In a religious sense, the term Muslim world refers to the whole people who follow the teachings of Islam. From a modern geopolitical perspective, this term is used collectively to refer to Muslim-majority countries and regions…
Download file to see previous pages...
In a religious sense, the term Muslim world refers to the whole people who follow the teachings of Islam. From a modern geopolitical perspective, this term is used collectively to refer to Muslim-majority countries and regions. During the period of Rashidun and Umayyads, the Caliphate grew quickly and the Muslim power expanded beyond the Arabian Peninsula. Although the Islamic dominance on political issues has notably increased over the last century, intrusion of Western powers into Islamic regions and other international conflicts reduced the influence of Islam in the contemporary history. During the period between the early 15th and early 20th centuries, the history of the Muslim world is characterized with particular events, processes, and encounters. This paper will discuss some major events in the history of the Muslim world such as Sunni reform movement, fall of Granada, and the fall of Constantinople. Sunni Reform Movement Deobandi Movement, a popular Sunni reform movement is one of the major events that rewrote the entire history of the Muslim world. As Sankar and Mandal describe, the movement began in India as a reaction to the British colonial rule, and spread to the neighboring countries like Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, etc. which later came to be the hub of this movement (62). Very recently its waves have reached South Africa and the United Kingdom. The term Deobandi derived from Deoband, the place where Darul Uloom Deoband, a Sufi School started in the year 1866 is situated. However after the partition of Pakistan and Bangladesh from India, India lost its prominence and Pakistan and Afghanistan became prominent promoters of this movement. The overwhelming prominence of Deobandi movement in Pakistan and Afghanistan soon made its spread to the other parts of the world. History Sunni reform movement is believed to have its origin in Asian countries like Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. However some say that the movement was first originated in India as a reaction to the British colonialists. Those who say that this movement is originated in India point that the Sufi school Darul Uloom Deoband, from which the term ‘Deobandi’ is derived, is situated in India. Nadwatul-Ulama Lucknow and Darul Uloom Karachi are two notable Hanafi seminaries of Deobandi Schools. However, the historians and Muslim scholars say that the movement was present in other neighboring countries of India at the same time. In this context it has to be noted that the founding fathers of Debandi Movement were very much influenced by the Wahabi Movement that was present in Saudi Arabia. The only difference between the Wahabis and the Deobandis is visible in their approach to Ashri and Maturidi creeds. While the latter ascribe to both the creeds, the former adhere only to the literal meaning of both the creeds. Currently the movement is spread across the world including South Africa and the United Kingdom. Though it reached these countries very recently, it has become very strong in these countries. Consider how it is growing in the UK. At present, over 600 of the total 1500 mosques here are under the control of Muslim scholars who favor Deobandi Teachings. Adding further, around 17 Islam seminaries; there are total 26 Islam seminaries in the UK, are following the same teaching. It means that more than 80 percent of the total domestically trained Ulema or Muslim scholars are trained to follow Deobandi doctrines. Spreading of Sunni movement Currently Sunni movement is present in many countries and continents including the United Kingdom, South Africa and Asia, the continent where it actually originated. Now it has become
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
The plight of women can perhaps only be understood by other women. All women feel the same and want the same, to love and to be loved, to be protected and cared for. Through her paintings, Kahraman reaches out to women and represents them.
” However, elsewhere in the world, threats, security concerns and social unrests are more evident in the Muslim countries. Ideological extremism and economic differences manifested fully in such violent and inhuman attack 9/11 attack of the United States allegedly done by militant extremists led by then Osama bin Laden.
It is a matter of worthy attention that throughout the last fourteen centuries of Islamic law in this world, the issue of women rights and inequality with regards to society, politics, and cultures as compared to the opposite gender has been a constant target of numerous media dialogues. The cause of this constant criticism is not difficult to notice.
This was the most important period in the Islamic history since it also involves the caliphate of the first four caliphs thus making it similar to the apostolic age of Christianity. The period of the Caliphs is highly regarded by Muslims as the greatest turning point of the Islamic religions and they strongly use this period as guidance to their subsequent lives.
This group has advocated the re-interpretation of the Quran for greater harmony with the twenty-first century. Others, however, have argued the impossibility of interpreting the Quran, the very heart and core of Islam, in any way intended to satisfy a predetermined objective.
Women have always been exploited and mistreated by the old perception of religion that women are not equal to men. This lead to very critical questions for instance, what are the effects of religion on women.
The relationship between women and religion has not been a good one for quite sometimes.
Most of the Middle East, Africa and India are in fact of Islamic persuasion. Just like with any religion, there are those who follow the religion casually simply because it is the religion of their ancestors. There are
ested that the ruler himself should be governed by the people when he said that, “I have been given authority over you but I am not the best of you. If I do well, help me, and if I do ill, then put me right (Ishaq, Pg. 3)”. Mulk does not really present a method of selecting
The purpose of this study is to understand the point of view of the selected target people regarding the research topic and to have a complete idea about the main obstacles that prevent them from developing their career. Also, to get more information from an existing leader which will add valuable information to the research objectives.