Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs - Essay Example

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This essay describes the hierarchy of needs and explains how Maslow's theory is relevant when it comes to using in organizations. It also gives a general overview of the needs and wants of the individuals living in the world and how these needs and wants change through different set-ups…
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Maslows Hierarchy of Needs
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Download file to see previous pages It can be derived from the above list that the biological needs are the first ones which need to be fulfilled. Biological needs are the basic necessities of life without which a person cannot survive. Breathing, shelter and biological factors such as homeostasis can be counted in these needs. All these factors are necessary for an individual to survive. If this need is fulfilled then the next human need is of safety. Safety is described in different contexts by Maslow as in the general world this safety implies to be something which is related to justice and freedom whereas in a work environment this safety means the safety of the job. In a work environment, this safety can also mean the incentives provided for the safety of an individual by the employer when the employee is in need of help. In general, it is all that a human may need after his basic needs of survival are fulfilled. After the human needs of safety are fulfilled Maslow states that humans usually run for love and belongingness. By love and belongingness here he means that humans need affection from their fellow members of the society so that they feel secure in society. During work, this love implies the understanding between co-workers and an employee-employer relationship. According to him, a human should always feel that he is being trusted in the environment in which he works or he would deviate from his responsibilities. After that, the factor of Esteem comes as laid down by Maslow in the list. Self Esteem constitutes a major part of the personality of an individual and it is necessary for an individual to feel that he is being respected in the society he lives. If he feels the other way then it is likely that the individual also starts to disrespect the society. In a work environment, it is meant that the employee feels that he is being respected by his colleagues and he is being rewarded for whatever he is achieving in work. Lastly, Maslow emphasizes on the broad concept of self-actualization which every human being requires. Maslow states that in order to reach this mode of self-actualization it is necessary that he achieves all the previous needs and knows how to manage them. It is then that the individual would know his worth and would then act as per his personality. He would then know as to what he really requires and give his full potential to whatever he can do with his life. This is the final step in the realization of the potential that one possesses and Maslow notes that if one has achieved this level then it is possible that he would become very successful in life. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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