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Anxiety in Sports - Essay Example

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Introduction: Anxieties have often been denoted to be culprits in compromised performances in sports activities. Given the high-pressure situation of competitive sports, anxiety is conventionally believed to affect performance negatively. Anxiety is a set of negative affective states associated with an inability to cope with stress placed on an individual by environmental demands…
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Anxiety in Sports
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Download file to see previous pages Despite the fact that current studies demonstrate that the majority of sport psychology consultations involve anxiety management, the current trend of thought is that some dose of anxiety is a necessary emotion for appropriate performance. Most performers in sports and exercise would believe that ascertaining self and self-efficacy are important personal parameters for performance in a competition (Carpenter et al., 2004, 3255-3265). Self-efficacy beliefs are pivotal for performance in sports. Self-efficacy has been deemed to arise from several sources of information about a person's confidence or subjective beliefs in their skills or ability to affect outcomes by performing a given behaviour or action. Performance accomplishment is intimately related to previous successful personal experiences with the action or the behaviour.
Psychological impetus in sports performance may arise from physiological states such as autonomic arousal. However, the most important factors influencing performance are related to psychological states or emotional states. Negative emotional states associated with threat in achievement contexts such as anxiety and worry, or positive emotional states associated with approach motivation such as state self-confidence also affect self-efficacy beliefs. ...
t social information from the environment in the form of stimuli and learnt personal belief systems are processed neuropsychologically and serve as the bases for motives, decisions, intentions, and behavioural responses. Therefore, these cannot happen in a vacuum, devoid of feeling states or emotions. Emotions such as anxiety can also operate as response or outcome states as well as sources of information for attributions, judgements, beliefs, expectations, desires, intentions, and other social cognitive constructs, which influence performance (Gould, Petlichkoff, and Weinberg, 1984, 289-304).
The study of sport and exercise psychology has dealt with emotions in the close quarters with the attempt to study the effects of a variety of emotions on performance in this area. A vast majority of the research deals with a single emotion, anxiety. The previous findings were that a higher level of cognitive anxiety can be detrimental to performance in a number of varying tasks and situations with competition. It can impair performance in memory tasks and complex motor tasks such as indoor sports such as climbing or free-throw shooting in basketball. In this assignment, the objective is to critically examine more literature to see whether anxiety has the role that researchers believe or it has something else at all to offer in sports performance. Researchers have recorded positive effects of anxiety on motor tasks, tasks involving solving of anagrams, in free-throw and rebound shooting in basket ball. This is an apparently contradictory finding, putting practitioners at a fix whether to treat anxiety in sports or not, since if it is helpful, it would at least momentarily help improved performance, which is also the goal of sports psychology. Anxiety, which is a known negative ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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