Summer Bodysuit Ltd.’s financing dilemma would also be addressed within the report and an appropriate action would also be put forward for the company to adopt in order to get the issue resolved. The fundamental way through which the entire issue is addressed is by first analysing the positives of the company by comparing its financial performance in the recently ended year to that of the previously finished year.
Hence, in the modern business world, where technology and is associated security issues are becoming a grave matter of concern, it becomes mandatory for organizations to assure their customers or clients regarding the implementation of well proof security measures.
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They include the artificially low interest rates, toxic mortgage backed securities, housing bubble, excessive and risky financial innovation, shadow banking system, trade deficits and others (Cornelius, pp. 29-33, 2003). However, one very important cause or contributing factor to the current recession was the accounting practices and the entire accounting system in the United States (Rittenberg, Johnstone, Gramling & Schweiger, pp.
In its basic form, cost volume analysis allows the company to understand how the changes in the costs and volumes actually have an impact on the operating as well as net income of the firm. This sort of approach therefore can allow a firm to estimate the level of sales required to generate a specific and targeted level of income.
The main reason for investing in different securities and building a portfolio is that the investors are trying to maximize their return on investment and at the same time minimize their risk. The more diversified portfolio investors are able to create; the lower would be the risk of their portfolio and higher would be the expected return.
Good monetary policy helps stabilize the prices and curb unemployment. Monetary policies of a country are different from the fiscal policies in a way that, fiscal policies make use of government expenditures and taxation and not interest rates. A monetary policy employed by a country can either be an expansionary monetary policy or ‘contractionary’ monetary policy.
It is crucial to note that, private companies face less regulation than public companies. Despite the lack of government regulation or scrutiny from the media and complexities involved in corporate governance, private held firms should not ignore reforms in corporate governance, which affect the functioning of the companies.
Every organization tends to update its AIS in order to effectively meet the changing business needs. This paper will critically analyze all the three AIS options suggested in the given case scenario and recommend the most potential one for the company. An Overview of the Change Context The modern business environment is continuously changing and the same trend is visible in the interests of customers and investors.
In principle, the US has one of the highest rates of corporate tax globally. However, in practice, US corporations pay low taxes. The Government Accountability Office estimates that the average tax burden is 25.2% because corporations manage to escape taxes. This lack of tax payment emanates from the many exceptions and loopholes.
The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), which first appeared approximately in 1997 (Reuvid 2006), is the most important scheme of this type. The above initiative has set the following priority: to help organizations to adopt sustainability reporting practices (Global Reporting Initiative 2012).
The company is publicly listed company granting franchises to business owners in the strategically managed Australian home and office market (http://www.harveynormanholdings.com.au). The study veers towards comparing the financial performance of Harvey Norman Australia’s 2010 and 2011 business operations (http://www.harveynormanholdings.com.au).
The client X is 35 years old, and married with four children. It is also given that X falls under higher tax rate bracket. X has ?125,000 of funds available for investment. Many alternatives are available to X like, X can set up a business as a sole trader, or an incorporated company with its payroll system and salary drawing option.
According to the author, the privacy standards state that any individual has rights over the health information. The rights are as named below: the right to amend the PHI, the right to inspect and copy the PHI, the right to request restrictions on particular uses of PHI, and the right to receive an accounting of the disclosures of their PHI.
The total variable cost normally changes as the activity level changes, while per unit, the variable cost per unit will normally remain the equal over a wider range of activity. Fixed cost will always remain the same when the activity level changes while fixed cost per unit decreases with an increase in the activity level (Hansen, et, al 2006) Mixed cost, have both the component of variable and fixed costs.
Cybernetics takes as its area the configuration or revelation and requisition of standards of regulation and conveyance. Cybernetics treats not things however courses of acting. It doesn't ask "what is this thing?" however "what does it do?" and "what would it be able to do?
The gifts made to Bobby and Carla both accrued gift tax liability. Since Allie’s gift was valued less than $14,000, it did not accrue any taxes. Carla and Bobby’s gifts accrued a tax liability of $10,000. On a personal opinion, Steven could have minimized or eliminated this gift tax liability by considering, giving the gift as joint property with his wife.
The Effect of Recession on Dividend Policy
Analysis and Discussion
The research methodology adopted sought to answer the research questions in an attempt fulfill the research objectives these are: to determine whether there was a change in capital structure during the recession and whether or not this resulted to a change in the dividend payout, to determine whether there was a change in the payout ratios of companies in Saudi Arabia after the recession.
Any organization that is open to innovation, secures its future in this ever changing world. Any organization that caters effectual and efficient process of innovation, and supports an innovative organizational structure leads to their fast adaptability and launch of innovation (Rolf-Christian).
Can you begin to speculate why this change from the 19th century occurred? (500 words) Spielvogel has noted numerous times in his work about the fact that isolationism was the U.S. foreign policy after World War I. The United States did not want to get involved in any more armed conflicts unnecessarily.
The purpose of this report is to analyze the enhanced standards of accounting for all US public company boards, management and public accounting firms, required by Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. The report also examines as to why these new standards are required and necessary.
The examination of the cash flows of the business enables the management to correctly asses the timing of the benefit or cost. Cash flows must be assessed on an after tax basis because these are the available flows to the shareholder. Furthermore, the firm must focus on the incremental cash flows rather than incremental profits as the company looks at the project as a whole.
The paper tells that toy central financial information should be confirmed to adhere to the generally acceptable accounting principles alongside the value estimates made by the companies’ management. The financial statements of Toy central indicate that the company had experienced difficulties in its corporate governance and consequently financial difficulties.
In terms of internal control, the audit of items 1 and 3 includes the implementation of relevant audit procedures on the proper and complete recording of acquisitions and dispositions of buildings, machinery, equipment, improvements and the like. Depreciation amount should comply with company policies such as 25 years for buildings and 10 years for machinery and equipment (Whittington, 2005).
11 Conclusion 12 References 12 Introduction In today’s complex business environment, the management not only requires day-to-day and accurate information about the costs incurred in the business functioning, but also needs to understand which specific costing method will be more suitable to the financial system it follows.
The funding history of the small technology-based firms has been explored and analysed to get an idea of the funding market. Along with this, recommendations have been presented in order to select the best possible source of funds.
Hirschey concurs with the statement and argues that customers are the most significant assets of any customers (2009). This reference makes most companies to bypass the significance of their employees who also contribute to the success of the company. From Mark and Spencer’s annual report, most organizations fail to consider the value of their employees.
The gross profit margin is an analyzing tool which assists in identifying how effectively and efficiently the company is utilizing its raw materials, variable cost related to labor and fixed costs such as rent and depreciation of property plant and equipment.
In the United States, local governments raise revenue to finance their budgets from a number of sources. However, the three most important sources of revenue for local governments are transfers from the state and federal governments, property taxes, and sales and gross receipts.
This is a tax-free method of saving which includes government agencies and self-funded schemes among others; they vary as some organizations may have disability pensions among other benefits which are mainly to the advantage of the employer. Introduction Pension can be defined as a contract of an employee for a fixed amount of money that is payable on a regular basis upon retirement from work (Redhead 2003, pg.
The paper operates mainly based on research questions which can be stated as follows: What is the impact of regulatory framework on UK banking system? Does it protect the financial stability of banking and financial institution of banking system? What are the significant impact of corporate governance and ethics in preventing banking failure in UK financial system?
For this, Nokia has given the full devotion to Research and Development. Whatever the markets Nokia has ever tried to target, they get succeeded. The strategies adopted by Nokia are fully in accordance with the market demand that is why Nokia has captured the largest market sector in the history and instead of hard competition, it is still standing in the field of mobile manufacturing companies.
It was expected that the government would save Lehman Brothers and prevent it from filing for bankruptcy but this was not the case. On the contrary, two days after the fall of this giant firm, America International Group (AIG) was bailed out. The government had earlier helped Bear Sterns by taking a portion of its bad investments that were pulling it down and JPMorgan Chase finally bought the firm.
Why auditor must be objective and independent? Issues such as fraud, misappropriation of company funds and misrepresentation of organizational financial statements are common in different types of the media across the globe. Both private and public companies significantly contribute to the growth and development of the economy in any country, hence; their financial statements ought to be closely audited in order to make sure that they are not characterised by falsehoods.
According to the paper management accounting plays an important part in decision making, planning and controlling for the organizations. The business firm have been seen to implement various accounting techniques, which helps them in attaining profitability. The business environment in which the non profitable organizations operate has changed and new challenges have evolved.
Interest rate in Japan has been low over the past decade with indication that it will remain low. This paper reports on the effects of the low interest on the Japanese banking sector through discussing advantages and disadvantages of the low rates on banks.
Researchers have devoted a lot of attention to CEO duality and firm performance. However, for Kuwaiti companies, this area has yet to be explored. The present study explores the relationship between CEO duality and firm performance in the Kuwaiti context. The conclusion reached in this research work is that financial performance and CEO duality have a negative relationship with each other.
Since the output variable (dependent variable) is categorical (good or bad) the proper statistical technique to be adopted is logistic regression. The output of the logistic regression is given below. The preprocessing steps involve identifying independent and dependent variables, coding of variables which abruptly needs coding etc.
The author states that the purpose of expectation damages is to put the non-breaching party in the position it would have occupied had the contract been fulfilled. Expectation damages can be contrasted to reliance damages and restitution damages, which are remedies that address other types of interests of parties involved in enforceable promises.
The motive of financial accounting is to provide financial information, generally historic in nature, to both internal and external users including owners, lenders, suppliers, employees and to the government and other insurers. In the field of accounting there are Generally Accepted Accounting Principles or GAAP that set the rules for financial statements.
According to the Chairman of Capital City Bank Group, Bill Smith, the bank is unique due to the reason that it concentrates upon banking with those communities where the system of banking can bring a difference. The bank is located in three states; Florida, Georgia and Alabama working through 70 banking locations on a full servicing basis.
IPO 6 LinkedIn Corporation IPO 7 Angie’s List, Inc. IPO 8 Media Comments 9 Facebook IPO 10 References 12 Introduction For any company, Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) are a means of going public. Going for IPO is considered as one of the most vital decision to be taken by a company in its lifetime.
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Information Asymmetry deals with the access and knowledge of information for parties to any given transaction. Information asymmetry, therefore, arises when one party to the transaction has better information than the other. Based on this asymmetry, a person having specific information, therefore, may be an advantage as compared to the party.
MBA Market Place Segmentation Market segmentation can be defined as set of people or organisation that tends to share one or more similar characteristics which cause them to require the same product need and further divide the total market into various segments.
I particularly desire to work in the commodity market, as I always had a strong interest in the sustainable development concept and the energy sector. There are multiple benefits to be gained by working in the commodity market. First of all, it would give me great exposure to the energy sector.
The process of financial planning for asset investment requirements is referred to as the capital budgeting process. First step in the process is to determine the possible investment alternatives that would address the need of the business. After identifying the likely options, the corresponding costs (purchase and installation) and the possible income streams into the future should be estimated, taking note of the years during which they are expected to materialize.
The business will distribute 60% of its earning s to its shareholders. This will show that the dividend which is paid to the investors is $7 per share. The remaining 40% of the earnings is reinvested. The earnings are expected to grow at a constant rate of 4% annually.
Now, the question is how an individual invest. He/she may begin to build up his financial assets in order to pay for long term financial goals. He/she may want assets accessible to make down payments on housing and may also want to guarantee that human capital is low risk by buying disability insurance and term insurance (Schewart, 1999, pp.1-2).
Adaptive Strategy and Business Sustainability – A Report on Rational and Adaptive Strategy Executive Summary Strategies in a business environment are formulated after carefully considering the various alternatives available in a situation and assessing the environment for the external factors and internal factors relating to the strategies under consideration.