Art and Architecture in 5th Century Athens - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Author Tutor Course Date #1 How art and architecture in 5th century Athens reflects the political, trade, and military conditions of Periclean Athens Fifth-century Athens represents the Greek city-state of Athens in the period ranging from 480 BC to 404 BC…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.1% of users find it useful
Art and Architecture in 5th Century Athens
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Art and Architecture in 5th Century Athens"

Download file to see previous pages Athens generated some of the most significant and lasting cultural artifacts within Western tradition at a time when it was able to subdue its enemies, and enhance its political fortunes under the guidance of statesmen and orator Pericles. Historians perceive the Athenian 5th and 6th centuries BCE to be the Golden Age of architecture and sculpture. During the period, the ornamental elements and the technique utilized did not differ significantly from the previous period (Kinzl 84). Majority of the works were religious in nature and featured temples and sanctuaries. The Parthenon represented a symbol of the Golden Mean; a time in which architecture, arts, vase painting, and sculpture thrived and every of the art forms benefited from interactions with other art forms. The patron goddess of Athens joins architecture with, and sculpture to shape a whole that mirrors the Golden Mean, the Greek pursuit of harmony, order, and balance. The entire of urban Athens features a system of huge walls, which guaranteed that Athens was always open to the sea, and only enemies (naval force) with superior to her unparalleled fleet could succeed in cutting the city off from vital supplies (Pedley 37). Phidias created colossal gold-plated marble statues that remain highly commemorated and admired. #2 How extensive reformation and reconstruction of the city demonstrate a return to the sanctuary and civic center designs of the 750-450 BCE? The autonomous city-state ruled by diverse aristocracy in which contacts were rich from diverse points of view social, cultural, and commercial. The restored sanctuaries feature refined sculptures, paved roads, and agora as highlighted by the temple of Poseidon and Temple of Hera. The extensive reformations and reconstruction of the city of Athens highlights a tendency to return to or a deviation from the sanctuary and civic centre designs ranging from 750-450 BCE. Examples of prominent works at this period entail reconstruction of the Temple of Plympian Zeus, reconstruction of the Temple of Apollo located in Delphi, and the reconstruction the Acropolis of Athens. This is most apparent at the Elymian site of Segesta, a location where the Elymians started to construct a Doric temple within the 5th century BC, whereby the reconstructions mirror the religious and civic centre designs in the period ranging 750-450 BCE in terms of (1) foot style; (2) exterior decoration; (3) underside treatment. The Corinthian foot style comprises of a flaring ring that might also be molded, whereas the Attic style comprises of a “tire-shaped” torus ring foot (Whitley 11). The decorative elements are notable owing to their conformity to the sanctuary and civic centered designs ranging from 750-450 BCE. #3 How the Athenian Acropolis and Agora reflect and Athens that considers itself part of the Greek unified world The Athenian Acropolis can be regarded as the most lavish, technically superior, and programmatically cohesive temple within Greek mainland and represents a fitting commemoration of the Athenian’s remarkable and unexpected victories during the Persian wars. Persian wars had thematic significance to the art of Classical Athens, as well as the building program on the Acropolis. The buildings and monuments also avail a broad range of testimony to the sacred character of the Late Archaic Acropolis. The Acropolis of Athens represents an ancient citadel situated on an elevated rocky outcrop within the city of Athens, and detailing the remains of a number of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Art and Architecture in 5th Century Athens Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved de https://studentshare.org/archaeology/1480539-art-and-architecture-in
(Art and Architecture in 5th Century Athens Essay)
https://studentshare.org/archaeology/1480539-art-and-architecture-in.
“Art and Architecture in 5th Century Athens Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/archaeology/1480539-art-and-architecture-in.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Christian Church Art Architecture
...The Architectural Styles of the Church of the Immaculate Conception During the 20th century the architectural designs that were used to produce the churches and cathedrals were mainly developed from an amalgam of various design features 'borrowed' from previous periods and styles. These styles could include, for example, the classical or neo-classical, early Christian or Medieval styles. The various religious buildings that can be found in New Orleans are no exception to this. One particularly relevant example is the Church of the Immaculate Conception that can be found in Baronne Street. In fact, this is the building that I will attempt to effectively 'dissect' in order to ascertain to...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Art and Architecture
...?Part Getting around the park, I ran into the building of the local library. I saw it matched the exact goal of my research. The thing is that the architectural ensemble of the building follows the traditional concept of the Western architecture relying mainly on the architectural ideas of ancient Greece and Rome of the 6th century B.C.E. (Janaro and Altshuler 122). The elements of Doric and Corinthian forms of the building are well associated with the rise of the ancient Greek civilization represented by a huge list of luminaries. It seems that the architect was well impressed by Vitruvius in his idea of the harmony between form and function. That is, the original...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Art and architecture
..., which included Egypt and Assyria. Actually, they were a development of pictorial images where the aspect of three dimensions was captured in the end products. In America, the art was introduced by the Italian sculptors. Below is a relief sculpture of the famous Mohammed and historical law-givers. This bas type figure is found in the Supreme Court building. The building is based in Washington, DC. Corinthian column Corinthian columns represent some of the oldest Greek architecture. It dates back to the fifth century BC. They came into existence through the inventions of Callimachus, who was a sculptor and architect then in Greece. It is named after Corinth, which is a city in Greece. It...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Ancient art and architecture
... literature designates on how culture and social aspects continue to influence architecture since the ancient times to this contemporary civilization. Thus, it is rational to assert that, cultural and social context heavily impact on the idea generation process of an architect. Thus, it is prudent for the community to uphold the cultural and social factors as the factors partake a pivotal role towards enhancing and developing a man with rational intellect with regards to architectural work. Reference List Sharma, Janhwij. 2003. Ladakh: architectural heritage. New Delhi: Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage in association with Har-Anand Publications.... Socio-cultural influence Towards Architecture Over the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Islamic Art and Architecture
...Summary and s on the Book Islamic Art and Architecture By Robert Hillenbrand Islamic Art and Architecture - Robert Hillenbrand ART & ARCHITECTURE - 1999 - PAPER Islamic Architecture: Form, Function, and Meaning (Paperback) by Robert Hillenbrand, Columbia University Press; New Ed edition (April 2004) Instructions: I need a Summary in "Notes form" or "Bulletpoints form" for the Book: Islamic Art and Architecture By Robert Hillenbrand. Please Divide it into Chapters. i.e. Chapter One: (Notes on Chapter One) I want clear Notes so I can study from it later on. Any Questions Please Don't Hesitate to Ask. Introduction: For Hillenbrand, teaching Islamic art can be undertaken from any background, and it was suggested... that there...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay
Art/Architecture
...Art/Architecture Sustainability has become a norm within the modern architecture. The reason for this is that the earthquakes and jolts are unexpected and they could occur in any region of the world. This gives rise to the basis of building “green” buildings, which could include homes, schools, offices and community centers. As an architect, the significant points that I need to consider before embarking on building such home is that the beam for these homes is earthquake resistant and is in line with the international requirements. (Wack, 2006) Also there should be emphasis laid on the fact that in the event of a natural calamity the structure would withstand any pressure and not succumb...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Art and Architecture
...Art and Architecture Part I St Patrick’s Cathedral, New York St Patrick’s cathedral is one of New York’s architectural masterpieces. The cathedral is the seat of the archdioceses of New York’s City Catholic church. The Cathedral is found on Fifth Avenue and it is opposite the Rockefeller Plaza in New York. St Peters cathedral is a large piece of heavily decorated Gothic architecture that attracts many tourists in New York City. The building was originally completed in 1869. However, over the years, the building has undergone various changes that have transformed its original gothic styled architecture into a heavily decorated church. Describing the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
American Art and Architecture
...American Art and Architecture expressionism expressionism is applied to a drive in American painting which flourished between 1940s and 1950s; it can also be referred to as the School of New York or very narrowly as the Action Painting, even though it was first created in relation to the effort of to the VasilyKandinky around 1929. The major works of the cohort of artists energetic in New York since1940s and viewed as the Abstract Expressionists repel the definition as a style of cohesive; they ranges from the unbroken field color of Barnett Newman to the Willem de Kooning’s fierce holding of figure (Temkin, Ann, 66). They were connected by apprehension with the fluctuating degrees of abstraction...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
ART of Architecture
...Art of Architecture The factors including concreteness, specifi and definiteness are considered as major constituents of art of writing and artifacts based on which the historical places often get renowned to the viewers worldwide by a considerable extent. Most importantly, the effectiveness of the above stated three extraordinary elements can also be found in undergoing through varied experiences that significantly aid in reviving cultural traditions and beliefs among others (Strunk & White, 2014). With this concern, in order to recall a true place from own experience and provide a brief explanation about what makes this place appears to be quite special, “The Grand Army Plaza” located in Brooklyn, US has been taken into concern... for...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Rome: Art and Architecture
...Rome: Art and Architecture The Colosseum, 70 CE The Colosseum is a ical architecture building. The building (also known as Flavian Amphitheatre) was constructed between 70-80 AD. Rather than being accredited with an architect, the construction of the Colosseum is accredited a number of emperors, amongst them Emperors Vespasian and Titus. The former initiated the construction of the Colosseum while the latter, who was the immediate heir, saw its completion. Over the next decades that followed the initial construction, Emperor Domitian saw the inclusion of other modifications (Kleiner 132). It is because of the family name of the three emperors who saw the construction that this...
19 Pages(4750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Art and Architecture in 5th Century Athens for FREE!
Contact Us