Download file to see previous pages...
Another point that should be mentioned is that thanks to One Child Policy China was able to cope with national poverty rather effectively. Indeed, at the present moment per cent of the population that is recognized to experience absolute poverty is around 6% while it used to be more than 12% ("Poverty & Equity", 2015). This means that the introduction of the policy in question had a beneficial effect on the society in terms of reduction of poverty. This might be explained by the fact that the government was able to allocate the necessary resources and distribute them correctly.
However, there is no doubt that One Child Policy features a considerable number of negative aspects. The first one and the most obvious that is that it can not be called a successful one as the population of the country did not decrease or it is not that little as it was expected. Indeed, in 1980 which might be seen as the first year of this policy the population of China was only 980 million people; however, in 2014 it was as large as 1,350 million people ("Population", 2015). So, in almost thirty years time the government was not able to cope with the size of the population. Another indication of the ineffectiveness of the policy in question is the fact that the characteristic that the government wanted to change did change, but it did not have the desired effect. Indeed, if one analyzes the goals that were set by the policy, one might conclude that it achieved them very well. Thus, the population growth did drop dramatically. For example in 1980 it was around 1.3 while in 2014 it was estimated to be 0.5 ("Population growth", 2015). Nevertheless, over the end of the previous century China was not only able to reach the mark of 1 billion people, but in so little time as a decade and a half reach one third of another billion.
The next negative impact of One Child Policy is the distorted sex ratio in the population.
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
The policy was enforced stringently in urban areas while allowing some exceptions for rural areas and for families where the couple were the single child of their respective families or parents whose child was disabled or dead. There was the huge penalty for violating the policy norm of one child in urban areas. The family was charged for having the second child, all welfare amenities were withdrawn and the promotion of working parents withheld.
Apart from the government’s initiative to implement the one-child policy, a major section of the educated class of people in these countries has started to consider the advantages and the drawbacks of the one-child policy (Nayak 26). By controlling the birth rate, the government aimed to achieve social and economic balance by matching the supply level with the potential demand in the economies.
Actually, during the 1970s, China had introduced a two-child policy to curb the rapid population growth (Von 4). Practically, one-child policy in China has been formulated for three decades now, and most couples are expected to have only one child, with the exception of ethnic minorities and rural residents to have more than one child (Zhai and Gao 746).
Beginning in 1972, the US has viewed the region through its One-China policy (Sutter 11). This policy, according to the United States State Department, that both the People’s Republic of China and Taiwan maintain the existence of only one China, in addition to, the people of Taiwan being part of China.
This policy takes effect during 1979 and requires all couples in mainland China to have no more than one child. However, this policy is somehow misconceived. Contrary to the common knowledge that One Child Policy is implemented in the entire China, the Economic and Social Commissions for Asia and the Pacific states that "the actual location varies from location to location." Accordingly, in most rural areas, families are allowed to have two children if the first child is female.
According to (Sammons)“Sports and physical activity should be fun for kids. It shouldnt be, ‘Youre going to be the worlds greatest athlete or ‘Give up now, kid, because you wont have a chance because of your genes." A kid
Al, “The Eﬀect of the One-Child Policy on Fertility in China: Identiﬁcation Based on the Diﬀerences-in-Diﬀerences”). The law was introduced by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, in order to restrict both the urban and rural couples to have more than a single child.
Population growth rate is critical to social and economic development. High population growth affects the rate at which an economy grows and/or develops. On the same note, overpopulation results in poor social standards and/or lifestyles. In this respect, China formulated and subsequently implemented the one-child policy in early 1980s.
The policy restricts families to have only one child in an effort to control the population. The aim of the policy was to relieve from the pressure of a rapidly growing population. The government believed the one-child policy was a step towards a high rate of
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic A blessing or a curse: an evaluation on one child policy of China for FREE!