In the paper “Cloning in Animals and Humans” the author discusses technological advancements, which have led to new developments and inventions which were considered to be beyond human control. Mankind has moved ahead in all fields…
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It was an achievement for the scientists but a question of ethics and morals for other groups. This clone was considered to be a path of initiation towards the formation of human clones as well (Pence 2004, p 17). Thus, the subject of cloning of humans and animals has been a center of arguments and debates.
The cloning of Dolly in the year 1995 became a matter of concern for many groups. The President of the United States, Bill Clinton did not approve of cloning and issued a statement that the government would not invest in this field of cloning. The National Bioethics Advisory Commission put forward a report in the year 1997 in which it strongly prohibited the research for the formation of human clones. Feminist groups argued against this technique and presented the fact that it would be used by people to promote the domination of the society by males. Hence the subject became a matter of global concern (Kass et al 1998 p XV-XVI).
Though there was the initiation of many debates by different groups, the success of animal cloning continued and since the year 1998, different animal clones were produced. These included clones of calves, mice, pigs and goats. A goat was cloned in Japan and it was claimed that the goat would be able to generate milk in a much greater quantity. The cloning of mice was also considered to be a success owing to the fact that they are used very often for the process of conducting medical research activities. These breakthroughs of cloning in animals carried great benefits. Japan cloned cattle which would assist in the production of a greater amount of milk and this would fulfill the shortcomings of this industry in the country. Hence animal cloning carried with it major benefits (Pence 2004, p 17-19). In the United States, the utilization of meat and milk from the cloned animals was prohibited as much research on their safety was considered essential before it was permitted for consumption.
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This results from the fact that man has inconsiderately exploited animals, particularly the wildlife, causing the extinction of various animals. Moreover, man’s civilization and diverse technological improvements have led to significant negative impact to the fauna.
It is increasingly becoming common today due to the commercial implication of cloning. The idea of animal cloning had been a subject of many scientific studies and it only caught attention when it was able to successfully clone an animal. It was first done through a sheep named Dolly which was created in Roslin Institute in Scotland in 1996 and died in 2003.
It should be remembered that the history of cloning is a tedious and tiresome journey with ingenious methods applied. At the Roslyn Institute the successfully cloned a lamb but took 277 tries to finally clone it. Scientists working on the project knew all through their work in progress that once successful Cloning can be a very useful tool if used under the right conditions.
The basic motive of this project is to analyze Michael Tooley’s article, “Moral Status of Cloning Humans”. He says that the idea or theory of genetic determinism is not correct, therefore, cloning to produce persons cannot be labeled intrinsically wrong. Tooley further asserts that not only is cloning not immoral, but it can help us improve our lives.
Here a gene could be cut into small fragments, and a fragment from another gene having a different make up, can be inserted between the cut fragments, and then reattached together to form a completely new gene. There are many
She was made known to the world in 1997. This is a picture of a cloned pig in Denmark in 2009.
Cloned animals are normally produced using SCNT or somatic cell nuclear transfer. The process needs a somatic cell, which
The essay will therefore gives an analysis on the claim that human beings are animals in nature. The nature of a human being has since then become the original point of both political and intellectual developments. Modernists believe that all these were driven by the natural passions which were animal-like leading to development of a human language and reasoning.
The theoretical basis and practical results of the studies and research on this matter are very beneficial for the humanity because it allows for understanding the way the language is acquired and by means of this to teach and learn foreign
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