Richard Nixon’s Foreign Policy During the Cold War (1969-1974) The Cold War era could be described as a war spent mostly on the arena of international politics instead of the battlefields. While there were actual wars waged with the physical struggle of arms, the major players spent most of their efforts through diplomatic maneuvering…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Download file to see previous pages
Elsewhere, communist political influence was spreading further in Latin America. The rise of Marxist leader Salvador Allende in Chile during 1970 was troubling the United States. By this time, President Nixon developed his own foreign policy called the “Nixon Doctrine.” In his speech, President Nixon (1969) stated these points as his main focus in foreign policy: Before any American troops were committed to Vietnam, a leader of another Asian country expressed this opinion to me when I was traveling in Asia as a private citizen. He said: "When you are trying to assist another nation defend its freedom, U.S. policy should be to help them fight the war but not to fight the war for them." Well, in accordance with this wise counsel, I laid down in Guam three principles as guidelines for future American policy toward Asia: - First, the United States will keep all of its treaty commitments. - Second, we shall provide a shield if a nuclear power threatens the freedom of a nation allied with us or of a nation whose survival we consider vital to our security. - Third, in cases involving other types of aggression, we shall furnish military and economic assistance when requested in accordance with our treaty commitments. ...
The goal of Nixon’s foreign policy is to provide military and technical support to nations who are against Communist influence without sending US military personal to participate. Any direct intervention by the US military towards such conflicts would increase tensions to the already heated international political environment. Despite Nixon’s seemingly hawkish approach toward Communist nations, he found that realistic diplomatic approaches were also necessary. Nixon knew that resorting to military action against Soviet Russia and China would be catastrophic, even though it was clear that the Russians and Chinese were helping North Vietnam fight the US forces in South Vietnam. Regardless, there were heated tensions between Soviet Russia and China during that period. Research by Gilliland (2006) pointed that “as a realist, Nixon saw the potential benefits of a new relationship with China as a way to pressure the Soviets on many issues, and to expand trade between both nations” (p.14). Nixon’s foreign policy doctrine had various effects. First, it brought the era of Detente during the Cold War. The detente was the foreign policy of Nixon. Its purpose is to work on and improve a diplomatic atmosphere of cooperation and normalization between the United States and the communist nations of Soviet Russia and China. A report made by the University of Virginia’s Miller Center (2012) conveyed: The announcement that the President would make an unprecedented trip to Beijing caused a sensation among the American people, who had seen little of the world's most populous nation since the Communists had taken power. Nixon's visit to China in February 1972 was widely televised and heavily viewed. It was only a first step, but a decisive one, in the budding
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Richard Nixon's Foreign Policy During the Cold War Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1441506-the-cold-war-and-us-diplomacy
(Richard Nixon'S Foreign Policy During the Cold War Essay)
“Richard Nixon'S Foreign Policy During the Cold War Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1441506-the-cold-war-and-us-diplomacy.
The cold war which was a rather very prolonged battle of a myriad of threats, posturing and wills between the Capitalistic United States and the Communist Soviet Union, was seen to follow soon after the World War II. By the year 1943, the eventual outcome of the cold war was clear to all the Germany led countries.
US Post Cold War Interventionism Foreign Policy
The interventionism foreign policy that United States adopted in the post Cold War era has left the country and citizens more insecure than ever before.
The country has spent billions of dollars, which unfortunately has not translated into tangible sense of security for American interests within and outside the country’s borders.
The conclusion from this study states that in a nutshell, US spying operations and the seeking of the services of Nazis did more harm than good to the country back home. Although the impacts were preferred at their inception, by the then American leaders, they failed to contribute effectively toward the strengths of the country on a number of national issues.
Each had a highly contrasted sense of policy from the other, in terms of how the United States should take a stand towards the Cold War and what would be the most favorable policy for their victory and the Soviets’ defeat.
The UN charter stipulates clearly the procedures that should be followed by a country to perpetrate coercion or violence to another state. The UN charter is the only legitimate basis that a country can use to attack another sovereign state since it has been reached through consensus by the member states forming the United Nations.
What began in 1954 with basic economic and military aid to the struggling, anti-communist regime in South Vietnam, ended with over 50,000 American soldiers dead, 300,000 injured (Brinkley 882), more U.S. bombs dropped than in World War II (Kennedy 589), and an American populace struggling to understand what happened and why.
After World War II US felt threatened by the expansionist policy of the Soviet Union. The rivalry between the two super powers and extended to many areas like ideology, military coalitions, espionage, nuclear arms race, proxy wars and massive defense spending.
Many in the West called this a victory with many praising U.S. President Ronald Reagan and his aggressive, military policy towards the Soviet Union. Francis Fukuyama called it the end of history.1 Others looked to the future with U.S. President George H. W.Bush speaking about a 'new world order'
It became the goal of the United States to keep its own soil safe from the threat of communist nuclear attacks by carefully constructing a network of global alliances and neutralities that were designed to contain communism and promote democracy.
The security policy of the United States during the Cold War was heavily centered on one tactic: the accumulation of nuclear bombs (Botti 45-47).
The following essay depicts the positive changes which occurred after the war in the United States, politically, socially, and economically.
Economically, after the Cold War the United States experienced a strikingly rapid growth in its economy. The rapid growth of the
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Richard Nixon's Foreign Policy During the Cold War"
with a personal 20% discount.