Abstract The temple of the goddess Athena Nike is one of the most historically significant works or Greek architecture in existence today. Despite numerous attempts to destroy it, it was repeatedly reconstructed and restored as a statement to its value to the inhabitants of Athens (Mattingly 2000, p.604)…
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It is adorned with a historically and mythological symbolic frieze as well as a series of Relief sculptures which add to it artistic prominence. It was designed by Callicraets one of Greek’s leading architects of the 5th BC and apart from this temple he was also responsible for designing many other structures. The most popular of his work was the Parthenon which was built two years after Greek vs. Persian war, this was commissioned by the Greek authorities and championed by perikles as a symbol of the unity of Greece and the dominance of Athens over other Greek states. Callicraets the Nike temple architect Little is on record concerning his personal life and background; nevertheless, Callicrates also written as Kallikrates is one of the most influential Greek architects of his time, his great works were instrumental in shaping many of the great edifices of Greek architectural history (James, 2000). He was appointed to build the temple of Athena Nike on the Athenian acropolis in 449 BC as a tribute of the ratification of peace between Greece and Persia. He designed the temple to be made from small pieces of pentalic marble and in Ionic order on the bastion of the southwest corner of the Acropolis work on the project begun in 427 BC and the temple was completed in 424 BC. Nevertheless, the Nike temple was not the greatest work accredited to Callicraets, alongside with another artist and designer by the name Ictinus, he designed the Parthenon, which is easily one of Greeks, most famous and recognizable architectural masterpiece. He spent most of his life and career working in Athens during the extensive construction program inspired by Perikles. Perikles was a prominent political leader who reigned in the 5th BC and he instituted an extensive beautifying campaign all over Athens, he believed that through majestic architecture and beautiful art, he could make the glory and splendour of Athens visible to the entire world. Although he was mostly concerned with formal design, it is also speculated that Callicrates may have assisted Iktinos, the main builder, with some of the construction and supervision work; nevertheless, the aesthetic designs for which it is so well known are not his work. Based on the similarity in the architectural design another small lonic temple not unlike the Nike temple is popularly attributed to the Callicrates other works include a Doric temple built in Delos. There has also been conjecture that he was responsible for the design of the Hephaestum temple of Poseidon. History and significance The Temple of Athena Nike is dedicated to the goddess Athena Nike and it was built from 427 to 425 BC, however it was later demolished and rebuilt several times with the course of history; it is a simply built prostyle ionic temple with almost nonexistence pronaos and opsithodomos. The Nike temple of Athena is located at the southwest of the Acropolis plateau, which is situated next to the Propylaia, is an important sanctuary with significant historical meaning predating the Mycenaean era. It built on a massive protrusion of rock that is strategically placed to protect the southern flank from attack that is the most vulnerable access point of the citadel. Retrospectively, it was a place of worship of deities and it was closely associated with ancient wars the bronze age “
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The purpose of
The design and work began on the structure in 447 BC to restore an earlier existing temple which was smashed by the Persians around 480 BC in a raid. The estimated projects cost stood at cost 469 silver consisting of talents to
Nonetheless, humans who lived in the prehistoric era populated the acropolis as well as the caves that were around it. Since it was situated at the heart of Athens, there are many myths, festivals as well as other important
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