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Midterm Exam - Essay Example

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Most of the wars have been steered by various governments and political sides through the military, police and rebels. The military and police departments’ make-up the security sector, and…
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Midterm Exam Task Security Sector in the Arab world in relation to political-stability and political-instability.
The Arab world has been associated with wars and terrorism for many years. Most of the wars have been steered by various governments and political sides through the military, police and rebels. The military and police departments’ make-up the security sector, and constitutionally they are entrusted in guaranteeing that there is serenity in the country. However, the security has taken sides in the political world and has created a lot of instability politically. In most Arab countries, they are no dependable security bodies to defend the innocent public from the violence caused by political differences. The securities are supporting various political sides and hence creating a situation whereby a certain proportion of the population is not secure. Without fair security to all people, a country experiences political instability. In other countries, military leaders are being involved in politics and hence the forces side with them. In such a situation, a county is exposed to political instability since their security is not guaranteed.
In the last decade, the phenomenon of coups in Arab regimes that has dominated the political world since 1950’s has come to an end. Most regimes have expanded their military forces and hence making a military coup very complex. The numbers of military officers have grown by over 200% (Cordesman 57). The fund of the military officers has also been increases and hence they cannot be lured to taking political sides through money favors. This has ensured that the military can guard the country’s political stability. From the above dig into, it is apparent that the military have been in involved in generating political stability and political instability in Arab countries.
Task 2: How has the discovery of oil affected state-building in Saudi Arabia?
Discovery of oil in Saudi Arabia was highly welcomed, and it was anticipated that the country was going to rise highly economically. The demand of oil globally had been constantly increasing and hence the country focused on oil production leaving out the other economic activities. The countries oil export was very high and hence its currency value spear-rocketed making it difficult for other countries to purchase its exports. The domestic industries were negatively affected by the economic situation and hence limiting their growth and reducing the possibility of opening of new business. The local industries participate in state building, and when they are in a position of no or little growth, the rate of state building is very low.
The collapse of many local industries due to the value of the currency in international markets had made the country over-dependent on the oil industry (Wynbrandt 117). This has led the country importing many products that were being manufactured in the country and hence the rate of development had been crippled. Fluctuation of oil prices leads to a downfall in the economy of Saudi Arabia. The highs and lows of the oil market have retarded the economic growth of Saudi Arabia. Rather than developing the country more, oil discovery in Saudi Arabia has negatively drifted their economic growth
Works Cited
Cordesman, Anthony H. Saudi Arabia: National Security in a Troubled Region. Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger Security International, 2009. Print.
Wynbrandt, James. A Brief History of Saudi Arabia. New York, NY: Facts On File, 2010. Print. Read More
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