Nobody downloaded yet

Drug and Alcohol Abuse - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Epidemiology, the distribution and determinants of disease occurrence involving alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs (ATOD), plays an increasingly important role in planning and programs involving substance use, abuse, and dependence. Traditionally, the search for genetic influences in any complex disorder begins with studies of families, twins, and adoptees affected with the condition…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.3% of users find it useful
Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Drug and Alcohol Abuse"

Download file to see previous pages Because they have family and genetic ties to an alcoholic, these people carry an increased risk of severe alcohol problems themselves, from two to four times that of children of nonalcoholic parents (Rutter, 2002).
When children of alcoholics reach adolescence or adulthood, they might be slightly more likely to have problems with marijuana-type drugs or with stimulants such as cocaine or amphetamines. In the fields of psychology and psychiatry, there is interest in tracing the origin of certain personality traits thought to be common among adult children of alcoholics. These traits may or may not come about because of specific alcohol-related experiences in the childhood home. They may instead stem from the general childhood environment, in which an individual was raised, additional psychiatric conditions among the parents, or general factors associated with a disordered childhood home (Rutter, 2002).
There has been steady accumulation of evidence that there is familial aggregation in alcohol abuse and dependence, which seems to be in part determined genetically. The results of more than four decades of family, twin, and adoption studies in alcoholism, although not unanimous, conjunctively provide impelling evidence that genetic influences play important roles in this and related drug abuse disorders. More specifically, 40% to 60% of the variance in heritability of alcoholism can be attributed to genetic factors (Plomin and Asbury, 2005).
Family studies which draw upon the basic design of the assessment of risk for developing the disorder in relatives of probands, who are individuals manifesting the phenotype or trait with the rates in the relatives of control groups have demonstrated that that rates of alcoholism are substantially higher in relatives of alcoholics than in relatives of nonalcoholics, with children of alcoholics demonstrating a four- to fivefold increased risk for developing the disorder. This increased risk appears to be relatively specific for alcoholism, with most family studies showing an increased rate for the disorder among relatives of alcoholic probands, while the same group does not show higher rates of other mental disorders, such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Several major twin studies have directly addressed the concordance rates for alcoholism in identical versus fraternal twins. These studies have found that the concordance rate for alcoholism in male monozygotic pairs was greater than that for dizygotic twins (Stallings et al., 2005).
This led to search for a common genetic factor that might be inherited and would increase the epidemiologic risk of these disorders. Family, twin, and adoption studies indicate that genetic variation influences the risk of abuse on alcohol and nicotine. Studies on other illicit drug abuse indicate both genetic and familial contributions to the development of illicit substance use disorders. The commonly held hypothesis on substance use disorder is that common genetic risks may explain at least partly their comorbidities.
Thus these indicate that the vulnerability to abuse and addiction is at least partly determined by a genotype, the characterization would most probably be multifocal. The question remains whether these point to vulnerability to a ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Drug and Alcohol Abuse Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Drug and Alcohol Abuse Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“Drug and Alcohol Abuse Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Drug and Alcohol Abuse

Drug and Alcohol Abuse amongst Teenagers

...?Drug and Alcohol Abuse among Teenagers There are three identified major perspectives in sociology that aim to evaluate diverse social phenomena: “the symbolic interactionist perspective, the functionalist perspective, and the conflict perspective. These perspectives offer sociologists theoretical paradigms for explaining how society influences people, and vice versa” (Cliffs Notes, par. 3). The aim of the current essay is to apply two of the three sociological perspectives, particularly the functionalist and the conflict theories in the topic, drug and alcohol abuse among teenagers. The discourse would initially provide appropriate...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Alcohol and Drug Abuse

...?Alcohol and drug abuse Introduction: Alcohol and other drug abuse is one of the most critical public health issues faced by the nation, particularlythe youth, in recent times (CDC, 2012a). Alcohol and drug abuse, among both - the adult as well as underage population significantly hampers the development and well-being of individual health as well as that of the nation. It hampers the ability of individuals to participate actively in their academic and professional activities effectively and leads to increased incidences of crime, economic costs and health-care costs and loss of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Drug and Alcohol Abuse in Teenagers

...What is the relationship between eating disorders, cutting behaviour and alcohol and drug abuse in teenagers in Australia Introduction Cutting behaviour is self-mutilating, and this is a type of self-harm behaviour. This is known to occur among a subgroup of individuals with eating disorders. From a clinical perspective, SHB among those with eating disorders has been associated with early histories of abuse, dissociation, multi-impulsivity, personality disorder, and borderline personality disorders (Sansone & Levitt, 2002). In the eating disorder literature, there are several available studies examining the prevalence of self-harm behaviour among those with eating...
14 Pages(3500 words)Research Paper

Alcohol/drug abuse among college students

...Alcohol Drug Abuse among College Introduction Alcohol abuse could lead to more than100,000 incidence of mortality in the United States each year. (WebMD, 2007) Substance such as drugs and/or alcohol abuse leads to a poor physical appearance, health, social, and mental deterioration. As part of the study, the researcher will discuss about the influence of alcohol/drug abuse and binge drinking on biosocial, psychosocial, cognitive development; its impact on developmental course of relationship; as well as its influence on health, strength, physical...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Drug and Alcohol Abuse on the Police Force

... Introduction Drug and alcohol abuse can affect individuals of every background and history. In the US, one of the greatest rates of drug abuse and alcoholism is found among police officers as compared to other industries and professions. Unfortunately, although drug and alcohol abuse has become a serious and prevalent problem among the police force, it is very hard to find statistics on among this group because many police officers are who suffering from addictions do so in silence (More, 5). Research indicates that approximately 90% of police officers use alcohol and other drugs to some extent, the greatest reason being on-the-job stress – they consume them as a way of helping them deal with the stress that is related to being... in Iraqi...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Argument for people to use recreational drugs in the 1960 is danger

3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Drug and Alcohol Abuse in Teenagers

...Drug and Alcohol abuse in Teenagers Introduction Undeniably, drugs and alcohol use in teenagers is major problem among American youths today. Many students continue to loose their lives, discontinue their education, and become social misfits in our society. The government continue to spend millions of dollars to offer health services to victims of alcohol and drug abuse not to mention the many who die form road carnage from drunk drivers. It is evident that drug usage and alcohol consumption is now acceptable in our institutions and homes. What is the parents role in...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Drug and Alcohol abuse among teens

...Drug and Alcohol Abuse among Teens Drug and Alcohol Abuse among Teens Introduction Drug abuse refers to misuse of or destructive pattern in the use of substances that attributes to significant social-economic constraints. Alcohol abuse follow suit; it refers to a condition in which people deliberately or otherwise use alcohol against recommended levels and standards (Castillo, 2008). Globally, drug and alcohol use among teens is on a tremendous increase. There exists a general trend in abuse of both legal and illegal drugs. Teens get involved in prescription drug abuse such as narcotics specially prescribed to relieve severe pains and stimulant medications. The trend is already a global menace. Teenagers often fail to visualize... the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Alcohol and Drug Abuse in Men Who Sustain Intimate Partner Violence

...Alcohol and Drug Abuse in Men who sustain IPV Alcohol and Drug Abuse in Men Who Sustain IPV Summary The research widens readers understanding of the male Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). It addresses the question whether there exists an inherent relationship between alcoholism and IPV. The article presents a series of examples tending to offer answers to the highlighted questions. Hines and Douglas (2012, p. 31) highlight a study by Simons et al. 2008, that IPV victimization is associated with increased rates of alcohol and drug use. According to the study, men are at high risk of IPV....
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

The Risky Us High School Behavior, Drug Abuse and Alcohol Impairment

... The Risky Us High School Behavior, Drug Abuse and Alcohol Impairment Impaired driving has become the issue of the researchers to investigate into details among the US High School students. The researchers carried out have presented the findings and the participation of the students in the drug abuse and risk behavior. The main concern of the researchers was examining prevalence of the impaired driving behavior among US high school students and associations with risky driving behavior. The teenage risky behavior was because teenagers have failed to identify the risky, preferring risks or the consequences associated with such behavior, (Li, Simons-Morton & Hingson, 2013). The elevated... ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Drug and Alcohol Abuse for FREE!

Contact Us