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Nature and Nurture: Coexistence - Research Paper Example

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This paper discusses the interaction between hormones (the nature part) and behavior, and how these two determine gender identity. This also attempts to compare “nature” and “nurture” in terms of its greater influence on one’s gender identity and discusses current arguments regarding sexual identity…
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Nature and Nurture: Coexistence
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Download file to see previous pages Gender Identity: Biological Perspective
Decades of long debate have been established over this question. According to Jean Mercer (2012) in her article “That Old Nature-Nurture Question,” there is no truth as to the existence of either nature or nurture alone in the determination of one’s gender identity because the two “cannot exist separately from each other.” John Money (1994) agreed that gender identity is not the product of the genetic make-up or environment per se but on the interplay of the two components during “developmental differentiation” (pp. 71-79). However, there is a slight variation when it comes to the extent to which each of the two affects how a person identifies his or her gender.
In the field of Physiological Psychology or Biopsychology, however, genetics and hormones can affect a person’s gender identity according to some researchers. The phenomenon of homosexuality can be taken as an example. As defined by Exodus Global Alliance (2012), homosexuality means that a person is physically and emotionally attracted to someone belonging to the same sex. By gender roles, a man is a woman, and vice-versa. Ryan Johnson (2012) cited biological scientists’ claims that homosexuality can be explained from a biological perspective. The endocrine, specifically the hormones, plays a very important role in this phenomenon. When it comes to hormones, Valerie Grant (2005) in Psychology of Behaviour Identity said “serum testosterone” can be linked to both male and female’s “trait dominance.” ...
As defined by Exodus Global Alliance (2012), homosexuality means that a person is physically and emotionally attracted to someone belonging to the same sex. By gender roles, a man is for a woman, and vice-versa. Anything unusual to this is a violation of the society’s imposed gender role. Ryan Johnson (2012) cited biological scientists’ claims that homosexuality can be explained on a biological perspective. The endocrine, specifically the hormones, plays a very important role in this phenomenon. When it comes to hormones, Valerie Grant (2005) in Psychology of Behaviour Identity said “serum testosterone” can be linked to both male and female’s “trait dominance.” According to her, the amount of testosterone between males and females is largely different; the males’ source comes directly from their testes while females have sourced their testosterone from “peripheral tissues” (Grant, 2005, p. 2). In other words, male dominance can be attributed to its biological foundation, and the expression of submissiveness can be attributed to low levels of testosterone -- a condition that is seen among women. Catell (as cited in Grant, 2005) wrote that males scored higher than girls when it comes to dominance as shown in being “assertive, independent, confident, and stubborn.” These findings made him believe that there is a considerable relationship between a dominant behavior and the amount of testosterone which differs between the sexes. Grant (2005) believes that a specific gender role (say, dominance) is not socially defined but is explainable in terms of physiological psychology. In the case of women, testosterone level has also an effect when it comes to the way they act or perceive a situation. Purifoy and Koofsman (1979, as cited ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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