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Motivation of Foreign Students to Learn English - Essay Example

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Motivation of foreign students to learn English as a second language Construct definition The construct on which the questionnaire is based is that of motivation. Motivation can be correctly defined as the process which initiates, drives and sustains goal-oriented behaviors (Ryan and Deci, 2000)…
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Motivation of Foreign Students to Learn English

Download file to see previous pages... There are three main components as far as motivation is concerned. These are activation, persistence and intensity (Ryan and Deci, 2000) Activation comprises the decision to behave in a certain way, for example enrolling in an English language class. Persistence is the amount of effort continuously put in to achieve that goal despite the existence of numerous obstacles, such as taking more advanced English courses in order to get a higher degree despite the fact that it requires a lot of input in terms of time, energy as well as resources. Intensity is observable as the concentration and vigor applied in achieving a goal. For example, while one student might not put in enough effort and go through the course, another would work hard, study regularly, participate actively in class and apply learnt knowledge outside of class. The construct of motivation comprises two major classifications: intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Research has shown how intrinsic motivation has come to be a critical emerging phenomena for educators where motivational is crucially defines the learning and achievement which molds the practices of the students (Ryan & Stiller, 1991). Extrinsic motivations are those that arise outside of an individual whereas intrinsic motivation is the one which an individual himself generates. ...
Understanding the divergent types of extrinsic motivation, and how they are fostered, is a critical area of importance as far as educators who rely completely on intrinsic motivation in order to foster learning are concerned. A study conducted at the Zayed University in the UAE, on a sample of female university students, regarding student’s motivation for learning English, showed that their main factors of motivation for learning were mainly instrumental. However additional studies carried out on Arab students goes to show that they have a tendency to be more instrumentally motivated when it comes to learning a second language and that those who are integratively motivated are a part of the minority (Zughol & Taminian, 1984). The questionnaire administered pertains to gaining an understanding of the motivation of foreign students when it comes to learning a second language. In this case the language selected is English. Looking at the critical role that learning English plays, in addition to desire of school administrators and teaching staff to look at the motivating factors that motivate secondary school students to undertake and efficiently learn a second language is the basic idea behind this study. The hypothesis based on the prior research conducted on the subject is that students from secondary schools in the UAE are more likely to learn a second language due to instrumental motivations. According to my research as far as motivation to learn secondary/foreign language is concerned the aspect is known as the learner’s orientation as far as the goal to learn a second language is concerned (Crookes & Schmidt, 1991). To develop a questionnaire that investigates and looks at the motivation of second language acquisition, the two types of motivation ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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