Political Systems in the Middle East and North Africa - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Title: POLITICAL SYSTEMS IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA and number: Date submitted: POLITICAL SYSTEMS IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA Islam constitutes a source of both legitimacy and illegitimacy to some Arab regimes”, discuss this statement…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.3% of users find it useful
Political Systems in the Middle East and North Africa
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Political Systems in the Middle East and North Africa"

Download file to see previous pages To this end, there is no single form of political rule that or political system that can be considered to be better than the other. What is generally important is how applicable the said political system is in the premise and setting in which it is being used. In most Middle East and North Africa countries, democracy and authoritarian rules are predominant. But within these key facets of political rules or systems, there is what seems to be a centralized inculcation of Islamic rule, where in some cases is referred to as political Islam. By implication, Islamic religious practice has been made to dominate in most contemporary political systems in the Middle East and North Africa. Historians and political analysts have sought to find the impact of political islam on contemporary political rule. There are several schools of opinion, two of which can be generalized as those who opine that Islam constitute a source of legitimacy to some Arab regimes, and others opining that Islam constitute a source of illegitimacy to some Arab regimes. A very careful consideration of the claims may render the two opinions as both accurate, depending on the perspective from which the argument is taken. Generally, most Arab regimes come into play from two major perspectives. These perspectives are military and ideological perspectives of Arab regimes. The Iranian Revolution in 1979 is perhaps considered as the biggest military success in an Arab regime, even though some other examples of military regimes exist in other parts of the Middle East and North Africa (Ghalioun and Costopoulos, 2004). Saudi Arabia on the other hand can be viewed as an example of Arab regime that came into force as a result of ideological perspective. As far as Islam is concerned, both those who take up their regimes from military perspective and those who does so from ideological perspective use Islamic religious contexts to argue their reason for coming into power. The various forms of military revolutionary movements which were experienced in the 1970s are examples of regimes that came into force with Islamic political persuasion that the corrupt and ineffective economic structures of existing regimes needed to be made better by use of Islamic principles. However, even though the military regimes in places like Iran was successful in their constitution, those in places like Sudan failed woefully in 1989. From this understanding, it can be said that the debate that Islam constitutes a source of both legitimacy and illegitimacy to some Arab regimes could be true, depending on the outcome of the regimes that are in place. Even with those who have taken political power through ideological persuasions, the fact remains that not all of them have legitimized their regimes because they failed woefully. A typical example of such regime is the Muslim Brotherhood style democratic take-over, which came with the argument that secularism could not be accepted because it was based on Western liberalism but ended up being a more oppressive and corrupt regime (Pape, 2003). How has the oil wealth affected the prospects of democratization in the Arab Gulf? Oil is a natural resource that accounts for a gross domestic product contribution for most countries in the Arab Gulf. Indeed, countries in the Arab Gulf benefit from oil as a contributor to their gross domestic product than any other source of wealth (Pupcenoks, 2012). It is for this reason that the term, oil wealth ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Political Systems in the Middle East and North Africa Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1488515-political-systems-in-the-middle-east-and-north
(Political Systems in the Middle East and North Africa Essay)
“Political Systems in the Middle East and North Africa Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1488515-political-systems-in-the-middle-east-and-north.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
The Political Economy of States in the Middle East and North Africa
... The Political Economy of s in the Middle East and North Africa The Middle East and North Africa throughout history have been centre stage in economy and politics. These regions have been endlessly fought over, coveted as strategic real estates on the word’s major trade routes. Some of Middle East and North African countries comprise of Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and Turkey. Islam is the major religion in these nations (Bowker 99). The abundant petroleum fields dominate the Middle East and North African regions. This paper will to address the political economy of Egypt. First, the report highlights the dominant economic activities and social service in Egypt. Second, the study will look at the political systems in Egypt... (Sharp 7)....
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Politics of contemporary Middle East & North African
...system of Egypt and a dreadful disappointment of Egyptian nation about a corrupt political system. Courage of Egyptian nation is respected by American nation, because this is a fight for a national dignity and the principles of a national well-being. Conclusion Modern unstable world is a background of contemporary political events. On the example of vividly discussed current events in the Middle East and in the North Africa, the following research was focused on discussion of the reasons for such kind of social turmoil. As far as we can see, social turmoil in the Middle...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
North Africa
.... are entrenched into the musical activity. Music repertories: it is the set of music which is geared up to be performed. It comprises of musical style such as regional or national, genres including standard components of repertory, text which reflects the actual words of songs, composed either individually or collectively, transmission which is done either through aurally or lineage and specific movement of the musical performance. Material culture of music: it showcases the material entities produced by the people of a particular culture. Social context People moved into North Africa primarily due to trade and travel and the intensity of this movement increased after 1950 when new roads and railway...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Regional Politics (Africa, Middle East or East Asia)
...?The Consolidation of Democracy: Africa and the Middle East Democratic consolidation entails a process meant to strengthen the process of democratization in any given country transforming from an authoritarian system of governance. In essence, three processes are involved in then shift towards democratization and include the transition from authoritarian, engaging in democratic transition and eventually achieving democratic consolidation. However, as stated by Mottiar (2002), most democracies are viewed as consolidated democracies in terms of their democracy being internalized attitudinally, constitutionally and behaviourally. In terms of viewing democracies behaviourally, the consolidation of democracy takes effect when... countries across...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Regional Politics (Africa, Middle East or East Asia)
...countries. According to Tabellini (2005), culture’s casual effect results from its ability to affect development in a country endogenously. This measure of impacts on economic development is similar to the impacts it can produce on the democratization of institutions and organs of a country’s governance system (Tabellini, 2005). A number of questions have however arose about these differences and authors have attempted to explain why this is not the case in African and other countries in the Middle East. The United Kingdom and the United States experienced political transformation in the early 18th to 20th century, a fact that is attributed to the development of these...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Middle-East and North Africa Countries
...Table of Contents Table of Contents Overview of MENA countries Need for financial programs 2 Economic reforms in MENA 3 Fiscal Management 3 Development of Financial Market 3 Improving Transparency and Governance 3 Trade Liberalisation 4 Exchange Rate Management 5 Management of Post-Conflict Situation 5 Case history 5 Tunisia 5 Lebanon 7 Morocco 8 Conclusions 8 Overview of MENA countries The term MENA refers to the countries in the middle-east and North Africa. These countries are charecterised by high economic diversity among them. The group of countries that constitutes MENA includes the oil-rich countries of Gulf region and the as well as the countries like...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study
Political Science: Conflict in the Middle East
...Political Science: The Conflict in The Middle East This paper examines how the current Iraqi War has been conducted; and through analyzing important American invasion and occupation policies as well as their effect on both US and Iraqi side, is intended to explain whether, and to what extent, the United States of America are responsible for creating a social, political and economic mess in Iraq. The paper argues that the United States as a growing superpower in the turbulent years after World War II got entangled in the Gordian Knot of the Middle East, and therefore, along with the ex-Soviet Union, have played a crucial role in the unfortunate series of events that led up to the current Iraqi war. The paper also argues that due... to a...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Middle east
...Middle East Water has been considered a major factor that has contributed to the conflict between the Israelis and the Palestinians. Although oil andscarcity of land has been attributed to the conflict, water remains to root cause of the conflict. Since the creation of the Israeli state, conflicts between the Palestinians have concentrated on Gaza and West Bank (Gabbay, 2004). The main reason why Israel has maintained disputed settlements in Gaza and West Bank is the need to control water resource in the region. The Middle East and North Africa are the driest regions in the world despite having massive oil resources. Middle East is a desert region and thus it receives less than 250 mm of rainfall annually. Israel is characterized... ...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Management in Middle East and North Africa
...Management in Middle East and North Africa Contents Contents 1 Introduction 3 Definition of “service” 5 Structure and significance of the service sector in Morocco 7 Tourism services 7 Information technology services 8 Telecommunication services 9 Retail services 10 Financial services 10 Structure and significance of the service sector in Qatar 12 Tourism and hospitality 12 Information Technology 13 Telecommunication 13 Banking and finance 13 Retail 14 Structure and significance of the service sector in Lebanon 16 Tourism 16 Commercial services 17 Financial services 18 19 Comparison and contrast of service sector in three economies: Morocco, Qatar,...
18 Pages(4500 words)Essay
Middle east
...of the IS from a less influential Islamist group to the backbone of the so called ‘Islamic Caliphate’ proves its influence among the people in the Middle East. To be specific, this group exploited the political and military vacuum in the Iraqi-Syrian border areas. One can see that the Syrian Civil War weakened the Syrian government and helped the IS to control a number of cities. This was helpful for this group to intrude into the internal politics of Syria. The International Monetary Fund, Middle East and Central Asia Department stated that, “Islamic State (IS) militants consolidated their control over regions in the...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Political Systems in the Middle East and North Africa for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us