these substantial infrastructure goals, Qatar recognizes that significant financing measures will need to be enacted.
There was a severe decline in trade union density since 1979 experienced in both the public and private sectors. Several reasons contributed to the decline in trade union activity and number, the changes in British industrial relations was considered to be the main cause. The government didn’t see the role of the trade unions as a productive one.
International law has had to evolve tremendously in an era of globalization. Accordingly, globalization is an international phenomenon which has led to the proliferation of international legal standards throughout all four corners of the globe. Thus, international legal precedent resonates from London to Lagos and from New York to New Delhi.
This helps compliance department to monitor if the real-time cash flow of customer’s account complies with the document of Customer Due Diligence that is attached by the Relationship Officer or the Account Opening Officer at the time of account opening. Banks purchase and implement heavy software to monitor suspicious transactions
According to the research findings, since a significant part of the demand for shipping is driven by iron ore trading, fall in iron ore trades leads to a reduction of demand for shipping. The effect is shown in the diagram in the paper. As demand shifts down from original to its reduced level given the supply, the equilibrium price falls from P1 to P2.
Insider trading is the type of trading of a stock in a business or any other kinds of securities by persons with potential right of entry to non-public information regarding the organizations. In a majority of the nations, trading by company insiders, for example, officers, key workers, managers, and large shareholders may be lawful.
Russia came out as an independent state when the Soviet Union crumbled in 1991. The newly self-governing Russia tried to change its state socialist system, founded on state ownership of businesses and central planning, by a market means that is capitalist, based on physical assets and a market structure of harmonization.
In addition, various economists have presented their views on different kinds of reforms. The mentioned prospective financial regulatory reforms are demonstrating an enhanced control of regulators. The description of the reforms shows that they have the potential to contribute to the growth and prosperity of the financial and economic sector.
Marriott became international in 1966 and increased its properties and size when in 1979 it moved to its new international headquarters in Bethesda, Maryland. Marriott owns and operates properties in the premium, the business and budget hotels segment with its ‘Marriott Courtyard’ properties. Marriott also operates a significant portfolio of timeshare.
In conditions of continuous economic decline, the topic of economic development acquires new meaning. Financial crisis changes the pace and direction of economic development. In the midst of the financial turmoil, the success of the major economic initiatives predetermines each country’s ability to cope with the emerging economic complexities.
Reportedly, this paper will examine money laundering in the Middle East and its ties with terrorism. Specifically, this will be undertaken in the context of money laundering as previously defined - the act of converting money that is sourced from illegal activities so that it could be spent or consumed.
The economists over time have developed many theories related to the demand for money which at times has created different views with respect to the role of money in our economy. The research paper deals with the implication of different monetary theories. The purpose of the research paper is to deal with theories of the demand for money.