We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Political Systems in the Middle East and North Africa - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Title: POLITICAL SYSTEMS IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA and number: Date submitted: POLITICAL SYSTEMS IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA Islam constitutes a source of both legitimacy and illegitimacy to some Arab regimes”, discuss this statement…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Political Systems in the Middle East and North Africa
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Political Systems in the Middle East and North Africa

Download file to see previous pages... To this end, there is no single form of political rule that or political system that can be considered to be better than the other. What is generally important is how applicable the said political system is in the premise and setting in which it is being used. In most Middle East and North Africa countries, democracy and authoritarian rules are predominant. But within these key facets of political rules or systems, there is what seems to be a centralized inculcation of Islamic rule, where in some cases is referred to as political Islam. By implication, Islamic religious practice has been made to dominate in most contemporary political systems in the Middle East and North Africa. Historians and political analysts have sought to find the impact of political islam on contemporary political rule. There are several schools of opinion, two of which can be generalized as those who opine that Islam constitute a source of legitimacy to some Arab regimes, and others opining that Islam constitute a source of illegitimacy to some Arab regimes. A very careful consideration of the claims may render the two opinions as both accurate, depending on the perspective from which the argument is taken. Generally, most Arab regimes come into play from two major perspectives. These perspectives are military and ideological perspectives of Arab regimes. The Iranian Revolution in 1979 is perhaps considered as the biggest military success in an Arab regime, even though some other examples of military regimes exist in other parts of the Middle East and North Africa (Ghalioun and Costopoulos, 2004). Saudi Arabia on the other hand can be viewed as an example of Arab regime that came into force as a result of ideological perspective. As far as Islam is concerned, both those who take up their regimes from military perspective and those who does so from ideological perspective use Islamic religious contexts to argue their reason for coming into power. The various forms of military revolutionary movements which were experienced in the 1970s are examples of regimes that came into force with Islamic political persuasion that the corrupt and ineffective economic structures of existing regimes needed to be made better by use of Islamic principles. However, even though the military regimes in places like Iran was successful in their constitution, those in places like Sudan failed woefully in 1989. From this understanding, it can be said that the debate that Islam constitutes a source of both legitimacy and illegitimacy to some Arab regimes could be true, depending on the outcome of the regimes that are in place. Even with those who have taken political power through ideological persuasions, the fact remains that not all of them have legitimized their regimes because they failed woefully. A typical example of such regime is the Muslim Brotherhood style democratic take-over, which came with the argument that secularism could not be accepted because it was based on Western liberalism but ended up being a more oppressive and corrupt regime (Pape, 2003). How has the oil wealth affected the prospects of democratization in the Arab Gulf? Oil is a natural resource that accounts for a gross domestic product contribution for most countries in the Arab Gulf. Indeed, countries in the Arab Gulf benefit from oil as a contributor to their gross domestic product than any other source of wealth (Pupcenoks, 2012). It is for this reason that the term, oil wealth ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
The Political Economy of States in the Middle East and North Africa
Some of Middle East and North African countries comprise of Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and Turkey. Islam is the major religion in these nations (Bowker 99). The abundant petroleum fields dominate the Middle East and North African regions. This paper will to address the political economy of Egypt.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Globalization in the middle east
It is argued that unlike regions that are in East Asia or Latin America, the Islamic nations have negatively responded to globalization. The main reason as to why the Middle East has vehemently opposed globalization is the lack of previous cultural penetration in the Islamic world by the Western institutions, ideas and culture.
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
Politics of contemporary Middle East & North African
Though the latter phrase may sound snobbish, the reality makes people of the world to ‘build’ their own happy life by their own efforts. Governments and politicians are discredited. On the example of vividly discussed current events in the Middle East and in the North Africa, the following research is focused on discussion of the reasons for such kind of social turmoil.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Impact of Colonialism on the Middle East
The term colony comes from Latin word colonus, meaning farmer. It refers to the transfer of population from one place to another, like the natives of West Indies that were forcibly taken away as slaves to United States and Europe where they became permanent settlers.
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper
Impact Of Arab Spring On The Dynamics In The Middle East And North Africa
The emergence of Arab Spring has brought many changes in the Arab region. The wave of revolution has changed the perceptions of the international community about the Arab politics. There were many factors behind the revolution which shaped the history of the Arab region such as poverty, high unemployment, inflation, corruption.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Middle east economy
The present populations of the countries show a high density and the average annual economic growth is still low with b a high of 4% for Qatar and a -0.33% for Syria according to the United States census bureau (International data base). The countries are endowed with high oil deposits in their respective reserves and this is the most economic commodity that supports their existence.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Assess the extent to which the cold war involved the nationas of the middle east and africa
join either of the forces as surrogates. The latter supported the opposing forces through the provision of economic or military aid, and these involved provision of weapons, military advisors as well as the needed tactical support.2 The term "Cold War" has been used to reveal the cold relationship that came about between the United States and the USSR immediately after the WWII that separated the East and the West because of the World supremacy battle.3It is clear that what these two nations were fighting for was World supremacy in terms of becoming the most powerful nation in the World.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Regional Politics (Africa, Middle East or East Asia)
The ability of institutions in a country to develop into advanced and democratic centres has been is influenced by a number of factors, chief among them being the cultural situation of the country. Countries like German, the United Kingdom, the United States and France have independent and democratic institutions thanks to their cultural maturity (Acemoglu, Johnson & Robinson, 2001).
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Middle-East and North Africa Countries
The countries in this region are also marked with high rate of poverty since 23% of the population in these countries lives at an earning of less than $2 per day. The growth rate in these countries differs vastly because of the economic diversity. During the 1990s while some of the countries exhibited buoyant economic growth the others like Lebanon, Syria and Morocco displayed poor growth.
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study
Management in Middle East and North Africa

The conclusion from this study states that the economies of the MENA region are heterogeneous and diverse in nature. The economies of the various countries in the MENA region range from free-market economies to hydrocarbon exporting economies. Collectively, the countries of the MENA region are most strongly established for the production and export of oil and energy.

18 Pages(4500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Political Systems in the Middle East and North Africa for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us