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Analysis of Erikson's Stage of Initiative Vs Guilt - Essay Example

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 This paper focuses on the ‘initiative versus guilt stage. Further to discussing this stage in depth, this paper highlights the importance of investigating studies pertaining to children especially in the development stages, upon evaluation of the studies on this topic…
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Download file to see previous pages The crisis will occur at every stage of the development, and they will be both psychological and social-related. According to Erikson, each development stage has crises, which ought to be overcome by the individual at that stage. The crises emanate from the psychological need of a particular individual and tend to be the conflict with society’s needs hence ‘social. When an individual successfully overcomes them, there is a sense of significantly healthy personality. In addition, there is an acquisition of the essential virtues. For instance, in the ‘initiative versus guilt stage which occurs at the ages of between 3 and 5, a child who is successful will have a strong virtue of purpose. Conversely, a child who fails at this stage will not only have a weakness on the virtue of finding purpose; they will struggle in completing the other phases (Tsao, 2010).
The ‘initiative versus guilt’ stage is often characterized by vigorous actions on the side of children and there is a tendency by parents to see the former’s actions as aggressive. However, these activities are imperative to this stage and the parents have to allow the process to go on unhindered (Capps, 2013). In addition to showing the said signs, children will also play regularly, interact with others and even initiate activities and games that showcase their creativity. These activities, which usually carried out in the company of other children, offer them the much-needed opportunity to develop interpersonal skills. If the children are given ample time and space to engage in these activities, they tend to develop a strong sense initiative.
Besides, they start feeling they are capable of leading and influencing others, thus the need to ensure children are interrupted, rushed and reprimanded while at this stage. Where the parents fail to recognize the importance of allowing the children to grow as per the demands of the stage, there is a great amount of guilt engulfing a child.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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