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This study namely ‘evolution of attitudes’ relating to homosexuality provides the explanation of the evolution of the sex marriage in the certain states of the United States. In this regard, a comparison has been made which denotes the changes of attitude that has occurred. In this study, a summarized explanation of The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) has been provided which reveals the reason of banning of DOMA by the Supreme Court of the US. Finally, it will provide a conclusion of the study discussing the acceptability of the evolution of the attitude relating to the homosexuality.
EVOLUTION OF ATTITUDES
The history of homosexuality in the US is shorter than that of Europe. Best recognized and biggest homosexual communities are present in the city of Los Angeles, New York and San Francisco. In the initial period of 20th century, a large number of US citizens had traveled to the big cities. And, they were forced to reside beyond their family structures. Especially for the women, it came as a new kind of experience. In this regard, during economic changes banning of gay incumbents in the military department had been witnessed. In November 1950, the first homosexual political organization was formed in the city of New York. The name of the party was Mattachine Society. Prior to 1953, under the ruling of president namely Eisenhower, homosexuality turned out to be a sufficient reason to terminate any federal employee from his or her job. Moreover, along with the other government agencies, defense agencies also followed the same way to identify and terminate the defense personnel. It is worth mentioning that during that period the US Postal Service used to put tracers on the suspected homosexuals to trace their actual sexual status. Incidence related to the political discrimination, brutality and police harassment were frequently faced by the US gay and lesbian communities. At that period of time, US administrators’ outlook towards the homosexual people was quite narrower (Ford, “A Brief History of Homosexuality in America”). PRESENT ATTITUDE Things have changed in the present day context by a significant extent. Various laws have been enacted in the US to promote intersexual marriage. However, still now, there are many concerned areas, scenarios of which still now have not changed. As reported by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), violence against gay citizens and the destruction of the gay property are on the rise (Ford, “A Brief History of Homosexuality in America”). There are thirteen US states and the District of Columbia, where same-sex marriage has got the legality. These states include Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, California, Delaware, Iowa, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Vermont, Maine, New York, and Washington. There are certain states that oppose
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But, now people are ready to reveal their homosexual behaviors publicly because of the increased acceptance of homosexuality in our society. In any case, the reason for homosexuality is a highly debated topic.
There is a lot of literature that talks about the homosexuality in the Greeks and the Romans. For example, the Emperor Nero in ancient Rome twice got married to men (Kulkarni, 2011). The Holy Books also discuss some nations that were punished for being homosexual. In the contemporary age, homosexuals are spread all over the world. Several countries have legalized homosexuality.
In this case, there has been a wide variation of the opinions expressed by different individuals. One opinion that captured my attention was in the New York Times newspaper on January 28 2012 by Frank Bruni.
The origins of homosexuality are believed to date back to the biblical times when the people of Sodom and Gomorrah are said to have been destroyed by God. Despite this, the practice found its way in societies that followed. Over centuries different theories have been developed by sexologists, doctors, writers to explain homosexuality.
As Cavendish (2010), points out, during those days, laws were enacted, which stipulated harsh penalties including death penalties for persons found guilty of homosexuality. Nevertheless, some mixed reactions started in the late eighteenth century when there emerged some activists endorsing the acceptance of homosexuality in the society.
Some of these theories are usually considered sensible while others have received negative criticism owing to the fact that they lack proof. This discussion will focus on a few misconceptions of evolution and attempt to provide support for the idea or even criticize it.
Of all the slang "gay" is the most popular. "Of the teachers of Association of Teachers and Lecturers (ATL) interviewed, 83% said they heard it being used regularly and much more than its nearest rivals, bitch (59%) and slag (45%) (Winterman, Denise).
In the 19th century, the term "gay" was used to convey gaiety, joyfulness, and a cheerful spirit.