US cold war foreign policy - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
When the Berlin Wall started to fall in November 1989, it represented the beginning of the end of a nearly 45 year conflict. All over Eastern Europe, millions of people cried out for freedom. Within two years, the Soviet Union dissolved and so too had the Cold War…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.2% of users find it useful
US cold war foreign policy
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "US cold war foreign policy"

Download file to see previous pages When the Berlin Wall started to fall in November 1989, it represented the beginning of the end of a nearly 45 year conflict. All over Eastern Europe, millions of people cried out for freedom. Within two years, the Soviet Union dissolved and so too had the Cold War.Many in the West called this a victory with many praising U.S. President Ronald Reagan and his aggressive, military policy towards the Soviet Union. Francis Fukuyama called it the end of history.1 Others looked to the future with U.S. President George H. W.Bush speaking about a 'new world order'.2 Yet, the absolute victory Fukuyama spoke of is misleading. Bush's vision of the future is tainted by 'new' elements, Osama bin Laden, that are directly linked to the policies of the Cold War. To understand our Cold War policies and their effects requires us to examine some of the earliest documents of this conflict. This includes George Kennan's "Long Telegram" and his "Mr. X" article as well as Walter Lippman's response. NSC-68 and The Ugly American will also be analyzed. Together, these documents provide the necessary foundation from which to more completely understand how the Cold War ended and why.When Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945, it ended World War II fighting in Europe. Almost immediately, though, the Soviet Union and the United States of America started to establish radically different policies in respect to recently liberated European counties. By 1946, tension between the former war allies started to mount. George Kennan, a member of the U.S. State Department stationed in Moscow, wrote a letter to Secretary of State James Byrnes describing the Soviet Union and her ambitions in the midst of this tension. In his "Long Telegram", Kennan argues that the "Kremlin's neurotic view of world affairs is traditional and instinctive Russian sense of insecurity."3 Kennan separates the Russian people from the ruling class, and, more importantly, finds complexity in the policy positions of the Soviet Union. Further, while the Soviet Union is insecure, Kennan believes that the Soviet Union thinks slowly in respect to international conflicts and internal stability is of particular importance to the regime. Accordingly, Kennan suggests that the United States should engage the Soviet Union on many fronts; diplomatic, economic and military. Kennan finishes the telegram with a note of caution: "the greatest danger that can befall us in coping with this problem of Soviet communism is that we shall allow ourselves to become like those with whom we are coping."4
In 1947, Kennan wrote an article for Foreign Affairs under the name 'Mr. X'. In "The Sources of Soviet Conduct", Kennan offers a more compact version of the 'Long Telegram'. Kennan argues that the United State must lead the 'fight' against the Soviet Union. However, he only uses the words 'military' and 'conflict' once and argues that the United States should apply "a cautious, persistent pressure toward the disruption and, weakening of all rival influence and rival power."5 Further, Kennan notes that "the United States has it in its power to increase enormously the strains under which Soviet policy must operate."6 This, though, did not mean solely military engagement. Walter Lippman responded by arguing that the United States should "concentrate our effort on treaties of peace which would end the occupation of Europe."7 Unlike Kennan, Lippman believed that recent Soviet actions demonstrated that it was a much more violent country, prone to aggressive international behavior. Accordingly, Lippman took a more militaristic stance again the Soviet Union and the concept of containment.
Then, in 1950, the U.S. policy towards the Soviet Union was more officially codified in 'NSC 68: United States Objectives and Programs for National Security'. While using Kennan as a starting point, the document leans more towards Lippman's conception of the Soviet threat and has a more militaristic response. NSC-68 argues for a "rapid and concerted build-up of the actual strength of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“US cold war foreign policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
US cold war foreign policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words. Retrieved from
(US Cold War Foreign Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
US Cold War Foreign Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words.
“US Cold War Foreign Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF US cold war foreign policy

Why US foreign policy towards Cuba has not thawed since the end of the cold war

...Cuba; and lastly, 4. To discover the reasons behind why the foreign policy of the United States of America towards Cuba have not changed since the end of the Cold War. Significance of the Study The significance of the study is based on two premises: first, its capacity to look into the current status of the US-Cuba foreign policy; and second, to ascertain the factors that affect the current foreign policy between the two. Aside from this, the research is also significant in view of its capacity to offer an extensive analysis of the U.S. foreign policy...
32 Pages(8000 words)Dissertation

US foreign policy during Cold War

...DOMESTIC EFFECTS OF U.S. FOREIGN POLICY DURING COLD WAR Blowback: US foreign policy during Cold War Blowback book is a comprehensive book written by Christopher Simpson. The book seeks to expose substantial information in regard to documentation the manner in which United States intelligence services after 1945 secretly shielded, recruited and employed many ex-Nazi officials to fight against the Soviet Union during the Cold War period. In investigating facts the writer does a remarkable work; though, his expose unearths the dark side of the...
21 Pages(5250 words)Thesis

The Cold War and American Foreign Policy

...? and Section # of The Cold War and American Foreign Policy Two s more important than perhaps any other in terms of The United States foreign policy and its impact, position and effect in the Cold war are those of Paul Nitze and George Kennan, senior officials in the American administration, with sharply contradicting views and positions of strategy. Each had a highly contrasted sense of policy from the other, in terms of how the United States should take a stand towards the Cold War and what would be the most favorable policy for their victory and the Soviets’ defeat. These views and the lives of these two men are outlined in Nicholas Thompson’s book, The Hawk and The Dove, and are investigated in the paragraphs to follow, along... with the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

US Post Cold War Interventionism Foreign Policy

...? Running head: US post Cold War interventionism foreign policy Lecturer presentation Introduction The interventionism foreign policy that United States adopted in the post Cold War era has left the country and citizens more insecure than ever before. Since the Second World War ended in 1945, the United States military has engaged in five major conflicts in different parts of the globe, which have inflicted heavy economic damage on the country and loss of numerous lives of the combatants and civilian populations. The country has spent billions of dollars, which unfortunately has not translated into tangible sense of security for American interests within and outside the country’s borders. There is strong and credible argument... of the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

US foreign policy: democratic realism and war

...US FOREIGN POLICY: DEMOCRATIC REALISM AND WAR Democratic realism is a foreign policy that takes into account polices of realism and democratic globalism. This policy centralizes on that, democracy is a good policy that should be practiced everywhere. However this foreign policy is hesitant to commit blood and treasure in matters of pursuing democracy and accepts war in places where there is strategic necessity or a war waged to an enemy that poses a global threat to freedom of the whole world. Democratic globalism is a...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

US Foreign Policy during the Cold War

...US Foreign Policy during the Cold War Order No.208932 March 2008 US Foreign Policy during the Cold War The Cold War was the period between the mid-1940s and the early 1990s when there were conflicts and tremendous competition between the United States and the Soviet Union and their allies. It was known as the Cold War as there was no direct military confrontation or battle between the two countries. After World War II US felt threatened by the expansionist policy of the Soviet Union. The rivalry between the two super powers and extended to many areas like ideology, military coalitions, espionage, nuclear arms race, proxy wars and massive defense spending. Although the countries were allies against the Nazis they differed on how... of the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

The US Foreign Policy

...Response to Posting Reply I agree with you on the point that as much as the United s has a strong relationship with Yemen, the result is destabilization rather than stabilizing the country. You have hashed out the fact that Yemen has a poor economy, which is exacerbated by the lack of resources in the region. As such, it mainly relies on foreign support in terms of military and financial support. The US has a large stake in providing such kind of assistance to Yemen not because the US is a Good Samaritan, but because of the interest it has in the AQAP, which is associated with Yemen. With the abundance of military armor of the use, it fights the AQAP through the naval...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

US Foreign Policy

...Arabia on war imminence. The war however did not receive much support both from within US, other countries and agencies such as United Nations (UN) but this did not hinder Bush. Controversies surrounding the Iraq war arguably form the greatest criticism on Bush’s regime. 2. The Obama Administration and foreign policy Obama’s administration from its onset sought to bring the Iraq war to an end. However, there would still be focus on other regional issues such as the Afghanistan conflict. Moreover, Obama’s administration as echoed by Hillary Clinton sought to implement global solutions to threats through employment of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

A. The Cold War affected many aspects of American life beyond foreign policy. How did the Cold War shape the politics, economy, society and culture of the US during the period between 1947 and 1953 (Dont limit yourself to McCarthyism.)

...occurred in civil. The effects of the cold war went a long way to shape the changes in civil rights of the minority and promote democracy (Balkin 22). The effects also aided the occurrence of progress in women’s rights to promote equality between women and men so that they would have access to the same opportunities as men and proper, politically, socially and also economically. In conclusion, the cold war not only contributed to changes in United States foreign policy, it also influenced the Americans way of life in many positive ways which are evident in the changes in family life, the role of women, civil rights and domestic...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

What is the significance of the end of the Cold War for US Foreign Policy

...What is the significance of the end of the Cold War for US Foreign Policy? In the history of international relations, the end of the Cold War has crucial importance in terms of evoked core transformation in international system and the short period of all the outcomes to become visible for the contemporary people. In the given circumstances, the impact of the USSR collapse on the foreign policy of USA has no doubt, since these two states were the main actors that formed the previous world order. In fact, US foreign policy currently face...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic US cold war foreign policy for FREE!

Contact Us