Aticle - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Same-sex pairs engaged in mutual preening and protecting their mates, often remaining together for long periods of time. For instance, a female couple on a nearby island has been…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94% of users find it useful
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Aticle"

Homosexuality: nature or nurture? Scientist Young and colleagues have found mated pairs of female Laysan albatross in Oahu Hawaii. Same-sex pairs engaged in mutual preening and protecting their mates, often remaining together for long periods of time. For instance, a female couple on a nearby island has been together for 19 years.
This indicates that homosexuality does occur in wild populations of animals, as well as within human populations. This creates ripples in the conventional debates on homosexuality. Is it correct to claim that homosexuality is unnatural if it is occurring in nature? Groups have long debated whether sexual preference is biological or is influenced by environment, and the repercussions this may have for homosexual law and culture in today’s society. In the gay marriage legalization debate, the media used the same sex bonded pairs of albatross (Zuk and Bailey, 658).
Sexual interaction between individuals of the same sex has been noted in populations of dolphins, sheep and monkeys. But first, it is essential to define what constitutes homosexual behavior. The female-female pairs of albatross were not seen to engage in sexual activities. However, this does not mean that a quick roll in the nest did not occur. This makes one wonder whether relationships between same-sex pairs, without copulation, still class as homosexuality.
Lack of the male species may have caused the same sex pairing among the albatross population. The preference of commitment over multiple partners then allows this same-sex behavior to persist over time. If a female pairs with another female, one or both may reproduce with a male, thereby increasing their chance of reproductive success in a pair rather than alone. This is known as co-operative breeding, where non-related adults help rear the young. However, this lacks the normal reproductive competition often seen between members of the same-sex. This form of co-operative reproductive challenges the ideas of the evolution of sexual reproductive strategies and orientation. Despite a possible increase in reproductive success in same-sex pairing than alone, these females are still in a dilemma. This is because the reproductive success of female-female pairs was less than that of female-male pairings.
Homosexuality in nature may have previously been over-looked. Female and male Laysan albatross are not physically distinguishable. This is a commonality in many seabird species. Consequently, scientists had to determine gender through genetic tests (Zuk and Bailey, 659). This is thoroughly resource consuming considering genetic technology is only beginning to emerging commercially. As a result, female-female pairing may have been previously mistaken for female-male pairing. More intricate and thorough search of homosexuality in nature, which makes use of new and emerging technologies in genetics, may lead to further findings of homosexuality behavior.
Note that homosexuality in wild populations seems to occur to a much lesser degree as compared to those in captivity. This leads scientists to question the purpose of same-sex interaction in terms of the evolution of a species. However, in captivity, there were other different-sex pairing alternatives available.
The proportion of female-female pairing to different-sex pairing in the Oahu albatross population is higher than recordings for any other bird species. Female-female pairing occurred at 31% of the 125 Laysan albatross nests observed. Further study into the population of albatross inhabiting the island of Oahu may provide answers to questions that this initial study poses.
The biological differences between the brain activity of gay and straight human beings has also been studied, the continuation of which is now supported by the findings of this study by Young and colleagues. These findings initiate further study and discussion into the nature of homosexuality and population ecology, and the implications this research may have for future debates on the place of homosexuality in human society.
Zuk, Marlene and Bailey, Nathan. “Birds Gone Wild: Same sex parenting in albatross.” The Trends in Ecology and Evolution 23.12 (2008): 658-660. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Aticle Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Aticle Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from
(Aticle Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Aticle Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words.
“Aticle Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document



...?        Positioning and Differentiation Strategies in relation to Bon Secours St. Mary's Hospital and HCA Henrico Doctor's Hospital in Richmond VA  Name   Subject   Professor   Date         With the rise of new hospitals around the country, marketing has become an essential practice in the promotion of services offered by these institutions to ensure their relevance in the health care sector. There are a number of strategies that can be in this practice. Two of the more common ones include positioning and differentiation strategies. Positioning strategies consist of the process whereby an organization places itself in the consumers’ minds through creating a unique identity that makes it hard for them to be forgotten. Positioning strategies...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Walden by Henry Thoreau

...? Walden by Thoreau Introduction The book by Henry Thoreau, Walden reveals the experimentation in individual autonomy and self dependence. The reading of the book takes one into the depth of Thoreau’s twenty six months sojourns where the author begins and ends his narrative in the month of spring. The book takes one into the lap of nature at the Walden Pond where the author spent 26 months of his life in the unity of nature and humanity and divinity. The book is a way by which the author shares his discoveries- the self discovery, the discovery of his inner being and the discovery of a way by which life can be led, with his reader. The author harps on the self sufficiency while penning down the book which is clearly evident from the lines... Walden by...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

War of the third Coalition

...reviewed scholarly articles were excluded from the search results, along with encyclopaedia entries which were in any case usually rather superficial. The selected internet sources are briefly described in turn with an emphasis on deciding how accurate and useful they are for academic purposes. Text 1 “Napoleonic Wars” (FAMT, undated). This source is an aticle on the whole series of Napoleonic Wars which has a brief paragraph on each of the coalitions. There is no author mentioned, and no firm date, although the site does suggest that all articles have been written between 2008 and 2010. The most striking feature of the article is its breezy style, and use of imaginative and emotive language, for example “Napoleon taught...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Hamdan vs. Rumsfeld 548 US 557 (2006) Case Study

...of the Conventions can validly be invoked by Hamdan because it covers individuals associated with neither a signatory nor a nonsignatory as long as it is in the territory of a signatory. In any event, the rationale behind Common Article 3 was to made it as wide as possible and to offer protections to those who cannot be covered by Aticle 1 or 2. Relevance: This case is important because it underscored the need to incorporate due process principles even in times of war and even against our worst enemies. I agree with the decision because indeed Constitutional proscriptions must remain sacrosanct if we are to continue as a democracy and continue as a leader spreading the message of democracy in parts of the world still...
3 Pages(750 words)Case Study

Journalism portfolio

...challenge is the counterfeit sunglasses in the market. However, the company has dealt with this by informing its customers of the unique features of its sunglasses, such as the lenses, frames and hinges, and the company logo on the sunglasses, which make it easy to differentiate between the real and fake Ray-Ban sunglasses (“Aticle Alley” 2011). This is the main information in the portfolio, which has helped demystify the success of Ray-Ban brand. This whole exercise of researching Ray-Ban has been a fulfilling one. To a greater extent, it has been like a learning process in the field of business. On the other hand, personal fulfilment came about in terms of making some discoveries about a concept that I had no idea...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Shanghai Commercial Real Estate Market Is there a Bubble under Prosperity

...SHANGHAI COMMERCIAL REAL E MARKET - IS THERE A BUBBLE UNDER PROSPERITY DECLARATION I ........................................ , confirm that this work submitted for assessment is my own and is expressed in my own words. Any uses made within it of the works of other authors in any form (e.g. ideas, equations, figures, text, tables, programmes) are properly acknowledged at the point of their use. A full list of the references employed has been included. Signed: .............................................. Date: .................................................. Table of Contents List of illustrations Abstract I. Introduction II. Research Methodology III. Shanghai Real Estate A. An overview of China's economic environment B. The retail... COMMERCIAL ...
41 Pages(10250 words)Essay

Writing a Critique to the Brad DeHaven's Aticle The Design of an Ideal Business

...In the article The Design of an Ideal Business, Brad DeHaven suggests ten points for consideration before deciding what business is right for a certain category of people. There is ambiguity in the subject itself. While the title of the essay is The Design of an Ideal Business, the subject is Ten Ways to Position your Business for Success and the question that he attempts to answer is What kind of business is right for you? The ten points highlighted by DeHaven cannot convince the reader of what kind of business is right for him or her. At the very outset, the impression that the article gives is that it is all about home based business through internet that the author discusses. He says home based business is cost effective... the article ...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Summary the aticle

...A Throw-Away Aesthetic In the early twentieth century, it was believed that aesthetics should be involved in industrial engineering, which was not hitherto done due to inadequate education. Machine products were brought within the orbit of pure aesthetics but three main factors were ignored – simplicity, objectivity and standardization. Nevertheless, objects cannot last lifelong and constant change and innovation in any product is imperative. It is absurd to expect durable aesthetic qualities in expendable products. In appreciation of aesthetics as a part of the engineering design, Le Corbusier regarded the engines of Bugatti cars as the highest models of engineering imagination. Jean Gregoine disagreed with this view. He... Throw-Away...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Project Part 3

... Project Part3 Professional web developers and designers start web based projects by acquiring all the content focusing on the primary audience and goal and organizing such content into a set of logical sections based on relevance to a target audience. A page structure, if properly designed, can lead to an appealing information layout and this can help site visitors to easily find and digest whatever information they have come for. As usual, if users cannot afford to easily find whatever information they have come for, they are less likely to come back (Neilsen) hence the need to have the web content properly organized prior to the development of a website. The purpose of this paper is to present all the text content that will be used... Project Part3...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Read the aticle, use social conflict to explain this article

... SOCIAL CONFLICT AS PORTRAYED IN THE SELLING OF ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDER (A.D.H.D) Introduction Social Conflict theory is rooted in Marxism and was advanced by Karl Max. He saw the society as always changing and characterized with conflict either between the bourgeoisie (wealth owners) and proletariats (workers) or conflict between any unequal groups such as gender disparity among individuals and racial affiliation in a societal setting (Crossman, 2011). The society expects men and women to perform different activities considered as gender roles. Men are viewed as protectors while women nurture homes. The whites are given better privileges and services compared to African Americans, Hispanics and Latinos (Crossman, 2011). Max... SOCIAL...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Aticle for FREE!

Contact Us