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The controllable include; physical inactivity, unhealthy diets, obesity, tobacco exposure and high blood pressure. Family history is one of the non-modifiable risk factors. People from families with cardiovascular diseases history are at a risk of getting cardiovascular diseases. If a blood relative has a stroke before the age of 55 years, your chances of getting the same increases. Unhealthy diets are a major contributor to heart related diseases. Foods with high saturated fats have contributed to 13% of coronary heart diseases and 11% of stroke worldwide. Physical inactivity is the major factor of heart related diseases; which are caused by physical inactivity.
Although physical inactivity is the major cause of heart diseases, it is also the easiest way to prevent heart diseases. Being physically fit can prevent most of the cardiovascular diseases. An example of a patient, who is yet to develop any heart related disease, is advised to do exercise regularly. This prevents them from becoming obese. The physical activities are easy to do and will not interfere with your daily activities. Some of the exercises include; walking to work instead of taking a bus, taking the dog to the park or walking it around the neighborhood. These are simple activities and do not require
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The relationship between inflammation and cardiovascular disease. Inflammation is a major risk factor, which promotes the onset and development of cardiovascular disease. An increased risk of cardiovascular disease is associated with systemic inflammation, for example, inflammation resulting from untreated infections such as periodontal disease (Berg and Scherer 941).
Cardio vascular disease has been defined as “impairment of heart function due to inadequate blood flow to the heart compared to its needs, caused by obstructive changes in the coronary circulation to the heart”. The WHO has drawn attention to the fact that CVD or coronary artery disease is our “modern epidemic”.
Other factors do have their effect too, such as hereditary factors and congenital causes.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2003 an estimation of 16.7 million people die each year from cardiovascular diseases. 1And it is percepted that by 2030 24 million people will suffer and eventually die as a consequence to this disease.
Along with medical and surgical therapy directed towards anatomical or pathological correction of the culprit lesions, risk factor modification by way of rehabilitative exercise programmes and life style modification of the patients in collaboration with other agencies that would serve as mentors for these individuals can reduce risks as evidenced by reduction in risk parameters.
However, technically, in medical language, it could be used to refer to any disease that affects the cardiovascular system as a whole, it is usually used to refer to those related to atherosclerosis (arterial disease), coronary heart diseases etc. These conditions have similar causes, mechanisms, and treatments (Kannel, 1997).
Sometimes, these are a part of the profile of syndromes such as Down’s, Turner’s or other trisomies (Lilly 369-384).
Congenital heart diseases (CHD) can be classified in to cyanotic and acyanotic heart disease. In cyanotic heart disease there is
The waist to hip ratio and BMI reveals that I am overweight; however, my cholesterol levels are within normal ranges. Moreover, I do not suffer from high blood pressure issues and my blood glucose levels are also under normal ranges. Another worth
One way of reducing obesity and improving physical fitness is performing cardiovascular exercise. Cardiovascular exercise is effective in many ways; running, skating, swimming, and cycling.
Studies reveal that a
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