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The major behavioural problems observed with children are autism, attention deficit syndrome disorder, dyslexia and Asperger syndrome and these problems hamper the ability of children to learn well. Two levels of interventions, wave 2 and wave 3 are designed for children who require special educational needs and the latter gives individual care for those children. Children need different types of interventions since their learning problems are different from child to child. At first, the need of the child must be identified and specific provision must be given according to the identified needs. The interventions for the students who require special educational needs are implemented in nursery, primary and secondary levels of education and there are SEN departments in each school having a SENCO (Special Educations Needs Coordinator). Children who want special education need to procure a statement, stating the special needs and special provision of the child and this statement for the child is given on the basis of statutory assessment. The “special education needs” has a legal implication for providing service for the children who are not able to learn with time, as their friends do. The extra assistance which are required for those children are in “schoolwork, reading, writing, number work or understanding information, expressing themselves or understanding what others are saying, making friends or relating to adults, behaving properly in school, organizing themselves and some kind of sensory or physical needs which may affect them in school.” (What are Special Educational Needs?).
The state asks for the school and nursery authorities to identify the children who are having learning disability and the SEN program is designed for helping those children. Once the child is identified, as requiring special educational needs, the school authorities have to formulate an educational plan to help the student, in
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In the aftermath of the introduction of the Revised Code of Practice on Special Education Needs (January 2002), a framework has been provided for developing strong partnerships between parents, schools, local education authorities (LEAs) and health and social services.
The system of education in the United Kingdom is set to provide quality education to the children, to create an innovative and efficient youth force in the country. However, the very system of education is more objective rather than the required subjective approach.
This definition calls for an extension on the scope of disabilities to include all inabilities (physical or mental) that might be a hindrance to normal learning. For learners with English as an additional language who also have special educational needs, the topic of special education provision becomes even more important and relevant.
However, many parents that deal with children that have learning problems are still unaware of how this act could help them and the children. Because they might not be able to determine if their children truly have learning problems, they might dismiss them as lazy or lacking in motivation, when in fact they needed additional help and guidance.
SENDA introduces the rights of disabled students and says that they must not be discriminated against. This includes education, teaching and other facilities provided exclusively or primarily for students offered by organisations including additional and higher educational establishments and universities.These statements are directed to those schools that are mandated to accept people with disabilities in compliance with the law, so it will be discussed in this paper.
This paper shall study the inclusion method of educating children with disabilities in the classroom setting, and outline the merits and challenges presented. The inclusion set up indicates that children with and without disabilities are put into the same classroom, and included in all activities with the rest.
But all of them are not providing the quality and special needs. There has been an increase in the number of special children in almost all the countries. As these students are not treated like other children, most of them are still taken care by the service organizations.
The reliance on market forces as a mechanism of quality control and the unprecedented degree of centralized control of the curriculum, for instance, are principles calling for revolutionary changes in the way teachers operate
Issues surrounding inclusion debate have included; whether it is right to label children as disabled, whether it is ethical to treat such children differently, teacher training for special education needs, the issue surrounding funding and equipping of such schools.
The major policy development in the field of special needs education in England and Wales in the 1990s was the introduction, as a consequence of the 1993 Education Act, of the Code of Practice on the Identification and Assessment of Special Educational Needs.
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