Nobody downloaded yet

Explain the interaction between hormones and behavior, and how these interactions affect the determination of gender identity - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
RUNNING HEAD: Gender Identity Topic: Gender Identity Name of the student: Under the guidance of: University: APA Format Gender Identity Introduction Gender identity may be described as a personal conception of oneself as female or male (Ghosh, 2012)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94% of users find it useful
Explain the interaction between hormones and behavior, and how these interactions affect the determination of gender identity
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Explain the interaction between hormones and behavior, and how these interactions affect the determination of gender identity"

Download file to see previous pages On the other hand, gender role is a manifestation within the society by various observable factors like appearance and behavior (Ghosh, 2012). What exactly determines gender identity is a much debated issue (Yuan-shan and Li-quin, 2006). While some researchers argue that gender identity is mainly because of prenatal exposure to male hormones, other opine that social factors like rearing have an impact on gender identity and behavior. The role of nature and nurture in gender identity and gender role is yet debated in biopsychological circles and enormous research has been conducted in this regard. In this essay, the influence of hormones on gender identity and behavior will be discussed. Role of biological factors like hormones on sexual differences, behavior and gender identity Maturation of gender identity or gender development in a child begins in the intrauterine stage. Primary role is played by sexual dimorphism induced by hormones in the growing fetus. It is a fact that all human fetuses are actually primed to have a female sex and the default pathway is to have a female anatomy. However, during the 8th week of gestation, fetuses that have Y chromosome and have a functional locus for testes determining factor known as SRY gene, undergo testicular development. During this process, a steady surge of testosterone produced by the testes occurs and conversion of the inherently female fetus into a male fetus happens. The main virilizing hormone during gestation is dihydrotestesterone that occurs from testosterone (Yuan-shan and Li-quin, 2006). Certain other gene products also may be involved in the masculinization of the inherently female fetus. Another important factor that eventually leads to male phenotype is the production of antimullerian hormone that inhibits formation of mullerian ducts leading to development of female genitals (Ghosh, 2012). In this process, even the fetal brain is affected. Magnetic resonance imaging studies in animal and human models have revealed that certain parts of brain, like the amygdala, cerebellum, corpus callosum and preoptic hypothalamus are larger following exposure to intrauterine testesterone. On the other hand, in the female fetuses which are anyway deprived of testesterone, the corresponding parts are smaller. The follicular stimulating hormone which triggers the development of female genital tract and ovaries is present in both males and females, but its effect is superseded in males by the testesterone surge. Role of nurture on gender identity and gender behavior The environment in which the child is reared following birth has an influence on gender identity even much before the child is born. Parents and relatives create an environment in the house and buy clothes and toys appropriate for sex of the to-be-born baby after antenatal detection of sex has occurred. Even the names are different for boys and girls. Following birth, after appropriate assignment of sex has been made, environment plays a significant role in gender identity development. The parents rear the child as boy or girl and inculcate appropriate gender specific interactions. Some researchers have argued that gender identity is actually malleable in the first year of life, following which it is irreversible (Ghosh, 2012). This aspect has however been challenged. Researchers have argued that gender identity is typically an inborn characteristic and that it reaches a critical point during childhood. Mammalian ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Explain the interaction between hormones and behavior, and how these Essay”, n.d.)
Explain the interaction between hormones and behavior, and how these Essay. Retrieved from
(Explain the Interaction Between Hormones and Behavior, and How These Essay)
Explain the Interaction Between Hormones and Behavior, and How These Essay.
“Explain the Interaction Between Hormones and Behavior, and How These Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Explain the interaction between hormones and behavior, and how these interactions affect the determination of gender identity

How Does Paid Employment Affect Your Identity

...?How Does Paid Employment Affect a Person’s Identity? Identity is a word with a lot of meanings. It is the totality of a person’s self, ideas, personality as well as physical traits. It is the manifestation or the persistence of an immaterial soul, irreducible and not easily analysed (Paul, Miller and Paul, 2005). Other suggested meanings of identity is that it is a transitive property, wherein if A is the same person as B, and B is the same person as C, then A is the same person as C (Martin and Barresi, 2003). Still another definition of identity is how we see ourselves, our roles, how we relate to...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

How Does Paid Employment Affect The Identity

...How does paid employment affect your identity? In order to have paid employment exert friendly influences on one’s identity, it consequently becomes highly important to learn all the critical ways to thrive in a career in a very positive and professional manner. This remains a reality that employment heavily interferes with one’s identity, self-esteem, and psychological satisfaction either in a positive or negative way. Also, there definitely exists a direct relationship between a worker’s identity and the amount of salary on which he or she is employed in any organization. Workers getting high salaries tend to be more...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Human Pheromones/Hormones and Behavior

...?Human Pheromones and Behavior Submitted Dr. Laura L. Carruth, GSU, Spring In this paper, six research articles areconsidered where the authors have conducted experiments to determine whether human pheromones exist, and if they do how they affect humans. The studies show evidence of modification of human behavior, mood, chemical balances in the body and the menstrual cycle. This research provides clear evidence that pheromones are present in humans, although research is needed to determine the exact chemicals involved, and how these affect behavior, most of the studies examined only an...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

How sedentary lifestyle affect identity

...?Jane Jones Jim Smith English 105 26 November Sedentary Lifestyle Affects Identity The sedentary lifestyle has received much attentionover the last three decades and there is even a word to describe the inactive person, a “couch potato”. Experts have all weighed in and published many books and articles to warn the populace just how damaging such a life actually is and how it could change the person’s identity. On US television, there are at least five syndicated health shows on every day and there are even entire networks dedicated to the subject. By this time, everybody should know the health effects of inactivity, almost as damaging to the mammal body...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Gender identity

...what comprises and defines gender identity. The two authors mentioned above have different perceptions about gender identity but all come to social factors. For instance, according to Devor, gender is determined by the roles one plays while on the other hand, Cofer perceives gender identity to be determined by the cultural standards. All these converge to the society which means that gender is identified by interacting with the society. Devor on Gender identity and generalized and significant others The generalized...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Gender Identity

...? Gender Identity due: Introduction Sex refers to the biological peculiarity amid males and females. Sexfacets are due to chromosomes, anatomy, hormones, and physical traits. Gender refers to the social and psychological characteristics associated with an individual being male or female. Gender identity is a perception of self as a masculine or feminine. Socially recognized indicators include hairstyle, body shape, and other mannerisms. This paper will aim to discuss the following questions: What are the general gender roles accepted in the society? What does it mean to behave and act like a man? What does it mean to be...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Gender identity

...also evolve with time as the trends in recent decades have seen changes in gender behaviors and roles. Today, there is an expectation that women will show a more feminist and assertive side, while can now show a more compassionate and softer feminine side (Blakemore et al 23). Rather than reinforcing the aspect of nurture, however, this shows that one should not try too hard to nurture a child to conform to the environment. Therefore, nature must be more important in gender identity development because the child is born with a pre-determined identity. Modern research and science have contended that gender...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Language and Gender Interaction

...determined language. More often than not, allegations that are mostly aimed at trying to put women down in the social hierarchy have been made to the effect that it exists. Such allegations have rarely been supported by factual data. This study therefore aimed to gather factual data that could contribute to shedding light on whether women's manner of speaking is different from that of men. This could shed light and give direction to the debate. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND AND LITRATURE REVIEW The main thrust of gender-based analyses of language has been the norm-and-deviation framework. It is assumed that the male way of speaking is competitive while that of women is co-operative. This implies that males...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Gender Identity

...with the biological factors whereas gender identity determines through social, psychological, historical and cultural factors. Particular physical and biological conditions like internal and external genitals, chromosomes and hormonal states lead to determine male or female sex. So, when we determine gender identity and the roles of any particular gender then we should keep into consideration the cultural and social perceptions. The masculine and feminine qualities, traits and roles must be deeply taken into consideration. It is also important to keep in mind that there is a...
21 Pages(5250 words)Essay

Gender identity

...Gender Identity The role of gender and social definitions of it in our lives is enormous and affects every choice that we make in life. These definitions are rarely constructed by the individual who ultimately plays out these roles but are social constructs, the violation of which brings down on the rebellious individual various forms of punishment ranging from public ridicule to legal action that may be taken by the state. This paper shall seek to discuss the relationship between gender identity, sexual orientation and the roles of sex and gender that one is expected to play out in the society. The paper shall also take into account the role of the media and social stereotypes along with the role that different cultures play... ...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Explain the interaction between hormones and behavior, and how these interactions affect the determination of gender identity for FREE!

Contact Us