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This essay would further describe the Hierarchy of needs and would tell as to how the theory is relevant when it comes to use in organizations (Institute of Management 1998).
Hierarchy of needs is a theory which can be implemented into practice in organizations because of the context in which it was written. It tells the employers about the human nature and how necessary it is to fulfill the requirements of these individuals in order to attain high performance. The hierarchy of needs is divided into five major representations by Maslow. These needs are basically formatted into a pyramid which shows how they are important. In basic terminology this hierarchy of needs is divided into physiological, safety, love and belongingness, esteem, and self actualization (Institute of Management 1998; Viles 2008). Following is the list that provides the overview of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs:
It can be derived from the above list that the biological needs are the first ones which need to be fulfilled. Biological needs are the basic necessities of life without which a person cannot survive. Breathing, shelter and biological factors such as homeostasis can be counted in these needs. All these factors are necessary for an individual to survive. If this need is fulfilled then the next human need is of safety. Safety is described in different contexts by Maslow as in the general world this safety implies to be something which is related to justice and freedom whereas in a work environment this safety means the safety of job. In a work environment this safety can also mean the incentives provided for the safety of an individual by the employer when the employee is in need of help. In general it is all what a human may need after his basic needs of survival are fulfilled. After the human needs of safety are fulfilled Maslow states that humans usually run for love and belongingness. By love and belongingness here he means that humans need affection from their fellow
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The traditional way of personal management has given way to broad and collaborated way of knowledge sharing and problem solving. The emergence of the new approach which ensured greater degree of autonomy and independence can be attributed to the development of human psychology.
Knowing how children develop is important for assisting growth and learning, especially in the situation where the child is having difficulties. The way that children grow and learn can have a significant effect on their adult lives. Childhoods that are highly stressful or where many needs are not met can often result in the individual having problems in later life, such as the inability to interact well with others and the lack of interest and ability to learn.
Consequently,with emerging complexities, leadership became a pertinent issue. Thus, managerial theory was developed to help managers deal with the complexities around running an organization (Fleet & Peterson, 1994, p. 14). Management refers to the science or art of goal realization through people.
The importance of effective human resource management (HRM) has been recognised by virtually any company which follows western standards of business. If an organisation fails to properly and effectively manage its human resources in the right areas of the business, at the right time and at the right cost, serious inefficiencies are likely to arise creating considerable operational difficulties and likely business failure (Beardwell, Claydon & Holden, 2003).
Once the biological need is fulfilled, the person will want to have safe environment and so on. Once one of the needs is fulfilled, its importance decreases and the desire for another need is activated. The other needs mentioned in the data are not directly related to the Maslow's hierarchy of needs but we can associate them within that hierarchy for example the transcendence need can be put into the self actualization need of the Maslow's hierarchy.
The author of this essay makes a deep description of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and the relevance of his approach in regard of modern society. The author assumes that human strive for an upper level of capabilities and considers that we satisfy our needs in certain order according to asset of hierarchy.
Cognitive behaviour therapy is problem oriented, this means that it is focussed on a specific problem affecting the patient and also action oriented meaning it is focuses on helping a patient identifying a specific strategy that will help him or her overcome
The physiological needs represent the first level and include food, sleep, and water. The second level encompasses the safety needs such as order, security, and stability. The two levels are crucial for the physical survival of humans. Lauby (2005) argues that people
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