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tions are: 1) the fundamental concern and core category will emerge with consistent use of the theory, 2) the social organization of a group exists and is available to be discovered and 3) the concerns of the participants’ rather than those of the researcher are the focus of the research (Artinian, Giske, & Cone, 2009).
I agree with Brittany Freeland that in nursing practice there are four levels of nursing theories which are grand theory, middle range theory, Meta theory and practice theory. Abstractness and specificity of ideas and propositions distinguish the levels (Roy & Roy Adaptation Association, 2014). The specialized knowledge in the nursing profession is based on research and theory. Nursing theories provide and implement nursing theory-guided practice models. Nursing professional is important for testing, developing and refining nursing theory. The development of nursing theories has been strengthened by dialogue and reflection of genuine nursing situations. Nurses in the professional are guided by their beliefs, values and knowledge. The beliefs, knowledge and values are reflected in the information about the nursing meta-paradigm, theories and philosophies (Parker & Smith, 2010). Employing nursing theories helps nurses to improve the care they offer to patients and guidance on how to develop nurse-patient relationship. Roy theory is a grand theory that can be used in nursing research. This theory states the goal of nursing is to help the patient adapt to illness so as to react to other stimuli. The theory describes that an individual adapts to the environment through four procedures: self-concept, psychological processes and needs, interdependence and role mastery (Roussel, 2013). The application of Roy’s theory in research is highlighted in the article Role tuning between caregiver and care receiver during discharge transition: An illustration of role function mode in Roy’s Adaptation Theory (Shyu,
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The intent behind the theory is to organize and put forth the structure of nursing knowledge and to explain the various aspects of nursing knowledge. A number of people have emphasized upon the complexity of the nursing profession. Orem herself observed once that if nursing is scrutinized under the lens of human practical science, one can appreciate how complicated and intricate it is (Marriner-Tomey & Alligood, 2006).
As the paper discusses the art and science of nursing is a multidisciplinary approach to providing care for people who are in various stages of health; wellness, illness, and the dying process. Nursing knowledge, while comprising both nursing theory and nursing practice, takes data, and research to formulate concepts for models of care.
A nursing theory usually helps a nurse to be able to describe, predict or explain the occurrence of certain ideas. The nurse can also be able to predict practice outcomes as well as patience’s reactions. He or she can also be in a position to explain the occurrence of the said reactions.
This paper is a discussion of Sister Callista Roy and John Broadus Watson. More specifically the discussion examines their nursing theories and the applicability and relevancy to nursing. The two had many of the same views and tenets about nursing and this paper will present a discussion of both including a comparison and contrast of their nursing theories.
AHRQ is a home based research institution that has gained specialization in various important aspects of healthcare (AHQR, 2012). These aspects include: improvement of quality care, efficient and effective results of the process of care,
Metaparadigms refer to the person, environment, health and nursing contexts in nursing (Walker & Avant, 2011). These metaparadigms are defined by tenets which vary across different nursing theorists.
Consciousness is described as a unitary pattern of data that is inclusive related to the wholeness of the universe and that supply an unlimited repertoire of possible action and infinite capacity to love (Picard & Jones, 2005).
This theory finds its
Theory evaluation process consists of concept analysis, theory critique, description, theory support and theory testing. Theory evaluation is the core of theory development (p. 203).
Theory critique consists of various criteria for
The education for nurses also moved into the college and university setting, allowing for greater personal development through degreed programs. Additionally, nursing theories were developed in regards to how a patient was observed and interviewed, taking in a more
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