Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Special educational needs provision - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The Education reform Act of 1988 marks an historic and radical revision of education in England and Wales based on an ideology starkly at odds with that which guided the system’s development in the previous four decades (Cor, 1996)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.6% of users find it useful
Special educational needs provision
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Special educational needs provision"

Download file to see previous pages The Education reform Act of 1988 marks an historic and radical revision of education in England and Wales based on an ideology starkly at odds with that which guided the system’s development in the previous four decades (Cor, 1996). The reliance on market forces as a mechanism of quality control and the unprecedented degree of centralized control of the curriculum, for instance, are principles calling for revolutionary changes in the way teachers operate. Their impact has been made more difficult to assimilate by the speed with which these policies are introduces and there political sponsors refusals to acknowledge what may educationists have argued are potentially dangerous implications. And also in this, special education is not only reflected as a broader educational concept but also as a broader social and political concept. (Len, 1988). Special educational needs are defined in the 1993 Education Act as learning difficulties that call for special provision besides that routinely provided in mainstream schools (1993 Act, para 156). If what is provided routinely does not meet the child’s learning needs then a statement of SEN, specifying additional resources will be required. The inexorable rise in the number of children with statements, combined with increasingly high levels of parental expectations concerning special educational needs provision, has led to demands on the founders, the Local Education Authorities (LEAs) which can no longer be met (Ann, 1997).

met (Ann, 1997). Recognizing this, the 1993 Education Act proposed a Code of

Practice to clarify what special educational needs provision should be made

generally available in mainstream schools.

Children with special educational needs form a

substantial minority of the primary school population. The Warnock Report (DES,

1978) suggested that 20 percent of children will have special educational needs at

some time during their school careers. This figure, derived from standardized test

and survey data, has been criticized as arbitrary and self-fulfilling but is supported

by a wide range of research evidence (e.g. Croll and Moses, 1985; Mortimore et

al. 1988; Shorrocks et al, 1992). Thus children with a variety of special

educational need form a significant group and one that may draw

disproportionately on scarce educational resources.

To be precise, in 2005 around 18% of all pupils

in school in England were categorized as having some sort of special educational

need (SEN) (1.5 million children) (Ann, 1997). Around 3% of all children

(250,000) had a statement of SEN and around 1% of all children were in special

schools (90,000) - which represents approximately one third of children with

statements. With such a large number of children involved, it is important to

recognize that many children are receiving the education they need in an

appropriate setting. It is equally important, however, to highlight the difficulties

faced by a large number of parents for whom the system is failing to meet the

needs of their children.

The influence of the Warnock Report was not

restricted to a new conceptualization of special educational needs; it also made

wide - ranging recommendations about the way in which special educational

provision should be developed. The Committee argued that the provision should

be seen as 'additional or supplementary" rather than 'separate or alternative' to

regular education, and described a continuum of settings in which it might take

place. For most children, their needs would be met in ordinary classrooms, with

additional support as required. The Warnock Committee (DES, 1978) heralded a ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Special educational needs provision Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Special Educational Needs Provision Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words)
“Special Educational Needs Provision Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Special educational needs provision

Give a historic and analytical overview of special educational needs (SEN) provision in England 1870 to present

...?SENPRO Since the late 19th century, the outlook towards with special educational needs (SEN) has changed in Britain, with more social services and inclusion type programs becoming available throughout the 20th and 21st centuries to equalize treatment of these children and provide equalized opportunity. At the same time, history has seen a lessening of institutionalization and a greater degree of programs that have been designed to mainstream SEN students to live a productive life among their peers as contributory members of society, rather than isolating them. Today “All teachers should expect to teach children with special educational needs and all schools should play their part in educating children from their local community, whatever...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Examine the difference between integration and inclusion in terms of special educational needs provision in the UK

...?The difference between Integration and Inclusion in terms of Special Educational Needs provision in the UK Outline Introduction. 2. The History of Special education needs 3. Definition of special education needs 4. Inclusion 5. Integration 6. From Integration to Inclusion 7. The process of inclusion 8. Responding to the Difference 9. Conclusion. 10. List of references. Introduction In this essay I will be examining the difference between integration and inclusion related to special education needs provision in the UK. I will start with a brief introduction of its history and developments and end with the discussion itself. History of Special education needs The history of special needs dates back decades ago, but the documented cases were...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Children with Special Educational Needs

...?Children With Special Educational Needs Children with certain mental and physical disabilities have been present in the world since the beginning of the world. Such people who were mentally or physically disabled were often referred to as mentally handicapped people or children. These people were deprived of the basic rights and privileges that they truly deserved. The society did not include such people as the part of the society and even if these handicapped people tried to mingle into the normal people, the people would insult them and treat them with disgust and insult them (Hallahan & Kauffman, 1988). The handicapped people would be treated differently as if they have landed from outer space. Children with such disabilities had...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Developments in SEN )Special Educational Needs

...? Developments in Special Educational Needs Introduction In the early part of the 20th century, the provision of education to children with special needs relied heavily on the medical model of defects. This was provided on the 1944 education Act, where children with special education needs were identified by disabilities defined in medical terms. As a result of this, majority of children were identified as uneducable and were grouped into categories such as educationally sub-normal or maladjusted. These categories of unique children resulted to the provision of special education treatment in separate schools. This approach concentrated on difference rather than normality, on sickness rather than well being, and specifically on the problem...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Inclusion - Special Educational Needs

... of the of the Concerned 3 January 2009 Special Educational Needs Special educational needs (SEN) is an area of education that is not only self explanatory so far as its name is concerned, but also has a legal definition and recognition in the UK. As per the 1996 Education Act of UK, a child is considered to have special educational needs if he/she has a learning difficulty that necessitates that a special educational provision should be made for him/her. A child is taken to be having a learning difficulty if: a. he/she faces a more then average level of difficulty while learning, as compared to other students in the same age group; or b. he/she has a difficulty that stops or obstructs him/her from exploiting the educational...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Special Educational Needs

... of time. The Special Educational Needs Code of Practice (DfEs, 2003) further clarifies that Pupils with specific learning difficulties have a particular difficulty in learning to read, write and spell or manipulate numbers so that their performance in these areas is below their performance in other areas. Pupils may also have problems with short-term memory, with organisational skills and with coordination. Pupils with specific learning difficulties cover the whole ability range and the severity of their impairment varies widely. (DfES, 2003, p. 3). However, despite this definition, the students are considered to have learning difficulties...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Educational Issues and Special Educational Needs

... that has been put into the law and since the legislation has not gained a lot of popularity some of the children’s educational rights are violated and people do not bother to report such incidents to the concerned authorities. On the other hand the children with special educational disabilities may not understand what their rights and provisions are as they are clearly defined in the legislation. This makes it difficult for such children to report any form of maltreatment against them from their caregivers, tutors as well as parents thus rendering this legislation ineffective. Conclusion In conclusion the Every Child Matters Children Act 2004 has the intent of helping the children especially those who have special educational needs so...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay

Special Educational Needs of Autistic Children

... Special Educational Needs Introduction Autism has developed into one of the most significant diseases in the modern world. The disease is seen mostly in the case of children in the formative years of their life. The children affected by autism have difficulty in social and communicative behaviors. In addition to this, the children suffer from hearing and speech impairment. These difficulties direct the children to behave indifferently to the society. The scope of autism has increased in the recent years with about 2% of the population suffering from autism. (what is autism, n.d.; Frith, 2003; Pp 1-3 ). To tackle the growth of autism the society has developed Special Educational Needs (SEN) for the children, which will help them...
11 Pages(2750 words)Coursework

Special educational needs and additional educational needs

...Special Educational Needs and Additional Educational Needs Table of Contents Overview 3 Understanding Special Need 4 Historical Perspective 5 Inclusion and SEN 7 Meaning 7 Inclusive Teaching 8 Effectiveness of Inclusion in the Present Status 8 Disability Act 10 Conclusion 11 References 12 Overview Large number of children all around the globe, irrespective of their economic class, suffers of disabilities both in terms of psychological attributes and physical attributes. Rather in many cases, children throughout their educational career do face certain problems as a result of their disability to understand or to interpret the educational curriculum. These difficulties might occur in the sphere of schoolwork, understanding numbers or having...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Investigate the provision for Special Educational Needs (SEN) in a primary school. Consider how this provision promotes educational equality of opportunity

...INVESTIGATING THE PROVISION OF SPECIAL EDUCATION NEEDS IN PRIMARY SCHOOL By Location Investigating the provision of special education needs in primary school Establishment of special schools begun back in the nineteenth century with the aim of providing education to children with impaired sensory functioning. The government has also been in the forefront in the provision of education to the special need children in primary schools. The government’s policy is that all children should release their potential. According to the special needs education code, which states that a child or young person has special needs if they have trouble in their learning which calls for special educational provision (Moonie 2005, n.p). The code also promotes...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

2007 Special Olympics World Summer Games

The particular aspects of the marketing strategies applied during these Games are analyzed highlighting the importance of following specific rules when using marketing in the area of sports activities. On the other hand, the particular characteristics of marketing are presented taking into account the fact that marketing is significant for the successful completion of sports activities worldwide. More specifically the financial support offered to athletes and sports organizations because of the promotion of specific products/ services helps the sports activities to be more approachable to people of all social classes. In the case of Special Olympic Games, the development of appropriate marketing strategies can have two significant...
11 Pages(2750 words)Assignment

Special Emphasis: Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy

Norms of human behavior have been generalized on the basis of religion, economy, familial and cultural affiliations and what human intelligence and learning have generally accepted as being appropriate and correct. Any aberration in human behavior that goes against these set patterns is considered as abnormal behavior.

In most parts of the world and in the historical perspective too, the male of the species is considered as the head of the family and provider of resources essential for sustaining life. The female is considered as the home runner and mother, more confined to domestic chores. Children are typified by obedient youngsters who learn the intricacies of life, guided by their parents and teachers, to become res...
12 Pages(3000 words)Term Paper

School Bullying: an Educational Problem

School bullying is a serious educational problem that is receiving increased attention. While anti-bullying programs are mandatory in Australian and American schools, they are not in Singapore (Forss, 2006). In Singapore, 95% of students in primary and secondary schools have experienced bullying (Forss, 2006).

A bully is someone who repeatedly attacks another individual who does not resist (Berger, 2006) and constantly harasses somebody else either physically or psychologically (Bosworth, Espelage, Simon, 1999). Bullying is manifested in many different ways such as physical, verbal and relational bullying (Berger, 2006). As a result of bullying, victims may experience anger, sadness, and depression which can lead to lo...
11 Pages(2750 words)Literature review

Chilled Vehicles and Special Care of Products

Hiring another company or the third party to man the operations of the fleet of vehicles can put the company down. That would be like dealing with new employees who are not really working for the company, and who do not know our products. It will also be tantamount to revealing the secrets of our products and company that we have treasured all through the years. The best option is to work on the fleet of vehicles and get the right people to handle the operations. 
There are doubts as to the exact number of vehicles we have to purchase since these are all plans and some hypotheses. But we tried to scale down our output, made some estimates and inside surveys, and come out to some numbers, which were reached by calculating...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Organisational Learning in Educational Institutions

Conventional understandings will be reviewed and reinterpreted based on the actual practice and needs of such organizations.

Most literature on organizational development tends to be for the management of business organizations. But I believe that organizational learning is more crucial for non-profit motivated service organizations such as educational institutions because they are more embedded in society and have greater social as well as economic consequences. Educational institutions are dynamic institutions like many others but they are fundamentally different from businesses for whom most of the conventional organizational change and development theories are framed. A developed and tailored theory of organizationa...
14 Pages(3500 words)Report

School Social Worker in Special Education

Social workers are required to understand the diversity of families and help individuals and families cope with the implications and impacts of learning disabilities, physical or cognitive problems. Individual treatment may be required in a safe environment and relationship in which to deal with issues. The work of the school social worker in special education is related to a diverse number of areas, in which he/ she is required to fulfill various roles and responsibilities (Turner, 2005).

Approximately one-half of school social workers are found to be practicing with elementary school children. School social workers support and help to prevent future problems by intervening with at-risk children during elementary schoo...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

Health Needs Assessment among Internally Displaced People in Southern Darfur State

In the recent past, Sudan has gone through a very serious humanitarian crisis, rated by as among the worst in the world. This crisis has led to thousands of Sudanese being displaced from their homes. The crisis was a series of civil wars that have characterized the Southern Sudan regions, and quite recently the Darfur region. The conflict in the Darfur region is among the most recent crises in Sudan and has as a result drawn global attention. According to the UN, the Darfur conflict emerged as the worst crisis in the year 2003 as far as humanitarian aspects are concerned (UNEP/OCHA, 2004 pp 6).

So far, the Darfur crisis has led to the internal displacement of more than two million citizens. In the year 2008, the UN esti...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

Structure of the Educational System in Morocco and Its Capacity for Addressing the Needs of the Hospitality Industry

... in the Hospitality and Tourism Sector and whether these are best learnt at School or on-the job (Miranda, 1999, Pp. 41) 22 22 VI. Conclusion and Recommendation 23 VI.I. Conclusion 23 It is clear from the previous discussion that a need exists in Morocco to try to constantly improve the curriculum, quality and capacity of education with a special emphasis on secondary education. The English language should be taught more vigorously because a majority of the tourists speak and understand this language. Those who can communicate in English are far more than those who know Arabic or French. Education needs to be attuned towards trying to create flexible and thinking individuals who can fit into the job market. 23 Although the government...
15 Pages(3750 words)Research Proposal

Analysis of Educational Website

... Analysis of Educational Website Introduction Since antiquity, education remained a major component of human societies; however, until few decades ago, it existed in the society in its traditional and conventional form that involved one-to-one interaction of teachers with their students in classrooms. Since few years, educators and scholars have witnessed rapid advancements in the field of information and technology that has altered almost every sector of the society in a rapid manner, and so the education sector as well. In such advancements, internet has now become one of the most popular platforms for students, teachers, businesspersons, and individuals from every sector to acquire education and information within few clicks and minutes...
7 Pages(1750 words)Article

The Specific Needs in Health and Social Care

In social work, the same principles should always apply. Involvement in social work should always be done in a way that even people with disabilities are involved and are equal beneficiaries of such services. 
There are a general difference in the way the social model view disability and the way that the medical model views disability. According to the social model, disability refers to the restriction of human activities and their participation, which results from social factors that do not take into account the needs of impaired people. The medical model, on the other hand, refers to disabilities as the attributes of an individual that are not normal and need treatment or specific services.
Over the years, there h...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Special educational needs provision for FREE!

Contact Us