Abraham Maslow proposed this theory in his paper ‘A Theory of Human Motivation’ in 1943. In this theory Maslow, subsequently extended to include his observations of mans innate curiosity. This theory states that as humans…
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Human tries to first achieve deficiency needs than after he tries to achieve growth needs that are continually shaping behavior [Wikipedia].
Biological and Physiological needs: Physiological needs take highest priority, because it can control thoughts and behaviors causing people to feel sick, pain and discomfort. These types of needs mainly consist of air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep, homeostasis and excretion
Safety needs: This need comes after the Physiological needs are met. This is a natural phenomenon that one moves next level after achieving one stage. Everyone wants to have safety and security. This may be for physical security, health security, employment security, revenues, property and resources security, moral and physiological security, family security, etc.
Belongingness and Love needs: When physiological and safety needs are met than human want to have social needs that mainly involves emotionally based relationships. This type of needs is workgroup, supportive and communicative family, affection, relationships, Friendship, and sexual intimacy. A human nature needs to feel belonging and acceptances from social group or social connections and love and to be loved (sexually and non-sexually) by others. Absence of these needs can cause one to feel being alone and depressed. Sometime belonging and love need overcome the physiological and safety needs that depend on the strength of the peer pressure.
Esteem Needs: According to Maslow, all humans have a need to be respected, to have self-respect, and to respect others. People need to engage themselves in order to gain recognition. People have an activity or activities that give the person a sense of contribution, to feel accepted and self-value, be it in a profession or hobby. Imbalances at this level can result in low self-esteem, inferiority complexes, and an inflated sense of
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The traditional way of personal management has given way to broad and collaborated way of knowledge sharing and problem solving. The emergence of the new approach which ensured greater degree of autonomy and independence can be attributed to the development of human psychology.
People have diverse needs which are manifested in many forms. Abraham H. Maslow has placed human needs in a hierarchy of relative prepotency as revealed in the Deeper Mind website (Deeper Mind). He identified five specific and distinct needs classified as: physiological needs (food, sleep, stimulation, activity); safety and security needs (protection from harm); love and belongingness needs (love, friendship, comradeship); esteem needs (self-respect, personal worth and autonomy); and self-actualization needs (achieving full potential) (Deeper Mind 1).
Knowing how children develop is important for assisting growth and learning, especially in the situation where the child is having difficulties. The way that children grow and learn can have a significant effect on their adult lives. Childhoods that are highly stressful or where many needs are not met can often result in the individual having problems in later life, such as the inability to interact well with others and the lack of interest and ability to learn.
Consequently,with emerging complexities, leadership became a pertinent issue. Thus, managerial theory was developed to help managers deal with the complexities around running an organization (Fleet & Peterson, 1994, p. 14). Management refers to the science or art of goal realization through people.
The importance of effective human resource management (HRM) has been recognised by virtually any company which follows western standards of business. If an organisation fails to properly and effectively manage its human resources in the right areas of the business, at the right time and at the right cost, serious inefficiencies are likely to arise creating considerable operational difficulties and likely business failure (Beardwell, Claydon & Holden, 2003).
Once the biological need is fulfilled, the person will want to have safe environment and so on. Once one of the needs is fulfilled, its importance decreases and the desire for another need is activated. The other needs mentioned in the data are not directly related to the Maslow's hierarchy of needs but we can associate them within that hierarchy for example the transcendence need can be put into the self actualization need of the Maslow's hierarchy.
can influence a persons level of job satisfaction; some of these factors include the level of pay and benefits, the perceived fairness of the promotion system within a company, the quality of the working conditions, leadership and social relationships, and the job itself (the
This theory by Maslow was given in 1943 and was known as the ‘hierarchy of -needs’. It gave a general overview about the needs and wants of the individuals living in the world and how these needs and wants change through
The physiological needs represent the first level and include food, sleep, and water. The second level encompasses the safety needs such as order, security, and stability. The two levels are crucial for the physical survival of humans. Lauby (2005) argues that people
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