Psychology Erikson's theory - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
This psychology essay aims to explain basic principles of Erikson's theory of development. Successful completion of each and every stage results in acquisition of basic virtues and a healthy personality. Basic virtues are attributive strengths which the ego can use to determination of subsequent crises…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.4% of users find it useful
Psychology Eriksons theory
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Psychology Erikson's theory"

PSYCHOLOGY Explain three basic principles of Eriksons theory of development Successful completion of each and every stage results in acquisition of basic virtues and a healthy personality. Basic virtues are attributive strengths which the ego can use to determination of subsequent crises.
Crises happen at every stage of development. Erikson (1963) argue that these crises are psychosocial in nature because they engage psychological requirements of the individual conflicting with those of the society
The theory holds that personality develops in a prearranged order, and picks up from the previous stage. This is referred to as the epigenic principle and it holds that a crisis is the former stage will lead to a crisis in the next stage.
2. Micah comes from a middle-class family. Both parents work and he has two brothers and one sister. His friend Sheila is an only child and her father is the CEO of a large company. Sheilas mother can afford to stay at home. Describe some of the differences in terms of academic achievement, social skills, and self-esteem that you might expect to see between Sheila and Micah
Micah will have lower self-esteem compared to Sheila. Parental modeling is imperative and therefore, self-esteem starts with positive self-talk and positive modeling behaviors
Academically, Micah will also perform poorer that Sheila if all other factors are held constant. The role of a parent in monitoring academic progress cannot be left in the hands of other siblings.
Sheila will also demonstrate excellent social skills when compared to Micah as a result of her mother molding every new behavior that she will develop. In this case, the role of parenting in inculcating social skills can only be done by the parent without delegating.
3. Summarize Hollands typology of personality and work types. Which personality type are you and how does this type match with the college major or career you have chosen (or are considering)?( I think I am type B personality and I am nursing student)
According to Hollands theory, most persons are one of the six personality types: Investigative, Social, Artistic, Enterprising, Realistic, and Conventional.
Social people like doing things to help other and they are good at teaching, nursing, counseling, or giving information. Artistic persons like doing creative art such as drama and music. They like originality and are impressive. They make good actors and musicians among other creative art careers. Enterprising persons like leadership positions and they make good politicians and business people. Convectional persons generally avoid ambiguity and are very systematic. They like working as accountant of management positions. Investigative people value science and precision. They make very good government officials such as police, lastly, realistic people love practical things, they mae very good engineers and machine operators.
My personality is social and thus I love working with people. I am considering majoring in education so that I will become a teacher.
4. Briefly describe the concept of selective optimization with compensation. Give an example of this process.
Selective Optimization with Compensation concept is a strategy for improving wellbeing and health in older adults in the society and a model for successful and peaceful ageing. The concept recommended that the senior citizens select and optimize their best abilities and most intact roles while compensating for losses and declines. Overall, this concept suggests that seniors citizens take an active approach during their ageing process and set goals that are meaningful and attainable.
For example
An elderly person with poor eyesight but loves singing could focus more attention and time on singing, perhaps by being a part of a new choir, while reducing on time spent reading. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Psychology Erikson's theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Psychology Erikson'S Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Psychology Erikson'S Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Psychology Erikson's theory

Thomas Kuhn`s Pradigm theory

.... These databases are capable of data input, map data storage, data queries, data retrieval and display of mapping data according to user’s requirement. All these functions are integrated in a system. Due to the development of mapping databases, digital mapping was available in 1980s. Hence, a new paradigm and a “new normal science” was formed in the 1970s to 1980s. Since the early 1980's to 1990's, due to technical limitations, financial problems and lengthy process of database development for mapping, the expansion of the database was restricted. This marked another era of crisis and scientific revolutions, fitting in with Kuhn’s theory. In the mid-1990s, with the advancement of...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Psychology - Personality Theory

...?Personality Theory As an ER nurse, I see a lot of horrible things. I have dealt with victims of child abuse, stabbings, car crashes, and gunshot wounds. For me, each day is filled with sights of blood, dismembered bodies, and cries of pain as well as despair. However, no matter how desolate and cruel the world may seem, I still believe that people are mostly good. Indeed, a number of people die each day because of others’ greed. Bad things may happen even to good people. Nonetheless, there is still something positive in each one of us. In relation to this perspective, humanistic theories describe people’s behavior. Carl Roger’s theory of personality approaches psychology...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Erikson and Post-Freudian Theory

...element must arise at the stipulated time, else development will be jeopardized. Normal development is required for a healthy psychological development. Erikson’s theories were greatly influenced by Freudian training as well as his quest for personal identity. They were aimed at expanding Freud’s theories on child development. He believed that development was a continuous process throughout a person’s lifetime. He referred to his theory as psychosocial because it involved the interaction of the mind and relationships. He believed behavior and personality were dependent on the environment the child was introduced to after birth especially during childhood...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Jungian Psychology Theory

...? Jungian Psychology Theory Introduction Jungian was a renowned theoretical psychologist born in Switzerland in mid 1875 and bore the names Carl Gustav Jung (O'Connor et al, 2009). His father was his protestant minister father, who according to Jungian did not convey and practice the gospel he preached. Historians claim that this negative perception triggered Jungian’s theoretical future, hence, Jungian’s dissatisfaction with his father’s spirituality acted as the genesis for his lifelong search for his own kind of religion. Eventually, his life long search towards a more fulfilling innersole bore the theory called Jungian analytical physiology. More so, the inner journey of...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Social Psychology - Theory

...Social Psychology: Group Identity & Group Dynamics Social Psychology September 14, 2008 Introduction Social psychology is a branch of study that focuses on the behavior and interactions of people in a group. The psychological aspect of the study deals with thoughts, feelings, behaviors, attitudes, etc. laying specific emphasis on interactions between individuals and different situations. The sociological aspect looks at situations both at the micro- and macro-levels. Group dynamics refers to the behavior of a group and the interactions of individuals within that group, which are distinctly different from what they would have been if they were not within that setting. A...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Eriksons stage of evelopemnt (Ego Integrity vs Despair)

..., 1989). The case client in the nursing home may be suffering from despair. He might not have the wisdom to negotiate through the crisis. This case client will undergo despair due to the incomplete feeling upon the reflection of his life. References Carducci, B. J. (2006). The psychology of personality. Oxford: Blackwell. Fry, P. S. (1989). Psychological perspectives of helplessness and control in the elderly. Amsterdam: North-Holland. Newman, B. M., & Newman, P. R. (2012). Development through life: A psychosocial approach. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.... Ego integrity versus despair Erick Erickson develops a developmental and life cycle of human development (Carducci, 2006). This model of explaining human development contains...
1 Pages(250 words)Article

Evolutionary Psychology Theory

...on how the human mind influences the process of natural selection. Pinker, s. (1997). Evolutionary Psychology: An Exchange by Steven Pinker, Werner Kalow, and Harold Kalant. Retrieved 21 May 2014, from This books shows an indepth analysis of the Evolution Theory. Describes the Evolutionary Theory of psychology in detail. It also states the challennges that were faced by the Evolutionary Psychologists. Pinker’s book also review the theory critically stating its strengths as well as weaknesses. In criticising the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Freud''s theory

...Freud’s Theory Applied Here are some ways Freudian theory can be applied to this boy’s case. Freudian theory talks about the conscious and the unconscious mind. the conscious mind involves everything a person is aware of; while, the unconscious mind involves things that lie outside of awareness, like desires, wishes, past memories, etc. The concept of the unconscious mind can be applied in the given case in a sense that the boy might have experienced bully in his childhood, or he might have seen his father bullying his mother. The bullying he experienced influenced his behavior that he became violent toward others or toward females if he saw his mother getting bullied in the past. It got...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Aristotle's Theory

...and their involvement in physiological states of a person. Considering the relationship between body and soul, Aristotle points out an inextricable link between them. “Unlike Plato, he has no objection to so intimate a relation between the mental and the physical” (Caston 331). In fact, he expresses the conviction that their interaction can be regarded as monism. Recognizing the link between body and soul, Aristotle says that the soul is active, not passive. Unlike the supporters of epiphenomenalism, Aristotle argues that the physiological processes can be the result of certain psychological processes. There are two possibilities (Caston 330). Some physiological processes are the result of both physical and...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Erikson's psychosocial stages

...Introduction The different psychological theories, including theories of human development, have emerged as one of the realistic theories that truly explain human growth, especially in mental development (Gawel, 6). Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a theory of psychological human motivation coined by a psychologist scholar by the name Abraham Maslow, during the periods of early 1940s (Loh, Schapper and Wrathall, 3). In this research paper on psychology, I am going to look at my life, past and present and decide on what stages I have completed and if they were successful or unsuccessful. I will also discuss the impact this...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Psychology Erikson's theory for FREE!

Contact Us