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38). The transactional leadership theory involves exchange between labour and rewards while the transformational leadership theory is mainly based on placing concern for intellectual stimulation, employees and offering vision to a group (Bass, Avolio and Atwater 2006, p. 99).
James Macgregor Burns, who was a leadership expert, introduced transformational leadership theory concept. According to him, transformational leadership is manifested in a situation where a leaders and followers lead to the advancement of one another in motivation and morality (Bass and Riggio 2006, p. 64). A transformational leader uses different mechanisms to improve performance, morale and motivation of his followers. The mechanisms include being a good role model to followers which inspires them, having a connection to the followers’ self-identity, striving to understand weakness and strength of the followers and challenging followers to have more ownership of the business(Bass, Avolio and Atwater 2006, p, 94). Transformational leaders, foster moral values of loyalty, honesty, and fairness and at the same time they preserve end values of equality, justice and respect to human rights (Yates 2012, p.53).
Transformational leaders have strong character and vision. This power helps them inspire their followers to change the perception, motivations and expectations to work toward the set purpose (Yukl 2009, p.28). The transformational leadership theory is based on the leadership trait;character and ability to bring about change through energized vision, articulation and challenging goals. For a leader to be considered transformational, he must be idealized in the sense that he is a moral exemplar of striving toward benefits of an organization, a team or a community (Sanders, Hopkins, and Geroy 2013, p. 21-31). The impact that the leader has on his followers’ performance and motivation is what determines
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This paper examines the concept of transformational leadership. It begins by identifying the default position of leadership in organizations, which is transactional leadership. From that point, the paper goes on to evaluate the role of transformational leadership as an improvement and replacement of transactional leadership.
Various authors have suggested that different theories in leadership such as trait theories, behavioural as well as contingency theories have been developed to explain the impact of leadership styles on the performance of the organisation as a whole. However, recent studies have shown that transformational leadership is more ideal during the contemporary period since it is adaptive to change.
These types of leaders are also described as wilful in the sense that they do everything within their means to pursue the goals or objectives of the company while still maintaining proper professional ethics. In comparison to other types of leaders, level 5 leaders have been known to transform mediocre companies into being one of the best in the industry during their terms in office.
The review of literature proceeds to identify the various ways by which transformational leadership impacts on follower outcomes. Finally, commentary shall be given about the transactional leadership perspective from a practical standpoint. Definition and description of transformational leadership, its strengths and weaknesses The originator of the transformational leadership perspective was James MacGregor Burns, in his book Leadership (1978) which he expounded on the contrasting notions of transactional and transformational leadership.
Bernard Bass recommended that a good leader exhibits characteristics of both types of leaderships because these are different approaches.
This is a concise article which discusses the questions about Transformational leadership. What are main characteristics of Transformational leadership How it is different from transactional leadership and how the transformational leaders apply it on their subordinates Lastly, it describes its role in organizational life and its influence on individuals.
One model for thinking about strategic change in organisations sees the existence of an organisation as a social system built on 'influence paths' or 'loops'.
To improve organizational performance the following aspects should be taken into account. The first is identification of a task and the quality of its fulfillment.
According to the report leadership affects the educational climate in schools, church attendance, job stress, organizational change, and military success. Effective leadership can create shared beliefs, values, and expectations in organizations and societies and can modify followers' interpretations and understanding of issues and events.
The author states that the interest in transformational leadership is as a result of two tendencies. First, important international changes in the economy from the early 1970s meant that a lot of large companies in the west, such as AT&T and General Motors had to put into consideration extreme changes in their methods of conducting business.
As the paper, Transformational Leadership, declares leaders are followed by people whereas managers have people who work under them. The two terms might have different meanings, but they go hand in hand. The vital aim of this paper is to give an in-depth meaning of leadership and management styles in the field of nursing.
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