What Make Us Who We Are Nature vs. Nurture Debate - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
What make us who we are how far are human behaviours, ideas, and feelings, innate, and how far are they all learned These issues are at the focal point of that continuing debate that is often known as the nature versus nurture debate or controversy (Nature nurture vs., n.d.)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.7% of users find it useful
What Make Us Who We Are Nature vs. Nurture Debate
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "What Make Us Who We Are Nature vs. Nurture Debate"

Download file to see previous pages Whilst it is known that physical characteristics are hereditary, the genetics' role is still unclear when it comes to an individual's behaviour, intelligence, and personality. Ultimately, the old argument of nature vs. nurture has never really been won. We do not yet know how much of what we are is determined by our DNA and how much by our life experience. However, one thing is sure, both nature and nurture play a part in making us who we are today (Powell, 2003).

Nature versus nurture is a shorthand expression for debates about the relative importance of an individual's innate qualities ("nature") versus personal experiences ("nurture") in determining or causing individual differences in physical and behavioral traits (Nature vs. nurture, 2006). The use of the terms "nature" and "nurture" as a suitable catch-phrase for the roles of heredity and environment in human development can be traced back to 13th century France. Some scientists think that people behave as they do according to genetic predispositions or even "animal instincts." This is known as the "nature" theory of human behaviour. Other scientists believe that people think and behave in certain ways because they are taught to do so. This is known as the "nurture" theory of human behaviour (Powell, 2003).
Although "nurture" may have historically referred mainly to the care given to children by their parents, any environmental (not genetic) factor also would count as "nurture" in a contemporary nature versus nurture debate, including one's childhood friends, one's early experiences with television, and one's experience in the womb. Indeed, a substantial source of environmental influence to human nature may come from stochastic variations in prenatal development. Moreover, although childhood experience (especially early childhood experience) is often regarded as more influential in who one becomes than post-childhood experience, a liberal interpretation of "nurture" might count all life experience as "nurture (Nature vs. nurture, 2006)."
The nature vs. nurture debate is one of the most enduring in the field of psychology. In the 17th century the French philosopher Ren Descartes set out views which held that people possess certain inborn ideas that enduringly underpin people's approach to the world. The British philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, on the other hand, took a more empirical approach emphasising the role of experience as fully contributing to behavioral development (Nature nurture vs., n.d.). Since the days of Descartes, Hobbes, and Locke, the empirical "nuture" approach has possibly tended to have the best of the argument but the debate is far from being settled (Nature nurture vs., n.d.).
The Nature Theory - Heredity
Scientists have known for years that physical characteristics such as eye color and hair color are dictated by specific genes encoded in each human cell. The Nature Theory takes things a step further to say those more abstract traits such as intelligence; personality, aggression, and homosexuality are also encoded in an individual's DNA (Powell, 2003).
The Nurture Theory - Environment
Whilst not discounting that genetic tendencies may exist, supporters of the nurture theory believe they ultimately don't matter - that our behavioural aspects originate only from the environmental factors of our upbringing. Studies on infant and child temperament have revealed the most crucial evidence for nurture theories (Powell, 2003)
Researchers on all sides of the nature vs. nurture debate agree that the link between a gene and behaviour is not the same as cause and effect. Whilst a gene may ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“What Make Us Who We Are Nature vs. Nurture Debate Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1506728-what-make-us-who-we-are
(What Make Us Who We Are Nature Vs. Nurture Debate Essay)
“What Make Us Who We Are Nature Vs. Nurture Debate Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1506728-what-make-us-who-we-are.
  • Cited: 1 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF What Make Us Who We Are Nature vs. Nurture Debate

Nature vs. Nurture

...? Nature vs. Nurture Nature vs. Nurture A child normally undergoes five different developmental stages; Social, Physical, Intellectual, creative and emotional. These developmental stages depend heavily on two factors; nature and nurture or heredity and environment. Nature and nurture can influence the physical, mental, emotional and social development of a child in different ways. Even if a child’s nature or heredity is sound, it doesn’t mean that the child may develop properly if brought up in a poor environment. Same way, even if a child brought up in a healthy environment, it doesn’t mean that he may develop properly, if nature or heredity happens to be poor. This paper briefly analyses the importance of nature and nurture... from...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Nature vs Nurture

...?[Your full April 5, Nature versus Nurture Part The nature versus nurture debate illustrates whether a human being is just formed by pieces of flesh with biological predispositions and genes responsible for his behavior, or there is also an intellectual soul residing in him that is able to learn and acquire behaviors and attitudes that are not innate. Every human being has some inborn or hereditary qualities that are passed over to him through genes; but, there are a lot of other qualities that he learns over time through knowledge and experience. Whether humans are a result of hereditary information or they are modified by their environment in which they...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Discuss nature vs. nurture

...? The Making of the Self Exploring the Factors Influencing Human Behavior The peculiar unfathomable desire of human beings to know more about themselves, their nature and origin, is very much reflected by the production of numerous researches and studies throughout the history. Many scholars from different fields like sociology, psychology, biology and philosophy proposed different answers to our questions. Consequently, major findings about this event introduce clashing ideologies that fundamentally categorizes areas of knowledge. The ‘nature versus nurturedebate for instance is one of the binaries that offer certain perspectives explaining human...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Nature vs Nurture

...is also sometimes called as DNA versus Destiny. Steen (2001, p.23) talks about the “split twin” approach in his book. This was a study conducted with two twins who were separated after their births and taken to two different cultures and different households to observe the change in their personalities and behaviors when they grew up. This study aimed to prove the importance of the both the nature and nurture parts of the debate or, in other words, the genes and the environment in which the twins were reared. He asserts that the study can be much more helpful if both the identical (monozygotic) and fraternal (dizygotic) twins are involved in the experiment because the...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Intelligence Nature versus Nurture Debate

...to read these cues was related to education and the extent of exposure to European civilization. Bantu individuals who had been educated in European schools or who were more familiar with European culture saw things as Europeans did, whereas those with little schooling or education tended to see things differently. Here, we ask ourselves another question: Is intelligence ‘learned’? Is there any such thing as an intelligent illiterate person – one who is naturally intelligent, but not lettered? Does schooling really make us see and think differently? Scribner (1979) questioned whether logic and problem-solving abilities...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Nature vs. Nurture

...? Nature vs. Nurture Nature vs. Nurture In the study of psychology one of the most debated topics is that of nature versus nurture. This debate entails questions whether the behavior and the mental processes are influenced by the genetics, heredity, or are a product of the environment and learning. Nature in this debate is the heredity or that which is inherited, whereas nurture is what is learned from the environment and other influences from it like experience. The phrase nature versus...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Nurture vs Nature

...out to be intelligent. This view of African Americans has been challenged by many and history has proved Jenson’s research wrong. Conclusion The nature versus nurture debate is surrounded by the believe that individuals inherit traits that direct behavior, while those who support the nurture part of the debate state that the environment is the underlining factor in the behavior exhibited by an individual. References Baron, R. A., & Richardson, D. S. (1994). Human aggression (2nd ed.). New York: Plenum Press. Myers, D. G. (2013). Psychology. New York, NY: Worth Publishers. Nevid, J. S. (2009). Psychology: concepts and applications (3rd...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Nature vs. nurture

...Nature vs. nurture The debate over what determines who we are, whether it is Nature (heredity) or Nurture (our surroundings) is taking a new shape. Is nature or nurture responsible for our actions Have we remained creatures of nature Can we resist natural influences with the power of our critical thinking During the past decades, psychologists have created different theories to make clear the characteristics of human-beings. Usually, these theories were one directional in the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Resolving the Nature Vs Nurture Debate

...Resolving the Nature Vs Nurture Debate Darwin’s idea of evolution of species through natural selection revolves around the notion that individual differences are heritable, thereby leading to heritable changes from generation to generation, and the emergence of a completely new species. Darwinism completely shifted the view of human behaviour, thereby giving rise to two broad approaches to the study of animal behaviour in Europe and America (Harman, 2007). Two pioneers of the European school, the Austrian Konrad Lorenz and the Dutch zoologist Niko Tinbergen, collaborated in the founding of “ethology”, the scientific study of behaviour, in the 1930s. J.B....
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic What Make Us Who We Are Nature vs. Nurture Debate for FREE!

Contact Us