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12 pages (3000 words)
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, Literature review
Clinical Audit is a concept developed just in 1991 and primarily “evolved as an attempt to clarify the confusion created by the uniprofessional audit; the idea was to bring the professional groups together to design and conduct the audit, based on a collectively agreed clinical outcome” (Antony et al., 2002, 171).
West Nile Virus was first discovered in the African continent, in Uganda in 1937. It has spread outside its native borders to Europe and the United States. The virus causes illness to birds, horses as well as humans. It was first discovered in New York City in 1999. Since then, it has spread to 47 states. It has been detected in humans, animals, and mosquitoes.
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The author states that the cultural perception of marijuana is that it has a lower level of risk, and both adolescents and adults do not see the need to treat marijuana-related problems. There is a need for the public about successful treatment options to help adolescents. Marijuana use is high in states that have legalized its use.
The author states that clinicians have long recognized the importance of identifying and addressing psychosocial aspects of cancer. Professional clinicians groups insisted that a strong focus on comprehensively meeting the needs of persons with cancer should be made. For half a century various service groups throughout the world offer support services.
According to the title and aims of the research, this paper reports a study whose aim was to assess the quality of care in ostomy patients seen from a patient perspective. In this case, the researcher-respondent relationship had been misunderstood and the role of the researcher as a "research tool" is not apparent.
Fortification of food offers a preventive strategy that is a less invasive alternative to laxatives and enemas in the management of constipation in elderly individuals. The low cost and relatively simple fortification of usual foods with finely processed fiber such as pea hull can significantly increase total dietary fiber offered.
Renault, Signoret, DeBruille, Breton & Bolger establish a causal relationship between damage to the ventral routes and prosopagnosia whereby damage in this area manifests itself in the inability to consciously recognize distinctive faces. Conversely, if the dorsal route is intact some facial discrimination is possible on an unconscious level.
The author states that heroin is a potent opiate drug processed from morphine. With repeated administration of heroin, an addict can develop a high level of tolerance. In most study series, “the pregnant addicts were young, unmarried or separated, lacking in social supports and disproportionately concentrated in minority ethnic groups.
6 pages (1744 words)
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, Research Paper
The nature of the nursing work is very similar in all the various areas of nursing now, for instance, the C.N.A., L.P.N., and A.C.N.A., have work responsibilities that include performing routine tasks under the supervision of R.N. nursing staff. The answer call bells, deliver messages, make beds, and help patients eat, dress, and bathe.
The easiest way to detect spoilage in vegetables and fruits it the odour and appearance they exhibit. Dairy products spoil mainly due to yeast, mold and bacteria. When stored in unsuitable temperatures and pH the microorganisms multiply and make the products unsuitable for consumption. The consumption of spoilt food leads to cases of food poisoning.
Maintaining good health conditions in a healthy environment is a basic requirement for people in any country. It is a fact that there are few factors that do not support a healthy lifestyle. In current times, the one factor that is increasing the unhealthy lifestyle is environmental change where the latest technologies are changing the lifestyle and transforming the living style of human beings.
Over the last 20 years, diabetes has become one of the greatest and the most commonly known chronic diseases all over the world. Normally, diabetes is not an aging condition and is capable of infecting any individual at any stage of his or her life. It is commonly experienced in a young age, old age and even sometimes in pregnant mothers.
Trade Union Congress (TUC) is formed by a collection of various over 69 trade unions that operate in Europe (Croft 2011, p. 25). In each country, the congress has representative trade union members, whose major role is to air the grievances of the workers to the European Union or the respective countries.
An effective return to work plan should meet some of the following points. Firstly, the employee has the objective of returning fully to the former position of production he or she was before getting sick, or it should help an employee to start a new type of work if returning to the former work proofs difficult.
Organ donation is the procedure of extraction and transplantation of feasible organs from the giver to the beneficiary. The need for feasible organs offsets the supply. This is illustrated through statistics that point out that in about every 18 minutes; somebody is added to the countrywide waiting register for an organ transplant.
Obesity is coming up as an issue that is engulfing the well-being of individuals in the present era, as it is emerging as an epidemic in the United States of America. The incidence of obesity amongst adults has become two-fold in the past couple of decades intensifying the health concern and related issues of the inhabitants (Flegal, 2010).
Organ transplantation refers to the surgical removal of one or many organs from one person (the donor) to place it into the body of another person (the recipient) commonly for medical reasons. In most cases, the donated organs are derived from dead people, but in some times, these organs can be removed from living beings (Ballard, 2009).
The author states that food insecurity is a more common thing in developing than it is in developed countries. However, this does not mean that it is an issue in developed countries. There are often misconceptions about what food insecurity is. For instance, some people might assume that hunger and food insecurity are the same things.
Human papillomaviruses or simply HPVs are a group of related viruses. Some of the HPVs have the potential to cause cervical cancer and these types of HPVs are called high risk or carcinogenic HPVs. Nearly 40 types of HPVs may transmit from one person to another through sexual contact. Gardasil is a vaccine developed to prevent certain types of HPV related complications.
A tumour can develop to the point of interfering with the circulatory, nervous or digestive systems according to Medical News Today (2013). They can also harm the body by releasing hormones that change body functions. When a tumour stays in one location and grows to a limited extent, it is often considered to be benign.
Studies have shown that the correlation between the body mass index and social class varies globally. Reviews have shown that in the more developed countries, women of a high class have a lower likelihood of being obese as compared to those of a lower class but no significant differences were observed in men among different social classes.
Research indicates tobacco and alcohol usage as the main cause of preventable deaths in modern society. Various reviews from the professor and other students, assert evidence that the society engages in the production and use of the substances. They assert that products from the two categories contribute to a greater GDP measure compared to other manufactured products.
The author states that the most likely way through which human beings get infected with the bacteria is by consumption of impure water or food. Other than food poisoning, salmonella could also bring about typhoid, a serious illness that may lead to death if not quickly and carefully handled.
Clinical trials have also been popularly referred to as clinical studies, treatments of test potentials within human volunteers in order to deduce the efficiency of the respective modes of treatment before they are eventually administered to the greater population of patients with a similar disorder as the given subject. Such treatments might range from drug administration, use of medical devices.
Peer pressure can be used to motivate kids not to smoke too. Educational institutions should come up with creative means of establishing clubs and groups which do not smoke and give them extra perks in or rewards like fewer study hours or grace marks. They can reward students who bring in a friend or two to the group with small rewards like a mobile recharge.
Early childhood schools are the best schools to target during initial or preliminary stages. Consequently, the advancement will be made on other educational institutions. As the timeline suggests, strengthening the knowledge of the individuals in the community will also develop a starting point in collaboration with educational institutions.
It is important to ensure that there are changes and reviews to the laws which have been put in place concerning the illegalization of the use of marijuana, both for medical and pleasure purposes. This is especially true of medical marijuana because these laws have come to categorize its use as being at the same level as that of using it for pleasure (Bostwick, 2012).
Drugs are very harmful to our health and marijuana is not an exception. Marijuana affects our brain and can be the cause of many troubles including traffic accidents, which frequently happen because of drugs. Those women who use marijuana during pregnancy risk to lose the fetus or to give birth to a very sick child.
Sampling techniques involve non- probability which will be adopted in this study to draw the sample from the population. Data collection will involve surveys, edited and coded in preparation of data analysis. Desk study will then be done to obtain independent information that will help in supporting the hypothesis.
Similarly, preventing a particular group from accessing health services is against the professional ethics of physicians. Providing quality care to everyone and promoting patient safety is important to physicians’ professional ethics. When health care is denied to refugees, it would adversely affect patient safety.
The participants in this research came from a cocaine rehabilitation center in New York. As a result of time constraints, and for the researcher’s convenience, only 30 participants were selected for the research. The convenience sampling method was used in the research to select the thirty contributors.
In 2011, an interview was conducted to find out if there was any kind of relationship between welfare money and the rate at which beneficiaries take drugs. Pregnant women are no exception and were given one warning “You must detox from methadone or I will throw you in jail for the rest of your pregnancy”.
Legalize physician-assisted suicide benefits the well-educated, well off, typically suffering from cancer, which is used to basically controlling everything in their lives. On the other hand, the poor, less educated and dying patients who are seen as a burden to their societies, are most likely to be abused if physician-assisted is legalized.
Death is the unavoidable fate of every human being. When faced with death, the question that may linger in your mind is whether or not a third party should be allowed to intentionally terminate the life of a patient or help that patient to commit suicide. Many have argued for or against the concept of physician-assisted suicide.
The author states that exposure to vibration by workers has not been viewed as a health hazard by many. Vibrations can be felt, but the determination of its harmful effects remains next to impossible. Vibration is defined as oscillations instigated mechanically from an object and originates from an equilibrium point.
The word euthanasia can be defined in a number of ways. Keown, for example, explicates euthanasia to involve "Doctors making decisions which have the effect of shortening a patient's life and that the decisions are based on the belief that the patient would be better off dead" (10). Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide (PAS) are similar as both involve ending the life of the patient.
The government should make one agency completely responsible for controlling obesity and overweight in America. This will increase the coordination among all programs directed at controlling obesity and overweight. The same agency will evaluate the usefulness of programs so as to modify them for good.
Many countries have taken lots of material steps to protect the environment from the effects of non-organic farming. Some countries have introduced legal rules for organic farming. There is also the presence of many non-profit organizations whose primary function is to make awareness in the people for organic foods.
Paul Campos discusses in his book `The Obesity Myth', that the obesity epidemic in the United States is more of a cultural hysteria and moral panic. Campos points towards the government and the health establishment of deceiving people into believing that losing weight makes you healthy, whereas this is far from the truth.
HIV testing and treatments in prison must also be on the agenda of the policymakers for inmates. In a few cases, where the issue seems to be very critical, HIV testing needs to be made mandatory. However, this case has earlier fallen prey to the human rights breaches since this may be considered as a personal issue.
The author states that in spite of its virtues in the food market GMF is surrounded by controversies, especially in Europe, regarding its impact on human health and the environment. However, the benefits of GMF clearly outweigh any such concerns. For any emerging technology to become successful, it is necessary to consider public perceptions and trust.
An abortion that occurs naturally before a pregnancy reaches 24 weeks is referred to as a miscarriage. However, abortion can also be induced. Induced abortion can be prescribed by the doctor in case there is a medical risk to the mother, or it can be a decision by the mother due to their own reasons.
Several Americans have made attempts of fighting obesity battle in vain because of their desire and increased consumption of junk food and failure to achieve fitness goals (Heshmat 185-192). Most of the challenges that obese victims ought to deal with are very unfortunate and therefore adopting good behaviors and good life may be more fulfilling.
7 pages (2123 words)
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, Research Paper
The high demand for chicken, potatoes, and other foodstuff comprising of fast foods has forced farmers to do away to adapt contemporary farming methods characterized by a genetically modified organism and high chemical use. These chemicals may find their way into water bodies and kill aquatic animals.
Eligible donors in many American cities and Canada and the whole world do not participate in regular blood donation. On a daily basis, several people need a blood transfusion to save their lives. Relatives, friends, and doctors of these patients encounter great challenges in finding eligible and compatible donors to donate blood for their patients.
Western pharmaceuticals have gained popularity and widespread use in modern times, but many elderly also use additional supplements and/or traditional medicine for their illnesses or for general health improvement needs. The paper aims to examine drug-drug interactions (DDIs) that result from these combined drugs.
The things that I know now are importantly related to Alzheimer's because of the potential of this information to alleviate suffering, and in the most optimistic cases to transform suffering into happiness and well-being for the millions of families who can benefit from turmeric and from coconut oil.
Stroke predisposes individuals to stroke because of the buildup of plaque in the arteries leading to narrowing, and potentially blocking of blood vessels; the risk increases even further if the clot that arises out of the accumulation of plaque occurs near the brain, blocking the flow of blood and oxygen to the brain tissues accordingly.
The widely blamed reasons for the spread of the AIDS epidemic are the economic and social factors, poverty taking the center stage. Poverty has caused an inability to access health facilities, including information and education on the health sector and practices. They suffer from other diseases which makes them vulnerable to HIV infections.
Active lifestyles an also be of great aid in helping to reduce possible financial expenses as in the event that an individual happens to contract these diseases, it will be very difficult and expensive to successfully treat them. Some of these diseases might also be quite fatal as there is no known cure for them.